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研究生:郭修誠
研究生(外文):Kuo, Hsiu Chen
論文名稱:對自我及孩子的目標落差與中年癌症倖存者之情緒的關係
論文名稱(外文):The relationship between self and child's goal discrepancy and emotions of middle-aged cancer survivors
指導教授:曾幼涵曾幼涵引用關係
指導教授(外文):Tseng, Yu Han
口試委員:涂珮瓊劉乃誌
口試委員(外文):Tu, Pei ChiungLiu, Nai Chih
口試日期:2020-06-30
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:東吳大學
系所名稱:心理學系
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:心理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2020
畢業學年度:108
語文別:中文
論文頁數:77
中文關鍵詞:中年罹癌目標調適自我落差正負向情緒
外文關鍵詞:Cancer in middle agegoal adjustmentself-discrepancypositive/negative emotions
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癌症在台灣已經連續38年為十大死因之首,而且在過去的許多研究中都說明了癌症帶給患者的心理適應有很大的衝擊,不僅如此,癌症對於患者與家庭成員之間也有著不小的影響。因此,本研究以目標調適及自我落差兩個概念來探究中年罹癌倖存者在生病前後的目標轉變與情緒之間的關聯性,以及,中年罹癌倖存者對自己的理想期望與現實期望之間的落差,與情緒的關聯為何?再者,以華人文化中的家庭延續脈絡出發,試著探討中年罹癌倖存者對孩子的期望在生病前後如何改變,以及這樣的改變對於患者的情緒有何關聯?以及,中年罹癌倖存者對孩子的理想目標與知覺到孩子實際行爲之間的落差,與患者本身情緒的關聯性為何?
本研究至林口長庚醫院收案,通過倫理審查委員會的審核之後,在合作的醫師門診時段收案,並經由研究助理轉介合適個案,共收案52位。收案方式為利用個案候診時間進行問卷填答,在取得個案之受訪者同意書之後,再請個案填寫自我落差問卷以及情緒形容詞問卷。
研究結果顯示(一)中年癌症倖存者生病前後的目標有明顯轉變,生病前為成就目標最多,生病後則是以健康為最主要的目標。而目標轉變的程度並未與情緒有顯著相關,但是有趨勢存在,中年罹癌倖存者在生病前後的目標轉變越少,負向情緒越高;(二)中年罹癌倖存者在生病前的自我落差與情緒無關,生病後的自我落差與情緒有顯著相關,自我落差越大,負向情緒越高;(三)中年罹癌倖存者對孩子的目標並沒有顯著轉變,與患者本身的情緒也沒有顯著相關,但仍有趨勢存在,如果中年罹癌倖存者對孩子的目標在生病前後轉變越多,正向情緒也越多;(四)中年罹癌倖存者在生病前後對孩子的理想目標與知覺到孩子實際行為之間的落差與患者本身的情緒並未有顯著相關。
Cancer has been the top 10 causing death in Taiwan for 38 years, studies had laid out that the cancer brought great impact to the patients so does their family members. The present study used the concepts of goal adjustment and self-discrepancy to investigate people in the mid-age that their alteration of mental condition between emotions and their goal changing before and after they recovered from cancer, survivors' emotional relativities between the discrepancy of their ideal goal and real life situation. Also, the study tried to examine survivors’ thoughts and change toward expectations of their children before and after they recovered from cancer, and their emotional changing between the discrepancy of ideal expectation and the realization of real situation of survivors’ children.
The findings showed that survivors’ personal goals have significantly changed after recovering from cancer. Health issues become their priority things to care about. And there’s no significant differences relate to their emotion. However, if survivors have little change of their objective, their negative emotion might become higher. The finding revealed that there’s no relativity between survivors’ self-discrepancy and survivors’ emotion before they get sick, however, there’s significantly related after they recovered from cancer. The higher their self-discrepancy they felt, the higher their negative emotions they might have. Also, the result laid out that there’s no significant changed of survivors that their expectations toward their children as well as the emotions survivors’ themselves. However, more changes a survivor have, the much positive emotions it will be. Last but not least, the result showed that there’s no significant related of survivors that the discrepancy between survivors’ expectation toward their children, the real situation of their children and the emotion of survivors themselves.
第壹章、 緒論1
第一節、 研究動機1
第二節、 研究目的3
第貳章、 文獻回顧5
第一節、 中年罹癌患者的目標轉變5
一、 中年階段的發展5
二、 中年罹癌患者的目標調適9
第二節、 華人文化下,對子女期望與知覺行為對罹癌父母之影響12
第三節、 自我落差與負向情緒之關聯15
第四節、 研究問題與研究假設22
第參章、 研究方法24
第一節、 研究對象24
第二節、 研究工具25
第三節、 研究程序28
第四節、 資料分析28
第肆章、 研究結果30
第一節、 罹癌倖存者生病前後的目標轉變差異分析與情緒關聯性30
第二節、 罹癌倖存者生病前後自我落差、對孩子期望落差與情緒之分析33
第伍章、 綜合討論42
第一節、 研究結果討論43
一、 自我目標相似度與情緒的關係43
二、 對孩子的目標相似度與情緒的關係45
三、 罹癌倖存者對自己的自我落差與對孩子期望落差的影響47
第二節、 研究貢獻49
第三節、 研究限制49
一、 研究設計與方法49
二、 研究樣本49
參考文獻50
中文部分50
英文部分52
附錄一、 研究問卷56
附錄二、 患者對自己的目標卡62
附錄三、 患者對孩子的目標卡67


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