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研究生:吳珮玹
研究生(外文):Wu Pei-Hsuan
論文名稱:貿易救濟措施對產業結構影響之分析
論文名稱(外文):Analysis of the Trade Remedies Impact on Industrial Structure
指導教授:陳思慎陳思慎引用關係
指導教授(外文):CHEN SHIH-SHEN
口試委員:蔡豐隆錢士謙
口試委員(外文):TSAI FONG-LONGCHIEN SHIH-CHIEN
口試日期:2020-05-31
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:樹德科技大學
系所名稱:會展管理與貿易行銷碩士學位學程
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:貿易學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2020
畢業學年度:108
語文別:中文
論文頁數:90
中文關鍵詞:一般均衡貿易救濟產業結構
外文關鍵詞:General EquilibriumTrade RemediesIndustrial Structure
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在貿易自由化過程中,各國之國內產業將面臨衝擊,且必須進行必要之結構調適問題;因此,為了減少各國貿易自由化過程中的衝擊,無論過去之GATT或目前之WTO規範均提供某些途徑,以供各國在其國內產業面臨不公平貿易或受進口損害時,能適當地給予救濟。本研究即在探討台灣之貿易救濟措施,特別是反傾銷稅制實施情況,並透過可供計量分析之模型建立,探討其對台灣產業結構調整之影響,提供台灣進口救濟制度改進之參考。研究結果顯示,實質國內生產毛額與名目國內生產毛額均因課徵反傾銷稅而增加,增幅則隨反傾銷稅率的增加,呈遞減的情況。此外,總出口增加,但是進口卻減少;變動的幅度則隨稅率的增加而變大,但逐漸趨緩,儲蓄增加的效果在各種費率模擬下,較其它變數受到的影響較小;至於家計消費部份,因產品價格的提高、該等產業產品之價格需求彈性較大與佔家計消費的比重亦大等因素,隨稅率的提高而遞減。
In the process of trade liberalization, domestic industries will face shocks and must be subject to the necessary structural adjustment problems, so in order to reduce the impact of the process of trade liberalization, whether in the past GATT or the current WTO norms provide certain ways for countries to face unfair trade or import damage in their domestic industries, can be appropriate relief. This study is to explore the implementation of Taiwan's trade relief measures, especially anti-dumping duty system, and through the model of measurement analysis, to explore its impact on the adjustment of Taiwan's industrial structure, to provide reference for the improvement of Taiwan's import relief system. The results of the study showed that both gross domestic production in real terms and gross domestic production in nominal terms increased as a result of the imposition of anti-dumping duties, while the increase in the rate of anti-dumping duties increased, showing a decrease. In addition, total exports increased, but imports decreased, the magnitude of the change increased with the increase in the tax rate, but gradually slowed down, the effect of the increase in savings under various rate simulations, less affected than other variables.
目 錄
中文摘要 I
英文摘要 II
誌謝 III
目錄 IV
圖表次 VI
第壹章 緒論 1
1.1 研究緣起與目的 1
1.2 研究方法 2
第貳章 文獻回顧 3
2.1 進口救濟之研究 3
2.2 一般均衡模型之應用 6
2.2.1 國際貿易 6
2.2.2 財政政策 8
2.2.3 所得分配 9
2.2.4 發展策略、產業政策等主題 10
2.2.5 環境與能源 11
2.2.6 台灣的相關研究 11
第參章 台灣反傾銷制度簡介與實施現況 15
3.1 現行制度簡介 15
3.1.1 相關法規 15
3.1.2 主管機關及分工 18
3.1.3 程序性規範 18
3.1.4 實體性規範 22
3.1.5 其他輔助制度 27
3.2 台灣個案 27
3.3 制度改進方向 31
3.4 小結 34
第肆章 模型之建構 37
4.1 資料分析 37
4.1.1 部門分類與相關設定 37
4.1.2 社會會計矩陣的特性 42
4.1.3 資料來源之認定 47
4.1.4 資料年限之選擇 49
4.1.5 類別之界定 49
4.2 實證模型之建立 57
4.3 模擬分析 68
第伍章 結論 77
參考文獻 81



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