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研究生:陳彥君
研究生(外文):CHEN, YEN-CHUN
論文名稱:運算思維量表發展之研究
論文名稱(外文):The Study of Developing a Computational Thinking Scale
指導教授:劉遠楨劉遠楨引用關係
指導教授(外文):LIU, YUAN-CHEN
口試委員:黃思華趙貞怡
口試委員(外文):Huang, TZU-HUACHAO, JEN-YI
口試日期:2020-07-15
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北教育大學
系所名稱:教育傳播與科技研究所
學門:教育學門
學類:教育科技學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2020
畢業學年度:108
語文別:中文
論文頁數:117
中文關鍵詞:運算思維量表構面因素分析信度效度
外文關鍵詞:computational thinkingscalefacetfactorfactor analysisreliability
DOI:doi:10.6344/THE.NTUE.CICT.031.2020.F02
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本研究主要目的為編製一份具有信效度之運算思維量表,量表架構經文獻探究後建立。研究過程之施測對象為國內國中學生,預試有效樣本共345人,正式施測有效樣本共672人。預試後,透過項目分析和信度分析檢核量表,再經過正式施測及驗證性因素分析檢核量表。最終保留抽象化、演算法思維、拆解、模式辨識與數據資料處理共五個構面,完成量表的編製及信效度之研究。

本研究結果可分為以下三部分:
一、 本研究所提出的「運算思維量表」理論量表模式與觀察資料具有良好之適配度;
二、 本研究建構之「運算思維量表」具有良好的建構效度;
三、 本研究建構之「運算思維量表」具有良好的組合信度。
最後,根據研究結果為運算思維量表的發展提出建議,協助教育相關從業人員了解國中學生運算思維能力程度,並提供未來的研究者參考。

The main purpose of this study is to develop a computational thinking scale suitable for middle school students, and construct the computing thinking framework based on literature discussions. The subjects of the study are domestic middle school students. There are a total of 345 valid samples for the preliminary test and a total of 672 valid samples for the formal test. Finally, retaining abstraction, algorithmic thinking, decomposition, pattern recognition and data processing as the facets of the computational thinking scale and reliability and validity research were completed. It used project analysis, and confirmatory factor analysis to construct the scale of this study. The results of this study can be divided into the following three parts: 1. The theoretical scale model of the CTS proposed by this research has a good fit with the observation data. 2. the CTS constructed in this study has good construction validity. 3. The CTS constructed in this study has good combined reliability. Finally, based on the results of the research, it provides suggestions for the development of the computational thinking scale, assists teachers to understand the degree of computational thinking ability of middle school students, and provides reference for future researchers.
目 錄
第一章 緒論...................................................... 1
第一節 研究背景.............................................. 1
第二節 研究動機.............................................. 3
第三節 研究目的.............................................. 4
第四節 待答問題.............................................. 5
第五節 名詞釋義.............................................. 5
第二章 文獻探討.................................................. 7
第一節 運算思維意涵.......................................... 7
第二節 運算思維主要構面..................................... 18
第三章 研究方法................................................. 25
第一節 研究架構............................................. 25
第二節 研究對象............................................. 26
第三節 研究工具............................................. 26
第四節 研究流程............................................. 31
第五節 資料處理與分析....................................... 33
第四章 研究結果................................................. 37
第一節 量表預試與項目分析................................... 37
第二節 正式施測與驗證性因素分析............................. 61
第三節 樣本背景分析與國中生運算思維現況..................... 86
第五章 結論與建議............................................... 93
第一節 研究結論............................................. 93
第二節 研究建議............................................. 93
參考文獻......................................................... 95
附錄一 運算思維量表專家審題問卷................................. 103
附錄二 運算思維量表預試問卷..................................... 110
附錄三 運算思維量表模型共變異數矩陣............................. 117

表目錄
表2-1-1 學者或機構對運算思維之定義彙整........................... 15
表3-3-1 運算思維量表初稿......................................... 28
表3-4-1 量表審核專家背景......................................... 32
表3-5-1 項目分析評判指標......................................... 34
表3-5-2 EFA與CFA比較.......................................... 36
表4-1-1 運算思維量表構面意涵與題數............................... 37
表4-1-2 運算思維預試量表......................................... 38
表4-1-3 運算思維預試量表觀察值摘要............................... 43
表4-1-4 抽象化構面項目分析-獨立樣本t檢定........................ 45
表4-1-5 演算法思維構面項目分析-獨立樣本t檢定.................... 46
表4-1-6 拆解構面項目分析-獨立樣本t檢定.......................... 47
表4-1-7 模式辨識構面項目分析-獨立樣本t檢定...................... 48
表4-1-8 數據資料處理構面項目分析-獨立樣本t檢定.................. 49
表4-1-9 抽象化構面項目分析-修正後題目與總分相關可靠性統計量...... 50
表4-1-10 抽象化構面項目分析-修正後題目與總分相關項目整體統計量....50
表4-1-11 演算法思維構面項目分析-修正後題目與總分相關可靠性統計量..51
表4-1-12 演算法思維構面項目分析-修正後題目與總分相關項目統計量....51
表4-1-13 拆解構面項目分析-修正後題目與總分相關可靠性統計量....... 52
表4-1-14 拆解構面項目分析-修正後題目與總分相關項目整體統計量..... 52
表4-1-15 模式辨識構面項目分析-修正後題目與總分相關可靠性統計量... 53
表4-1-16 模式辨識構面項目分析-修正後題目與總分相關項目整體統計量. 53
表4-1-17 數據處理構面項目分析-修正後題目與總分相關可靠性統計量... 54
表4-1-18 數據處理構面項目分析-修正後題目與總分相關項目整體統計量. 54
表4-1-19 「抽象化」構面項目分析各項統計彙整...................... 55
表4-1-20 「演算法思維」構面項目分析各項統計彙整.................. 56
表4-1-21 「拆解」構面項目分析各項統計彙整........................ 57
表4-1-22 「模式辨識」構面項目分析各項統計彙整.................... 58
表4-1-23 「數據資料處理」構面項目分析各項統計彙整................ 59
表4-1-24 項目分析後運算思維量表保留題項.......................... 60
表4-2-1 各題項偏態與峰度......................................... 61
表4-2-2 運算思維量表(45題)CFA之MI值.......................... 64
表4-2-3 第一次CFA後之運算思維量表保留題項....................... 75
表4-2-4 運算思維量表(25題)信度................................ 78
表4-2-5 因素間積差相關係數....................................... 79
表4-2-6 因素與誤差變項變異數..................................... 79
表4-2-7 運算思維量表整體適配檢驗................................. 80
表4-2-8 運算思維量表題項標準化因素負荷量......................... 81
表4-2-9 運算思維量表題項題目信度................................. 82
表4-2-10 運算思維量表之CR值及AVE值............................. 83
表4-2-11 運算思維量表區辦效度.................................... 84
表4-2-12 本研究發展出之運算思維量表(CTS)....................... 84
表4-3-1 正式樣本背景變項摘要..................................... 86
表4-3-2 電腦程式設計程度......................................... 87
表4-3-3 每日使用電腦或行動載具時間............................... 88
表4-3-4 電子產品使用時間分組..................................... 89
表4-3-5 運算思維量表各題描述性統計摘要........................... 90
表4-3-6 運算思維量表構面敘述統計................................. 92

圖目錄
圖2-1-1 運算思維及其主要構面..................................... 17
圖2-2-1 運算思維構面意涵......................................... 24
圖3-1-1 研究架構................................................. 25
圖3-3-1 量表編製歷程............................................. 26
圖3-3-2 運算思維量表量尺標示範例................................. 27
圖3-4-1 研究流程................................................. 33
圖4-3-1 運算思維量表(45題)SEM模型CFA檢驗路徑圖............... 63
圖4-3-2 運算思維量表(25題)SEM模型CFA檢驗一階路徑圖........... 76
圖4-3-3 運算思維量表(25題)SEM模型CFA檢驗二階路徑圖........... 77

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