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研究生:劉怡甫
研究生(外文):Yi-Fu Liu
論文名稱:華人威權領導如何與何時影響部屬建言?中介與調節機制之探討
論文名稱(外文):How and when does Chinese Authoritarian Leadership Influence Subordinate Voice? The Exploration of Mediating and Moderating Mechanisms
指導教授:吳宗祐吳宗祐引用關係葉穎蓉葉穎蓉引用關係
指導教授(外文):Tsung-Yu WuYing-Jung Yeh
口試委員:楊君琦張譯尹陳崇文
口試委員(外文):Chun-Chi YangYi-Ying ChangChung-Wen Chen
口試日期:2020-07-20
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立臺灣科技大學
系所名稱:企業管理系
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2020
畢業學年度:108
語文別:中文
論文頁數:98
中文關鍵詞:威權領導建言心理安全主管-部屬關係專權領導尚嚴領導促進性建言抑制性建言
外文關鍵詞:Authoritarian leadershipvoicepsychological safetyupervisor-subordinateguanxiJuan-chiuan leadershipShang-yan leadershippromotive voiceprohibitive voice
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本研究旨在探討部屬心理安全是否中介威權領導與部屬建言之間的關係,並探究主管部屬關係是否會調節上述中介效果。本研究以兩個研究來探究上述問題;研究一將威權領導與建言行為皆視為一元構念,並針對威權領導與建言行為之關係,探討上述心理安全的中介效果與主管-部屬關係的調節效果。研究二則將威權領導區分為專權與尚嚴領導,並將建言行為分為促進性與抑制性建言,以探討兩組二元建構之關係中,心理安全的中介效果與主管-部屬關係的調節效果。兩個研究皆透過調查研究法,從台灣企業中收集資料。研究一發出171組主管-部屬對偶、跨時點問卷,研究二則發出250組主管-部屬對偶問卷。研究一的結果發現:部屬心理安全在威權領導與部屬建言之負向關係中會產生中介效果,而主管-部屬關係會對此中介效果產生調節效果。研究二的結果顯示:部屬心理安全在專權領導與部屬建言(促進性、抑制性)之負向關係中,以及在尚嚴領導與部屬建言之正向關係中,皆會產生中介效果;但是,主管-部屬關係只會對「專權領導-部屬心理安全-部屬建言」之負向中介歷程產生調節效果,不會對「尚嚴領導-部屬心理安全-部屬建言」之正向中介歷程產生調節效果。最後,本研究將討論理論與實務意涵,以及研究限制與進一步研究方向。
The purpose of this study is to explore whether subordinate psychological safety mediates the relationship between authoritarian leadership and subordinate voice, and whether supervisor–subordinate guanxi will moderate this mediating effect. In Study 1, I consider both authoritarian leadership and voice behavior as one-dimensional constructs. I investigate the mediating effect of psychological safety and the moderating effect of supervisor-subordinate guanxi on the authoritarian the leadership - voice behavior relationship. In Study 2, I consider both authoritarian leadership and voice behavior as two-dimensional constructs; specifically, the authoritarian leadership is divided into Juan-chiuan and Shang-yan leadership, and the subordinate voice behavior is divided into promotive and prohibitive voice. I examine the mediating effect of psychological safety and the moderating effect of supervisor-subordinate guanxi on the relationship between these two sets of two-dimensional variables (i.e., authoritarian leadership and voice behavior). The two studies collected data from Taiwan enterprises through survey method. In Study 1, I collected 171 supervisor-subordinate dyadic, time-lagged data; in Study 2, I obtained 250 supervisor-subordinate dyadic data. The results of Study 1 demonstrated that the psychological safety mediates the negative relationship between authoritarian leadership and subordinate voice, and that the supervisor-subordinate guanxi moderates this mediating effect. The results of Study 2 showed that the psychological safety mediates the negative relationship between Juan-chiuan leadership and subordinate voice (i.e., both promotive and prohibitive voice, respectively) as well as the positive relationship between Shang-yan leadership and subordinate voice. However, the supervisor-subordinate guanxi only moderates the negative mediating process of “Juan-chiuan leadership-psychologycal safety – voice behavior”, not the positive mediating process of “Juan-chiuan leadership-psychologycal safety-voice behavior”. I discussed the theoretical and practical implications as well as the limitations and further research directions at the end.
中文摘要 Ⅰ
英文摘要 Ⅱ
誌 謝 Ⅲ
目 次 Ⅴ
表圖目次 Ⅶ
第一章 緒論 1
第二章 研究一 6
第一節 文獻回顧與假設 6
壹 社會交換理論 6
貳 建言行為 7
參 威權領導 10
肆 心理安全的中介效果 12
伍 主管-部屬關係的調節效果 14
第二節 研究方法 18
壹 研究對象與程序 18
貳 研究變相的衡量 18
參 統計分析方法 20
第三節 研究結果 21
壹 驗證性因素分析 22
貳 敘述統計、信度分析、相關係數矩陣 22
參 假設檢驗 23
第四節 討論 29
第三章 研究二 30
第一節 文獻回顧與假設 30
壹 建言行為二元觀點:促進性與抑制性建言 30
貳 威權領導二元觀點:專權與尚嚴領導 31
參 二元觀點下之心理安全中介效果 35
肆 二元觀點下之主管-部屬關係調節效果 39
第二節 研究方法 43
壹 研究對象與程序 43
貳 研究變相的衡量 43
參 統計分析方法 45
第三節 研究結果 46
壹 驗證性因素分析 46
貳 敘述統計、信度分析、相關係數矩陣 48
參 假設檢驗 48
第四節 討論 56
第四章 綜合討論 57
第一節 理論意涵 57
第二節 實務意涵 59
第三節 研究限制與未來研究方向 60
參考文獻 63
問卷題項 86
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