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研究生:鄭啟璞
研究生(外文):CHENG, CHII-PWU
論文名稱:廢電器電子產品資源循環政策管理與效益評估研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study of Waste Electrical and Electronic Products Resource Circular Recycling Policy Management and Effectiveness Evaluation
指導教授:張添晉張添晉引用關係
指導教授(外文):CHANG, TIEN-CHIN
口試委員:樊國恕洪榮勳沈志修王立邦張添晉
口試委員(外文):FAN, KUO-SHUHHONG, JUNG-SHIUNSHEN, ZHI-XIUWANG, LI-PANGCHANG, TIEN-CHIN
口試日期:2020-07-04
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立臺北科技大學
系所名稱:環境工程與管理研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:環境工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2020
畢業學年度:108
語文別:中文
論文頁數:147
中文關鍵詞:資源回收基金逆向回收電子管理分級管理管理指標
外文關鍵詞:resource recycling fundreverse recyclingE-managementhierarchical managementmanagement indicator
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歐盟廢電器電子設備指令在2002年由歐洲議會理事會頒布後,歐盟各國,美國以及亞洲各個國家都努力的建置廢電器電子產品資源回收系統,以實現生產者責任延伸概念為方向。臺灣在推動資源回收,由污染者付費概念開始思考到生產者責任延伸制度的實現,推動以資源回收基金為基礎的四合一回收模組,透過徵收生產者資源回收基金,統收分支至資源回收系統,實現了資源回收政策的規劃、設計和執行。
本研究以臺灣廢電器電子產品的回收系統建立演變過程為研究對象,透過文獻蒐集、個案研究,經驗法則分析方法,解析資源回收基金在廢電器電子產品資源回收系統的運作模式,進而構建一廢電器電子產品資源循環系統運作模組;政策面資源回收基金的運用,費率計算公式演進,費率因子的探討,確立系統財務架構基礎。回收面逆向回收案例,以電子化管理模式回收大型家電,解構回收系統的存在模式。處理面考量分級管理,建立指標系統,建立產業自我管理模組化。本研究個案模型的解構,確立了系統管理資源循環要素,在循環經濟模組,定位處理廠管理為經濟技術有效管理關鍵,配合指標系統支援,管理架構的建置,可有效提升廢電器電子產品循環資源回收處理成效。
After the EU Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directive was promulgated by the Council of the European Parliament in 2002, countries of the European Union, United States and various countries in Asia have worked on to build a waste electrical and electronic product resource recycling system based on the concept of extended producer responsibility. Taiwan is promoting resource recycling system, starting from the concept of polluter pays and thinking about the realization of the extended producer responsibility system, promoting the four-in-one recycling module based on the resource recycling fund, through the collection of producer resource recycling funds, and collecting branches to resources Recycling system, which realizes the planning, design and implementation of resource recycling policies.
This study takes Taiwan's waste electrical and electronic product recycling system establishment and evolution as the research object. Through literature collection, case studies, and empirical analysis methods, it analyzes the operation mode of the resource recycling fund in the waste electrical and electronic product resource recycling system, and then builds a waste operation module of the resource recycling system of electrical and electronic products; the use of policy-based resource recovery funds, an evolution of the rate calculation formula, and discussion of the rate factor to establish the foundation of the system's financial structure. In the case of reverse recycling on the recycling side, large-scale household appliances are recycled in an electronic management mode, and the existence mode of the recycling system is deconstructed. The processing aspect considers hierarchical management, establishes an index system, and establishes a modularization of industrial self-management. The deconstruction of the case model of this study establishes the system management resource recycling elements. In the circular economy module, positioning the treatment plant management is the key to effective economic and technological management. With the support of the index system, the construction of the management structure can effectively improve the waste electrical and electronic products. Effectiveness of recycling resources recycling.
中文摘要 ….............................................i
英文摘要 .............................................ii
誌謝 .............................................iv
目錄 .…........................................... v
表目錄 ............................................vii
圖目錄 .............................................ix
第一章 緒論 ......................................1
1.1 研究背景 ..............................1
1.2 研究動機 ..............................3
1.3 研究目的 ..............................4
1.4 研究架構 ..............................5
第二章 文獻回顧 ......................................7
2.1 電器電子產品廢棄物 ......................7
2.1.1 定義分類 ..............................7
2.1.2 影響危害 ..............................9
2.1.3 城市礦山 .............................11
2.2 各國回收運作系統 .....................13
2.2.1 歐盟 .............................14
2.2.2 美國 .............................23
2.2.3 日本 .............................27
2.2.4 韓國 .............................33
2.2.5 中國 .............................36
2.3 我國資源回收現況 .....................41
2.3.1 政策演進 .............................41
2.3.2 法規變革 .............................43
2.3.3 執行現況 .............................44
2.4 資源回收系統 .............................46
2.4.1 資源回收基金 .....................48
2.4.2 回收系統研究 .....................49
2.4.3 處理系統管理 .....................51
2.5 環境管理效益指標 .....................52
2.5.1 環境績效指標 .....................52
2.5.2 企業績效指標 .....................54
2.5.3 電子產品環境影響評估工具指標 .....59
2.5.4 廢電器電子產品管理策略指標 .............62
第三章 研究方法 .....................................66
3.1 資源回收基金模型 .....................67
3.1.1 資源回收基金費率公式 .............68
3.1.2 環境影響費率成本 .....................73
3.1.3 基金補貼成本設定 .....................78
3.2 逆向回收系統 .............................80
3.2.1 逆向通路系統資料調查 .............82
3.2.2 電子申報系統管控分析 .............84
3.3 處理系統指標建置 .....................86
3.3.1 管理指標建立 .....................87
3.3.2 實廠評鑑分級 .....................95
第四章 結果與討論 .............................99
4.1資源回收基金管理 ............................100
4.1.1 廢棄量與回收率 ....................102
4.1.2 回收費率推估與實際 ............105
4.1.3 差別費率分級補貼 ....................109
4.2 廢電器電子產品回收系統評估 ............112
4.2.1 回收系統組合分析 ....................113
4.2.2 逆向回收電子回報系統 ............116
4.2.3 回收效益循環系統 ....................119
4.3 處理廠分級系統建置 ....................122
4.3.1 處理系統分級制度 …...................124
4.3.2 實廠評鑑指標評估 ....................127
第五章 結論與建議 ............................134
5.1 結論 ....................................134
5.2 建議 ....................................136
參考文獻 ............................................138

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