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研究生:王儷蓉
研究生(外文):WANG, LI-JUNG
論文名稱:都市綠地公平性之空間分析-以臺北都會區為例
論文名稱(外文):Spatial Analysis of the Equity of Urban Green Spaces – A Case Study of Taipei Metropolitan Area
指導教授:葉佳宗葉佳宗引用關係
指導教授(外文):YEH, CHIA-TSUNG
口試委員:劉小蘭李素馨詹士樑葉佳宗
口試委員(外文):LIU, HSIAO-LANLEE, SU-HSINCHAN, SHIH-LIANGYEH, CHIA-TSUNG
口試日期:2020-07-07
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北大學
系所名稱:都市計劃研究所
學門:建築及都市規劃學門
學類:都市規劃學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2020
畢業學年度:108
語文別:中文
論文頁數:134
中文關鍵詞:都市綠地社會經濟地位公平性空間分析
外文關鍵詞:Urban Green SpacesSocioeconomic StatusEquitySpatial Analysis
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都市綠地對於促進生活品質及民眾健康福祉具有一定的重要性,亦成為都市規劃中重要的衡量指標之一,然而,隨都市化程度上升,在土地資源有限的情況下迫使許多綠地空間流失,導致其提供之服務直接或間接喪失。又過去研究已證實許多地區的綠地時常不均等供給或分配,當地之社會制度與文化等不同因素皆可能成為民眾接近綠地與否的影響因子,進而衍生為與社會經濟地位相關聯的公平性議題。而既有知識多側重於量的計算及證明對健康結果之成效,相對而言,將公平性概念引入都市綠地之國內研究較為缺乏,因此,將多項綠地指標與社經地位變數共同討論,並連結為公平性,使其成為議題核心,是本研究的主要動機與目的。

故首先,本研究主要以社經弱勢族群為研究對象,採取「Equity」之公平性衡量標準,後以臺北都會區作為實證地區,行政區為研究尺度,將綠地比較基準分為法定及整體綠地,再藉由空間統計分析工具,得出適合採用之綠地空間特徵及社經變數,以建構臺北都會區之綠地公平性評估架構,並觀察兩者之空間分布型態,最後將研究結果應用於繪製與都市綠地相關的公平性地圖,將37個行政區依公平性等級分為3類,指認各種社經群體視角下之公平性待改善地區。

而研究結果顯示,以法定綠地為研究對象時,存在不公平問題的地區多位於周圍郊山及發展時期較早之舊市區,研究亦進一步發現自然綠地對於都市空間規劃之重要性,其具有補充法定綠地不足的功能,對公平性帶來正面的效果;整體而言,於本研究挑選之變數及公平性討論範疇內,各社經群體擁有之綠地條件並沒有顯著差異,與國外相比,研究範圍內亦無明顯之綠地不公平情形。因此,本研究建議未來除了藉由規劃設計改善都市綠地公平性不足之區域,也應重新檢視都市所有綠地資源,促使社會對都市綠地有更廣泛之認知,給予自然綠地更多之重視;期望研究成果能發揮實質價值,成為供規劃人員及決策者之參考依據,讓臺北都會區能藉由都市綠地提供居民更適宜之生活環境,社會更加公平、健康與永續地發展。
Urban green spaces are essential for the quality of life and well-being of citizens, and become one of the important indicators in urban planning. However, as the degree of urbanization increases, it causes the insufficient land supply and further leads to the direct or indirect loss of green spaces and the ecosystem services they provide. Moreover, past researches have provided evidences that urban green spaces in many areas are seldom equitably supplied or distributed. Access is often highly stratified based on social institutions and culture, which creates a gap between the benefits that different groups can derive from it, and derived into the issue of urban green spaces related to Socioeconomic Status (SES). This study further finds that most of the existing knowledge content offer a synthesis research on the role of urban green spaces in evaluating the quantitative aspects. There are also a variety of studies highlighted the importance of green spaces for public health. Relatively speaking, domestic literature rarely introduced the concept of the equity into urban green spaces. Therefore, the primary goal of this study is to discuss a number of green spaces indicators and socioeconomic status variables together, for developing a framework of equity issue.

First of all, this study mainly focuses on the socially vulnerable groups, adopts the measurement standard of "Equity". Taipei Metropolitan Area is used as a case study and based on the scale of districts. Moreover, urban green spaces are further divided into two different urban green space compositions, which are official and all urban green spaces within the research area. This research uses spatial statistics tools to find the appropriate indicators in Taipei Metropolitan Area among different spatial characteristics of green spaces and socio-economic variables, in order to establish an assessment framework for the equity and observe spatial distribution patterns of two factors. Ultimately, the results from the research can be used to establish an equity map related to urban green spaces, and then divided 37 districts into three levels of the equity value, so as to identify areas that should be improved, in terms of the perspective of the socially vulnerable groups.

The results of study show that there are regions where face greenspaces-related equity problems, such as surrounding suburbs and the areas with earlier development. In addition, this study further reveals that natural green spaces have complementary functions, and are significant in terms of inequity reduction. As a whole, within the scope of the variables and equity discussed in this study, there is no significant difference in the conditions of green spaces owned by various socio-economic groups. Compared with foreign countries, there is also no obvious inequity of green spaces in the research range. Thus, in the future, this study suggest that cities have to carry out planning and design improvement for promoting the equity of green spaces in urban communities. On the other hand, it perhaps important to consider valuing all kinds of urban green spaces, encouraging society to have a broader understanding of urban green spaces and pay more attention on natural green spaces. Furthermore, this study expects to exert substantial value and be useful in references for future decision-making process, to provide a more suitable living environment through urban green spaces for residents, and finally reach an equity, healthy and sustainable society.
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 4
第三節 研究範圍界定 5
第四節 研究概念與流程 6

第二章 文獻回顧 11
第一節 都市綠地 11
第二節 都市綠地空間特徵 16
第三節 都市綠地之公平性 28
第四節 小結 33

第三章 研究設計 37
第一節 實證研究架構 37
第二節 研究基礎資料建置 40
第三節 指標項目選取與建置 49
第四節 空間及統計分析方法 59

第四章 研究資料之空間分布 63
第一節 臺北都會區法定都市綠地 63
第二節 臺北都會區整體都市綠地 67
第三節 臺北都會區社會經濟地位 71

第五章 公平性評估與結果討論 75
第一節 社經地位與綠地空間特徵之關係 75
第二節 社經地位與綠地空間特徵之疊圖分析 78

第六章 結論與建議 99
第一節 研究結論 99
第二節 研究限制 101
第三節 研究建議 102

參考文獻 105

附錄一 臺北都會區法定都市綠地特徵變項彙整表 121
附錄二 臺北都會區整體都市綠地特徵變項彙整表 123
附錄三 臺北都會區社會經濟地位變項彙整表 125
附錄四 法定綠地之主成分分析檢驗過程及數據列表 127
附錄五 整體綠地之主成分分析檢驗過程及數據列表 131
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