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研究生:黃立元
研究生(外文):Wayne Li-Yuan Huang
論文名稱:自由的末日寓言:峇里島的數位遊牧
論文名稱(外文):Apocalyptic Allegory of Freedom: Digital Nomads in Bali
指導教授:林開世林開世引用關係
指導教授(外文):Kai-Shyh Lin
口試委員:蔡晏霖趙恩潔
口試委員(外文):Yen-Ling TsaiEn-Chieh Chao
口試日期:2020-07-29
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:人類學研究所
學門:人文學門
學類:人類學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2020
畢業學年度:108
語文別:中文
論文頁數:103
中文關鍵詞:數位遊牧新自由主義式的自我峇里西方的人類學Covid-19
外文關鍵詞:digital nomadneoliberal selfBalianthropology of the WestCovid-19
DOI:10.6342/NTU202003209
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:784
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
本研究探討一群來自歐美國家、自稱數位遊牧(digital nomads)的青年遠距工作者如何透過網路與通訊科技(ICTs)在印尼峇里島實踐新型態的「自由」,以及隱身在這種「自由」背後的風險與後果。全球北方-南方跨域移動所創造出來的額外消費力,許諾了遊牧者在東南亞優渥的生活,但這幅寰宇主義(cosmopolitanism)式的理想藍圖卻也危機四伏。綜合線下與線上的田野工作成果,我將(一)以生存體制(regimes of living)為方法考察數位遊牧仰賴的特定技術與政治條件;(二)從規模化(scalability)和品牌化(branding)的角度呈現遊牧者在兩個峇里城鎮打造的共同工作空間;(三)分析共同工作空間中的遊牧者如何以新自由主義的邏輯理解「社群」,而「社群」又如何培養樂觀卻脆弱的企業家自我;(四)描述2020年上半年新型冠狀病毒(COVID-19)疫情期間,峇里的遊牧社群分崩離析的經過,並指出這場災難之所以難以挽回,可能與遊牧者認識世界的方式有密切的關聯。
Digital nomad (DN), a new type of transnational expatriate working remotely in the Global South via information and communication technologies, has become a significant trend among Euro-American youths. Based on my offline fieldwork in Bali, Indonesia, and online participant observations, I attempt to (1) reveal the regimes of living of DN, namely, the technological, political and ethical conditions that enable their pursuit of cosmopolitan freedom in Bali; (2) illustrate their daily life in co-working spaces in two Balinese towns ethnographically, and indicate the potential risk behind this seemingly scalable project; (3) analyze the cultural logic of DN communities through the making of neoliberal self; (4) discuss how the account of Covid-19 led to the sorrowful aftermath of DN communities in Bali, which, I suggest, has its roots in DN's “Western” ideology.
謝辭 i
摘要 iii
目錄 v
圖目錄 vii
表目錄 viii
第一章 緒論:他們的人生,我們的時代 1
第一節、前言 1
第二節、遊牧者的親緣系譜 3
第三節、理論進路與方法 9
一、以組裝體思考「全球」 10
二、「西方」的人類學 12
三、當寰宇主義遇上東南亞國家 14
四、田野方法 15
第四節、章節安排 16
第二章 矛盾的跨國移動:數位遊牧的生存體制 17
第一節、前言 17
第二節、地理套利的啟示 19
第三節、有線與無線之間 22
第四節、合法與非法之間 27
第五節、小結 30
第三章 熱帶島嶼的辦公室:四個共同工作空間、兩個城鎮、一個品牌 32
第一節、前言 32
第二節、長谷:濱海小鎮的興起 34
一、「前哨」空間 36
二、「道場」空間 41
第三節、烏布:遊牧聖地的誕生 45
一、「大蒜」空間 46
二、「樞紐」空間 49
第四節、小結 52
第四章 創業家的部落:新自由主義的自我與社群 55
第一節、前言 55
第二節、「部落」的邏輯 58
一、自我覺察的技藝 59
二、技能分享會中的交換 61
三、組裝關係 63
四、製造社群邊界 65
第三節、「脆弱」的遊牧者 67
第四節、小結 69
第五章 當天堂分崩離析:瘟疫與雲端的政治 70
第一節、前言 70
第二節、瘟疫蔓延時 73
一、「安全」的峇里? 73
二、逃離與滯留 76
三、社群在雲端 78
四、多尺度的疫情治理 81
第三節、小結 84
第六章 結論:Lempuyang的天堂之鏡 86
引用文獻 92
附錄:遊牧者的書架 102
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