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研究生:江翊嫆
研究生(外文):CHIANG, I-YUNG
論文名稱:遊憩專門化、遊憩環境契合度與場所依戀關係之研究-以玉山登山者為例
論文名稱(外文):Research on the Relationship of Recreation Specialization, Recreationist-Environment Fit, and Place Attachment for Yushan Hikers
指導教授:郭彰仁郭彰仁引用關係
指導教授(外文):KUO, CHANG-JEN
口試委員:郭彰仁賴正能林建堯謝宗恒
口試委員(外文):KUO, CHANG-JENLAI, CHENG-NENGLIN, CHIEN-YAUHSIEH, CHUNG-HUNG
口試日期:2020-06-29
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立虎尾科技大學
系所名稱:休閒遊憩系碩士班
學門:民生學門
學類:觀光休閒學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2020
畢業學年度:108
語文別:中文
論文頁數:120
中文關鍵詞:玉山登山健行結構方程式中介變數路徑分析
外文關鍵詞:YushanMountain HikingStructural Equation ModelingMediatorsPath Analysis
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台灣地理環境資源豐富造就許多值得挑戰之山岳,而不論其難度,登山健行者於前往攀登時皆須評估自身能力與山岳是否相符。而同時不同的場所對於專門化程度不同者亦可能產生不同之認同感及依賴感。本研究旨於探討不同個人屬性之玉山主峰登山者對其遊憩專門化、遊憩環境契合度與場所依戀之差異,並探討三構面之關係。研究方法使用結構方程式探討三者之關係,並以網路問卷及紙本問卷同時進行發放,共得有效問卷407份,而後進行路徑分析;其結果顯示:(1) 登山者遊憩專門化程度對其遊憩環境契合度具顯著影響;(2) 登山者遊憩專門化程度對其場所依戀程度具顯著影響;(3)遊憩環境契合度對其場所依戀具顯著影響,並且根據本研究結果發現其遊憩專門化對於遊憩環境契合度與場所依戀具中介影響。
Taiwan’s rich geographical and environmental resources have created many mountains that are worthy of challenge. Regardless of their difficulty, mountain hikers must assess whether their ability is consistent with the mountains when they go climbing. At the same time, different places may have different identity and dependence for those with different levels of specialization. It purposes of this study is to explore the differences in Recreation Specialization, Recreationist-Environment Fit and Place Attachment of the Yushan main peak hikers with different personal attributes, and also explore the relationship between the three aspects. The research method used Structural Equation Modeling to explore the relationship between the three, and distributed both online questionnaires and paper questionnaires. A total of 407 valid questionnaires were obtained and followed by path analysis. The results showed that: (1) The degree of Recreation Specialization of Recreationist-Environment Fit has a significant effect; (2) Recreation Specialization of hikers has a significant effect on Place Attachment; (3) Recreationist-Environment Fit has a significant effect on Place Attachment. According to the results of this study, Recreation Specialization has a mediating effect on Recreationist-Environment Fit and Place Attachment.
摘要.............i
Abstract........ii
誌謝............iii
目錄............iv
表目錄..........vii
圖目錄...........ix

第一章 緒論.......1
1.1研究背景與動機..1
1.2研究目的.......3
1.3研究限制.......3
1.3.1研究地點.....3
1.3.2 研究對象....3
1.4研究流程.......4
1.5名詞釋義.......5
1.5.1台灣百岳.....5
1.5.2登山者.......5
1.5.3遊憩專門化....6
1.5.4遊憩環境契合度.6
1.5.5場所依戀....6

第二章 文獻探討...7
2.1遊憩專門化.....7
2.1.1 遊憩專門化定義及測量...7
2.1.2小結........12
2.2遊憩環境契合度.13
2.2.1 遊憩環境契合度定義及測量...13
2.2.2 小結.......19
2.3場所依戀.......20
2.3.1 場所依戀之定義及測量......20
2.3.2小結.....................24
2.4遊憩專門化與遊憩環境契合度之關係探討.....25
2.5遊憩專門化與場所依戀之關係探討..........26
2.6遊憩環境契合度與場所依戀之關係探討.......27


第三章 研究方法...28
3.1研究架構......28
3.2研究假設......29
3.3研究工具......31
3.3.1問卷設計....31
3.4研究對象......36
3.5研究方法......36
3.5.1抽樣方法....36
3.5.2資料分析方法....36
3.6問卷預試......38
3.6.1遊憩專門化預試之結果.39
3.6.2遊憩環境契合度預試之結果....40
3.6.3場所依戀預試之結果...41
3.7問卷預試結果與討論.....41

第四章 分析結果.....42
4.1 登山者個人屬性...42
4.2 資料結構常態性檢定...45
4.2.1 遊憩專門化資料結構常態性檢定.........46
4.2.2 遊憩環境契合度資料結構常態性檢定......47
4.2.3 場所依戀資料結構常態性檢定....48
4.3 個人屬性對各變項之差異性分析.....49
4.3.1登山者個人屬性對其遊憩專門化程度之差異性分析....49
4.3.2 登山者個人屬性對遊憩環境契合度之差異性分析....52
4.3.3 登山者個人屬性對場所依戀之差異性分析.........54
4.4 測量模式建構.......56
4.4.1 遊憩專門化測量模式建構......57
4.4.2 遊憩環境契合度測量模式建構...62
4.4.3 場所依戀測量模式建構.........67
4.5 結構模式建構...73
4.5.1 配適度分析...74
4.5.2 路徑分析.....76

第五章 結論與建議.....78
5.1 研究發現與討論......78
5.1.1 個人屬性對其遊憩專門化、遊憩環境契合度與場所依戀是否具顯著差異....78
5.1.2探討遊憩專門化、遊憩環境契合度與場所依戀之相關性.................79
5.1.3建構遊憩專門化、遊憩環境契合度與場所依戀之關係圖.................79
5.1.4 瞭解遊憩專門化是否對於遊憩環境契合度與場所依戀造成中介影響.......79
5.1.5 研究假設之驗證......80
5.2 研究貢獻與建議........82
5.2.1 學術貢獻與建議......82
5.2.2 實務貢獻與建議......84
5.3 研究限制.............86
5.3.1 研究樣本限制........86
5.3.2 研究時間限制........86

參考文獻.........87
附錄一-預試問卷..96
附錄二-正式問卷...100
Extended Abstract.104

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