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研究生:黃騰億
研究生(外文):HUANG, TENG-YI
論文名稱:大學生分手事件、分手社會意義感與分手適應之相關研究
論文名稱(外文):A study of correlation among break-ups, social meaning, and post-breakup adaptation in college students
指導教授:修慧蘭修慧蘭引用關係
指導教授(外文):XIU, HUI-LAN
口試委員:曾幼涵蔡素妙
口試委員(外文):ZENG, YOU-HANCAI, SU-MIAO
口試日期:2020-06-19
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:東吳大學
系所名稱:心理學系
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:心理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2020
畢業學年度:108
語文別:中文
論文頁數:120
中文關鍵詞:大學生分手事件分手社會意義感分手適應
外文關鍵詞:undergraduates college studentsbreak-up eventssocial meaning of break-upspost-breakup adaptation
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本研究目的旨在探究現今大學生的分手事件、分手社會意義感與分手適應之間的關聯。採方便取樣的網路問卷調查法,研究對象為584位目前正就讀大專院校大學部的在學學生,年齡介於18至25歲的未婚者,並於大學在學期間曾有分手經驗,且此段感情維持至少三個月以上。
研究工具包含翻譯的「The Social Meaning in Life Events Scale」、「分手後復原與成長量表」及自編的分手事件問卷。研究者以SPSS 23.0套裝統計軟體作資料處理,以描述性統計、單因子單變量變異數分析、皮爾森積差相關、階層迴歸分析等方法進行統計考驗。
主要的研究結果:一、大學生不同的分手原因在分手社會意義感的社會性認同上有顯著差異。二、大學生的分手距今時間在分手社會意義感的社會性否定上有顯著負相關。三、大學生目前是否有交往對象在分手社會意義感的社會性否定上有顯著差異。四、大學生不同的分手方式、不同的分手原因,以及目前是否有交往對象分別在分手適應上有顯著差異。五、大學生的分手距今時間在分手適應上有顯著正相關。六、大學生分手社會意義感的社會性認同在分手適應上有顯著正相關。七、大學生分手社會意義感的社會性否定在分手適應上有顯著負相關。八、大學生分手社會意義感的社會性認同在分手原因和分手適應間具有部分中介的效果。九、大學生分手社會意義感的社會性否定在分手距今時間和分手適應間具有部分中介的效果。十、大學生分手社會意義感的社會性否定在目前是否有交往對象和分手適應間具有部分中介的效果。
根據上述研究發現,本研究提出進一步的討論,並針對大學生和助人工作者提供建議。最後說明本研究之限制,以及未來研究方向作為參考。
This study aimed to investigate the correlations among relationship break-ups, social meaning of the break-up, and post-breakup adaptation among undergraduate college students in contemporary Taiwan. An Internet survey was distributed through convenience sampling to collect data from 584 undergraduate college students who had experienced break-up events during their years of study at the universities or colleges. The subjects met these criteria: 1) aged between 18 and 25; 2) unmarried; 3) currently enrolled in a college or university in Taiwan; 4) the relationships before the break-up events lasted for at least three months.
Research instruments include
1.the translated Chinese version of The Social Meaning in Life Events Scale
2.the Post-breakup Recovery and Growth Scale
3.the Break-up Events Inventory developed by the researcher
Subsequently, four various statistical tools, namely descriptive statistics, one-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation, as well as hierarchical regression, were adopted to analyze data collected using the SPSS 23.0 software.
Data analysis revealed:
1) Significant differences were found on the "social validation" dimension on the social meaning of break-ups among different causes that led to break-ups.
2) A significant negative correlation was found between the length of time since the break-up events until the dates when subjects conducted the survey and the "social invalidation" dimension on the social meaning of break-ups.
3) Whether or not the subjects were in a relationship while they were conducting the survey demonstrates a significant difference in "social invalidation" dimension on the social meaning of break-ups.
4) Significant differences were found on the levels of post-breakup adaptation among various modes of break-ups, different causes that led to break-ups, and whether the subjects were in a relationship.
5) A significant positive correlation was found between the length of time since the break-up events until the dates when subjects conducted the survey and the levels of post-breakup adaptation.
6) A significant positive correlation was found between the "social validation" dimension on the social meaning of break-ups and the levels of post-breakup adaptation.
7) A significant negative correlation was found between the "social invalidation" dimension on the social meaning of break-ups and the levels of post-breakup adaptation.
8) The degree of "social validation" on the social meaning of break-ups was found as a mediator between the causes of break-ups and the levels of post-breakup adaptation.
9) The degree of "social invalidation" on the social meaning of break-ups was found as a mediator between the lengths of time since the break-up events until the date when the surveys were conducted and the levels of post-breakup adaptation.
10) The degree of "social invalidation" on the social meaning of break-ups was found as a mediator between whether the subjects were in a relationship while the surveys were conducted and the levels of post-breakup adaptation.

Discussions were delineated based on the findings mentioned above. Implications on the mental health of college undergraduates and mental health professionals were provided. Finally, limitations of the current study and suggestions for future research were proposed.

目錄
第一章、緒論 1
第一節、研究動機 1
第二節、研究目的與問題 4
第三節、名詞釋義 5
第二章、文獻探討 7
第一節、分手適應之理論與研究 7
第二節、分手事件及分手社會意義感之研究 16
第三節、分手事件、分手社會意義感與分手適應之關係 28
第三章、研究方法 38
第一節、研究架構與研究假設 38
第二節、研究對象 40
第三節、研究工具 45
第四節、資料處理 53
第四章、研究結果 54
第一節、大學生的分手事件、分手社會意義感與分手適應之現況 54
第二節、大學生的分手事件、分手社會意義感與分手適應之關係 59
第三節、大學生的分手社會意義感對分手事件和分手適應關係之中介效果 74
第四節、綜合整理 79
第五章、討論與建議 80
第一節、研究結果討論與建議 80
第二節、研究限制與建議 90
參考文獻 92
附錄 102
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