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研究生:陳昱伶
研究生(外文):CHEN,YU-LING
論文名稱:小花蔓澤蘭空間分布與地景空間格局之關係
論文名稱(外文):The Relationship between the Spatial Distribution of Mikania micrantha and the Landscape Spatial Pattern
指導教授:王之佑
指導教授(外文):WANG,CHIH-YU
口試委員:葉佳宗林祥偉王之佑
口試委員(外文):YEH,CHIA-TSUNGLIN,SHYANG-WOEIWANG,CHIH-YU
口試日期:2020-07-23
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北大學
系所名稱:自然資源與環境管理研究所
學門:環境保護學門
學類:環境資源學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2020
畢業學年度:108
語文別:中文
論文頁數:147
中文關鍵詞:空間分析景觀指數土地利用
外文關鍵詞:Spatial analysisLandscape metricsLand use
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人類歷代土地利用 導致外來種入侵。百大外來入侵種—小花蔓澤蘭 (Mikania micrantha H. B. K.)已蔓延全台,尤其是台灣西南部。因為台南市、高雄市是發展很早的城市,所以土地開墾很多,原生環境破碎化程度很高 ,甚至幾乎消失。因此,本研究利用空間分析方法—最近鄰階層分析 、空間相關性局部指標, 針對台南市、高雄市的小花蔓澤蘭分布進行分析,以瞭解小花蔓澤蘭分布情況。空間分析結果為台南市最群聚的地點只有一個;高雄市最群聚的地點有兩個,然而,空間局部自相關性的分析結果為台南市有 16個顯著群聚;高雄市只有 8個顯著群聚,台南市群聚型態四種皆有,而高雄市群聚型態只有三種。過去多數研究指出外來種入侵與土地利用有關。因此,本研究針對小花蔓澤蘭與地景進行相關性分析,接著進一步透過迴歸分析解釋。研究結果表示台南市與高雄 市小花蔓澤蘭與土地利用有顯著相關,但小花蔓澤蘭數量與覆蓋度與土地利用沒有必然的線性關係,所以無法透過土地管理控制小花蔓澤蘭的量,但可透過土地管理避免小花蔓澤蘭擴散。最後,綜合上述結果提出藉由土地管理來控制小花蔓澤蘭的措施。
Changes of the land use type may cause the invasion of alien species. Mikania micrantha H. B. K. is listed among the top100 worst alien invasive Species and has spread throughout Taiwan, especially in southwestern Taiwan. Because Tainan City and Kaohsiung City developed much earlier than others in Taiwan, the original environment is highly fragmented or even disappears through extensive land reclamation. We analyze the distribution of Mikania micrantha to understand the invasion condition of Mikania micrantha in Tainan City and Kaohsiung City. Nearest neighbor hierarchical clustering method (NNH) and local indicators of spatial association method (LISA) are the two spatial analysis approach used in this study. The results indicated one most clustered place in Tainan City and two in Kaohsiung City. However, the results of LISA analysis shows that there are 16 significant clusters in Tainan City and 8 significant clusters in Kaohsiung City. Tainan City has four types of clusters, while Kaohsiung City has only three types of clusters.
A lot of past studies have reported that alien species invasion is related to land use type. We used Pearson correlation and multiple linear regression analysis to measure the relationship bwtween Mikania micrantha (Y) and different landscape parameters (Xs). The results indicated that Mikania micrantha in both cities and the land use type were related, but the linear relationships were uncertion. Therefore, land management can control the spreading but not the amount of Mikania micrantha. Finally, some measures to control Mikania micrantha by land management were proposed based on the results.
謝誌 i
摘要 ii
圖目錄 iv
表目錄 vi
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景 1
第二節 研究動機與目的 4
第三節 研究流程與架構 6
第二章 文獻回顧 11
第一節 外來種植物定義及生態影響 11
第二節 小花蔓澤蘭背景說明 14
第三節 土地利用對外來種引進的影響 17
第四節 土地利用組成與結構對外來種的影響 19
第五節 土地利用歷史對外來植物的影響 20
第六節 小結 23
第三章 研究方法 27
第一節 研究區域概述 27
第二節 研究方法 30
第三節 分析工具 43
第四章 結果與討論 45
第一節 空間分析 45
第二節 關聯性分析 58
一、小花蔓澤蘭「數量」與土地利用之關係 58
二、小花蔓澤蘭「覆蓋度」與其他環境條件、土地利用之關係 66
第三節 討論 83
第五章 結論與建議 85
參考文獻 87
英文文獻 87
中文文獻 101
網路資料 102
附錄一、 103

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