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研究生:張元瀚
研究生(外文):Yuan-Han Chang
論文名稱:室內定位技術於不同場域之評估研究
論文名稱(外文):Researching on Evaluation of Indoor Positioning Technologies in Different Fields
指導教授:黃世禎黃世禎引用關係
指導教授(外文):Sun-Jen Huang
口試委員:魏小蘭劉俞志
口試委員(外文):Hsiao-Lan WeiYu-Chih Liu
口試日期:2019-06-25
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣科技大學
系所名稱:資訊管理系
學門:電算機學門
學類:電算機一般學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2020
畢業學年度:108
語文別:中文
論文頁數:96
中文關鍵詞:室內定位技術WiFiBeaconZigBeeUWB
外文關鍵詞:Indoor Positioning TechnologiesWiFiBeaconZigBeeUWB
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近年來以空間位置為基礎(Location Based Services)的應用服務日漸普及,
定位服務逐漸深入每個人的生活,相較於戶外 GPS 成熟的發展,在室內卻是較少
提及,因為 GPS 無法在室內使用,並且室內的環境變化較大,使得無線訊號容易
受到不同程度的干擾,因此室內定位技術目前有許多的方案。過往關於室內定位
的文獻大多都在探討硬體的設計或精準度提升等技術面的討論與研究,較少針對
室內定位技術於不同場域的探討及哪些可評估的因素,故本研究透過不同實際場
域的試驗,結合不同構面的評估指標,探討不同的定位技術於各場域的優缺點及
可行性。研究結果顯示 WiFi 定位在成本及時間構面會略佔優勢,但在品質構面
就相對較差,Beacon 在佈建上分為電線及電池供電兩種方式,這兩種佈建方式
會導致成本及時間構面上有較大落差,但是品質能保有較佳的水準,ZigBee 與
UWB 等兩種技術目前不支援手機,因此需要專屬的設備進行定位,導致硬體成本
較高,但是在空曠的場域下則能減少佈建的數量,UWB 的技術更是能達到公分級
的精準度,這個優勢是目前其他技術較難達到的,最後研究彙整各個場域的資料,
不同的室內定位技術都有其優勢及劣勢,實際上要使用何種定位技術,還是需要
依照各自的考量來選擇。
In recent years, The Location Based Services has become more popular. The
positioning service has gradually penetrated into everyone's life. Compared with the
mature development of outdoor GPS, it is less mentioned indoors because GPS cannot
be indoors. The use of indoor environment changes greatly, making wireless signals
susceptible to different degrees of interference, so there is not a mature technology with
indoor positioning。In the past, The technical aspects of hardware design and accuracy
was discussed the most often and less on the discussion of indoor positioning
technology in different fields and valuation factor,The Research will make the
experiment and combined with the different evaluation indicators.To explores the
advantages and disadvantages and feasibility of different positioning techniques in
different fields.
The results show that using WiFi positioning in the environment where wireless
network is available has advantage in cost and time aspect, but it is not as good as other
technologies in quality aspect. Beacon is divided into wire and battery power. These
two ways will cause a big difference in cost and deployment, but they can remain a
better quality. ZigBee and UWB do not currently support mobile phones, so special
devices are required for positioning, resulting in higher hardware costs, but the number
of deployments can be reduced in an open and large area. UWB technology is cm-level
accuracy. This advantage is difficult to achieve from other technology and compare the
score of each fields with different technology. There are own advantages and
disadvantages in different technology. In fact, the type of positioning technology will
choose by the consideration that the user needs.
目錄
摘要 ................................................................................................................................ I
Abstract .......................................................................................................................... II
致謝 .............................................................................................................................. III
目錄 .............................................................................................................................. IV
圖目錄 .......................................................................................................................... VI
表目錄 ........................................................................................................................ VIII
第一章 緒論 ................................................................................................................. 1
1.1 研究背景與動機............................................................................................ 1
1.2 研究目的........................................................................................................ 3
1.3 研究流程........................................................................................................ 4
第二章 文獻探討 ......................................................................................................... 5
2.1 室內定位技術................................................................................................ 5
2.2 室內定位方法.............................................................................................. 13
2.3 室內定位技術比較...................................................................................... 18
2.4 室內定位技術品質要求.............................................................................. 19
第三章 研究方法 ....................................................................................................... 21
3.1 研究模型...................................................................................................... 21
3.2 評估指標...................................................................................................... 22
3.3 資料收集...................................................................................................... 23
3.4 指標欄位說明.............................................................................................. 24
V

3.5 實驗場域描述.............................................................................................. 30
3.6 專家訪談設計.............................................................................................. 33
第四章 研究結果 ....................................................................................................... 34
4.1 創鈺辦公室導入室內定位評估.................................................................. 34
4.2 台中榮總健檢中心導入室內定位評估...................................................... 50
4.3 環宇倉儲導入室內定位評估...................................................................... 62
4.4 各場域導入室內定位總結.......................................................................... 74
4.5 專家訪談大綱.............................................................................................. 76
第五章 結論與建議 ................................................................................................... 79
5.1 研究結論...................................................................................................... 79
5.2 研究貢獻...................................................................................................... 80
5.3 研究限制...................................................................................................... 81
5.4 未來研究...................................................................................................... 82
參考文獻 ..................................................................................................................... 83
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