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研究生:彭畢恩
研究生(外文):PITTINUN PUNTHA
論文名稱(外文):A Study of Anchor Economy: The Case of Thailand
指導教授(外文):PO-CHIH LEECHIAN-HSUENG CHAO
口試委員(外文):MIN-HSIN HUANGCHIEN-HSING WU
口試日期:2020-05-05
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄大學
系所名稱:國際企業管理碩士學位學程
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2020
畢業學年度:108
語文別:英文
論文頁數:116
外文關鍵詞:Anchor EconomyMigrant WorkersPEST analysisGravity ModelThailand
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A Study of Anchor Economy: The Case of Thailand

Advisors: Professor Po-Chih Lee, Ph.D.
Department of Asia-Pacific Industrial and Business Management
National University of Kaohsiung

Professor Chian-Hsueng Chao, Ph.D.
Department of Information Management
National University of Kaohsiung

Student: Pittinun Puntha
International Master of Business Administration
National University of Kaohsiung

Abstract

This study investigates the sources in the Anchor Economy. Annual time series data for the period 2008-2018 were collected from the Thailand Office of the Ministry of Labor, Thailand Customs Department, United Nations, and World Bank's World Development Indicators 2018. The variables of the study were GDP of Thailand and 5 neighboring countries, trade, investment, development, migrant workers activity. The PEST analysis framework is used to identify major issues in the business environment inside the country.
The PEST analysis shown information about political factor’s that more stable, have clearly plan strategy, and have policy for sustainable growth in the future. Economic factors can see the numbers from World Bank that shown about Thailand GDP is steady increase and sure. Social factor that’s shown about the various holiday, foods, life style, socialization, and cultures of Thailand and Myanmar, Laos, and Cambodia are very similar, that is one reason why a huge of migrant workers from that country popular come to work in Thailand. Technology factors have master plan for Thailand 4.0 for support about agriculture and bio-tech, health and medical technology, and have technology for support migrant workers in Thailand such as telecommunications, and remittances money back to home country.
The government of Thailand should put policies about promote medical tourism industry, promote rich tourism industry, give more precedence about Thailand - neighboring countries border trade and economic relations, and improve more efficiency migrant workers activity system.
Keywords: Anchor Economy, Migrant Workers, PEST analysis, Gravity Model, Thailand

Table of Contents

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT……………………………………….…………………….I
ABSTRACT……………………………………………...…………..……………….II
TABLE OF CONTENTS…………………………………………………………….III
LIST OF FIGURES………………..………………….………..………….….……..VI
LIST OF TABLES………………………..………..….….……………….………..VII

CHAPTERS PAGES
1. INTRODUCTION…………………………………………………….……….1
I. Background Information ………………………...……………………1
II. Main purpose of the Study…………...………………………………..9
III. Flow Chart ……………………………………………………..…….10
IV. Expansion of Flow Chart of the Study ……………………………....11


2. REVIEW OF LITERATURES………………………………………………12
I. Classical Model of Economic Growth……………………………….12
II. Basic Neoclassical (Solow) Model ……………………..…………..14
III. Economic Development ……………………………………..……...15
IV. The Gravity Model …………………………………….…………….16
V. Economy of Thailand ………………………………………………..21
A. Overview Economy of Thailand ……………....…………..21
B. Thailand Exports - Imports ………………………..………26
VI. Economy of Malaysia ………………………………………………..28
A. Overview Economy of Malaysia……………….…………..28
B. Malaysia Exports - Imports ………………………..………30
VII. Economy of Cambodia ……………………………………………..30
A. Overview Economy of Cambodia ……………....…..……..30
B. Cambodia Exports - Imports ………………………………31
VIII. Economy of Lao PDR ……………………………………………..33
A. Overview Economy of Lao PDR ……………...…………..33
B. Lao PDR Exports - Imports …………….…………………34
IX. Economy of Myanmar ………………………………….…………..35
A. Overview Economy of Myanmar …………….......………..35
B. Myanmar Exports - Imports ………………………………36
X. Economy of Vietnam………..…………………………...…………..38
A. Overview Economy of Vietnam ……………….…………..38
B. Vietnam Exports - Imports ……………………………...…39
XI. Thailand’s Border Trade with Neighboring Countries ………….…..40
XII. Migrant Workers in Thailand ………..…...……………………...…..41
XIII. The PEST analysis ………..…...………………………………...…..42

3. RESEARCH METHOD...……….…………………………………...………44
I. The PEST Analysis ……………………………………….…..……..44
II. The Gravity model……………………………………….…………..44
III. Data……………………………………………….………………….45
IV. Research Framework ………………………………….……………..46

4. MAJOR FINDINGS …………………………………………….…………...47
I. PEST Analysis of Thailand …………….……………………..…......47
A. Thailand’s Political Analysis ...……………………………47
B. Thailand’s Economic Analysis ……………………….……59
C. Thailand’s Social Analysis ……………………..………….62
D. Thailand’s Technology Analysis...…….…………...……....66
II. Thailand’s GDP with 5 Neighboring Countries ……………………..69
III. Thailand Exports & Imports with 5 Neighboring Countries…………71
IV. Investment and Developing in Thailand …………………………….78
V. Thailand Migration……………………………………………….…..83

5. CONCOULDING REMARKS …..……..………………………….……...92
I. Major Contributions ……….…………………….……………..…....92
A. PEST Analysis of Thailand ………..….……………….…..92
B. Thailand Exports & Imports with 5 Neighboring Countries 93
C. Migrant workers in Thailand ………………..……………..94
D. Conclusions …………………….………………………… 95
II. Major Suggestions ……………………………………………….…..96
III. Limitation of the Study ……………………………………………...99
IV. Further Study ………………………………………………………..99

REFERENCES ………………………………………………………….………...100

CURRICULUM VITAE ………………………………………………………… 106























List of Figures

FIGURES PAGES

Figure 1.1 Thailand Map ……………………………………………………………...2
Figure 1.2 Projection Investments into the EEC ……………………………………...4
Figure 1.3 Migrants worker sort out by industry.………………...…………………...6
Figure 1.4 Ranking in SDG index 2019.…………………..….……..………………...7
Figure 1.5 Flow Chart of the study .……………………..…...……………………...10
Figure 2.1 The Size of European Economies, and the Value of Their Trade………..18
Figure 3.1 Research Framework ……………………………………………...……..46
Figure 4.1 The Infographic about Overview Thailand Migration …………..…..…..85


















List of Tables

TABLES PAGES

Table 1.1 Number of Migrant Workers from 5 Neighboring Countries ………….…..5
Table 1.2 Gross Domestic Product (GDP)…………………………...………………..8
Table 1.3 GDP per capita………………………..…………………………...………..8
Table 2.1 Thailand Macroeconomic trends ………………………...………………..23
Table 2.2 Cars, motorbikes, parts and components export of Thailand ……...…….. 24
Table 2.3 Totals Thailand Exports & Imports of goods, and services.……..…...….. 28
Table 2.4 Malaysia Macroeconomic trends…………………………...……………..29
Table 2.5 Totals Malaysia Exports & Imports of goods, and services……………….30
Table 2.6 Cambodia Macroeconomic trends………………………………...……….31
Table 2.7 Totals Cambodia Exports & Imports of goods, and services……......…….32
Table 2.8 Lao PDR Macroeconomic trends………………………………………….34
Table 2.9 Totals Lao PDR Exports & Imports of goods, and services………………35
Table 2.10 Myanmar Macroeconomic trends……………………………….……….36
Table 2.11 Totals Myanmar Exports & Imports of goods, and services…….……….37
Table 2.12 Vietnam Macroeconomic trends…………………………………………39
Table 2.13 Totals Vietnam Exports & Imports of goods, and services ……….…….40
Table 4.1 Introduction to Political Environment of Thailand………………..………48
Table 4.2 Gross Domestic Product (GDP) Thailand with 5 Neighboring Countries...70
Table 4.3 GDP per capita Thailand with 5 Neighboring Countries……………….…70
Table 4.4 GDP growth rate Thailand with 5 Neighboring Countries………….…….70
Table 4.5 International Exports………………………………………………………70
Table 4.6 International Imports………………………………………………..……..71
Table 4.7 Number of Migrant Workers from 5 Neighboring Countries ……………71
Table 4.8 Totals Thailand Exports & Imports with Malaysia………………..………73
Table 4.9 Totals Thailand Exports & Imports with Cambodia………………………74
Table 4.10 Totals Thailand Exports & Imports with Lao PDR………..………….…75
Table 4.11 Totals Thailand Exports & Imports with Myanmar………………..…….76
Table 4.12 Totals Thailand Exports & Imports with Vietnam…………………..…...77
Table 4.13 Estimated non-Thai population residing and working in Thailand…...….84
Table 4.14 The economic impact of decreasing employment of migrant workers…..91

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