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研究生:陳怡茹
研究生(外文):CHEN, I-Ju
論文名稱:家長人口學變項、近視防治行為與學童近視之關聯性研究-以新北市某國小為例
論文名稱(外文):Parental demographic factors, myopia-preventive behavior and their associations with school children\'s myopia:using an elementary school in New Taipei City as an example
指導教授:廖邕廖邕引用關係
指導教授(外文):Liao, Yung
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣師範大學
系所名稱:健康促進與衛生教育學系
學門:教育學門
學類:專業科目教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2019
畢業學年度:108
語文別:中文
論文頁數:62
中文關鍵詞:家長近視防治行為學童近視
外文關鍵詞:parentsmyopia-preventive behaviorchildrenmyopia
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
  • 點閱點閱:232
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:61
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:4
近年來台灣學童近視率逐年攀升,過去少有家長人口學變項、近視防治行為與學童近視之相關研究,因此本研究之目的為 (1) 調查國小學童近視之現况。(2) 瞭解家長人口學變項與學童近視之關聯性。(3) 探討家長近視防治行為與學童近視之關聯性。
本研究以新北市某國小三、四年級的家長為研究對象,於2019年5 月至7月間利用問卷調查,共取得229份有效樣本,並以描述性統計、卡方檢定、獨立性樣本T檢定、二元邏輯斯迴歸進行統計分析數據。
研究結果發現:
一、學童有近視者佔46.7%,沒有近視佔53.3%。
二、長人口學變項「性別」,女性族群的學童近視風險勝算比是男性族群的0.49倍(95%CI=0.26-0.91);「母親近視與否」變項,母親沒近視的近視風險勝算比是母親有近視的0.25倍(95%CI=0.26-0.91)。
三、家長較常「提醒孩子,看電視或閱讀書籍時,不可躺著或趴者,以避免眼睛疲勞」以及「會要求孩子,讀書寫字應保持正確姿勢」,其小孩有較高的近視風險。
本研究結果顯示,母親近視與學童的近視風險有正向的關聯性;然而,不同於本研究之假設,家長較常進行近視防治行為似乎也與學童近視風險具有正相關,因此,未來研究需要更進一步的確認家長近視防治行為與學童近視之間的因果關係。
In recent years, the prevalence of myopia problem is increasing among school children. Limited studies have examined the associations of parental demographic factors and myopia-preventive behavior with school children's myopia Therefore, the main purpose of this study is to (1) to describe the prevalence of myopia among the school students. (2) to examine the associations between parental demographic variables and school students’ myopia. (3) to investigate the relationship between parental myopia-preventive behavior and children’s myopia. Subjects of the study were the parents whose children were in the middle grade in a public elementary school in New Taipei City. A total of 229 valid questionnaires collected.
Descriptive statistics, chi-square test, independent T test, and binary logistic regression were conducted to analyze the data. The results are showed as below:
(1)The results showed that there were 46.7% of the students had myopia in our smaple.
(2)Among these school students, the female were less likely to have myopia (OR=0.49) than male. Moreover, the children whose mother without myopia were less likely to have myopia (OR=0.25) compared with the mother with myopia.
(3)The parents who were more often to remind「their kids not to lie down when they’re watching TV or reading.」or ask「 their kids to have good posture when they’re writing」is related to higher odds of their children’s myopia.

Our results showed that mother’s myopia is positively related to children’s myopia. However, parental myopia-preventive behaviors seem to be positively associated with children’s myopia. Future studies are needed to further confirm the causal relationship between parental myopia-preventive behaviors and their children’s myopia.
謝辭 i
摘要 ii
目次 iii
表目次 v
圖目次 vi

第一章緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 3
第三節 研究問題 4
第四節 研究假設 4
第五節 名詞解釋 4
第六節 研究限制 5

第二章文獻探討 6
第一節 國內外近視流行病學 6
第二節 家長人口學變項對學童近視之相關研究 11
第三節 家長近視防治行為與學童近視之關聯性 15

第三章研究方法 20
第一節 研究架構 20
第二節 研究對象 21
第三節 研究工具 22
第四節 研究步驟 25
第五節 資料處理與分析 26

第四章 研究結果與討論 27
第一節 家長人口學變項、近視防治行為與學童近視之描述 27
第二節 家長人口學變項、近視防治行為與學童近視之關係 32
第三節 家長人口學變項、近視防治行為與學童有無近視之二元邏輯斯迴歸分析 35
第四節 綜合討論 39

第五章 結論與建議 41
第一節 結論 41
第二節 建議 42

參考文獻 44
中文部分
英文部分
附錄一 授權使用同意書 54
附錄二 預試問卷 55
附錄三 正式問卷 59


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