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研究生:廖廷凱
研究生(外文):LIAO, TING-KAI
論文名稱:藍牙5.0之位基型網狀網絡與室內定位系統之長期照護應用
論文名稱(外文):Bluetooth 5.0 Location-Based Mesh Network and the Indoor Positioning System of Application for Long-Term Care
指導教授:黃榮堂黃榮堂引用關係韓麗龍韓麗龍引用關係
指導教授(外文):HUANG, JUNG-TANGHAN, LEE-LONG
口試委員:吳文中曾柏軒黃榮堂韓麗龍
口試委員(外文):WU, WEN-JONGTSENG, PO-HSUANHUANG, JUNG-TANGHAN, LEE-LONG
口試日期:2020-07-20
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北科技大學
系所名稱:機械工程系機電整合碩士班
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2020
畢業學年度:108
語文別:中文
論文頁數:125
中文關鍵詞:藍牙網狀網絡室內定位智慧照護物聯網
外文關鍵詞:Bluetooth Mesh NetworkIndoor Positioning SystemLong-Term CareIoT
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隨著物聯網的發展,網狀網絡技術的建構對物聯網應用帶來更多樣的互通性,包括拓展傳輸範圍、降低總體無線系統功耗和提升網路的擴展性,由於手機的普及,使得藍牙在無線通信技術中佔了一席之地,然而在當今老齡化社會中,對於高齡者的生活與照護的品質相當重要,許多護理機構尋求技術支援,為了減少人力開支,以及照護員不足的情況下,室內定位系統(IPS)的需求是不可忽視的,為了能掌握高齡者的動向和健康狀態,本文利用一套位基型網狀網絡,並且使用低功耗藍牙在穿戴式裝置上建構移動定位服務(LBS),其中搭載了三軸陀螺儀與三軸加速度計(IMU),依照IMU的判斷與固定式感測器互動,將讀到的行為傳送至雲端並儲存紀錄,不僅可對老年人進行跌倒偵測,還可以與各種感測器,例如磁簧開關、坐墊、踏墊等的互動,通過結果的分析證明,整套系統的結合可讓資料庫記錄老年人的一天活動和行為,除了藉由網頁或手機掌握當前老年人的位置外,還能得知年長者長期的活動狀態與作息的規律;除此之外,以藍牙5.0協議設計出藍牙5.0的位基型網狀網絡,使得資料可以達到跨樓層或跨棟的互通性,並且比對藍牙4.2的網狀網絡在傳輸速度與傳輸範圍上的優勢與差別。
With the development of the Internet of Things, the construction of mesh network technology brings more interoperability to the Internet of Things applications, including expanding the transmission range, reducing the overall wireless system power consumption, and improving the scalability of the network. Makes Bluetooth occupy a place in wireless communication technology, and can control many peripheral devices through flooding or connection. And then, the quality of life and care of the elderly become a very important issue in today’s aging society. Many nursing institutions seek technical support to reduce labor costs and the shortage of caregivers cause the demand for indoor positioning systems (IPS) growing rapidly. In order to grasp the trends and realize the health status of the elderly, this article use location-based mesh networks, and use Bluetooth low energy to build on the wearable device to construct the Location Based Service (LBS). The wearable device is also equipped with an inertial motion unit (IMU) which comprises a three-axis gyroscope and a three-axis accelerometer. It interacts with the fixed sensor according to the judgment of the IMU. The information of collection is transmitted to the cloud and stored in the record. It can not only detect the fall of the elderly but also interact with various sensors, such as reed switches, seat cushions, pedal mats, etc. The analysis of the results proves that the combination of the entire system allows the database to record the activities of daily life and behaviors of the elderly. Through the web or mobile phone, the system can know the current position of the elderly but also record the long-term status activity and regularity of life of the elderly for better healthcare. Besides, our location-based mesh network uses the Bluetooth 5.0 protocol to design, so that the data can achieve inter-floor or cross-building interoperability, and compare the advantages and differences in the transmission speed and transmission range of the Bluetooth 4.2 mesh network.
摘 要 I
ABSTRACT II
誌謝 IV
目錄 V
表目錄 VIII
圖目錄 X
第一章 緒論 1
1.1研究背景 1
1.2研究動機 2
1.3研究方法與步驟 3
1.4文獻回顧 4
1.4.1無線通訊技術優劣 4
1.4.2藍牙Mesh網絡技術 7
1.4.3照護系統 10
第二章 藍牙技術簡介 11
2.1藍牙5.0技術 11
2.2藍牙5.0協議 13
2.3藍牙5.0傳輸距離 16
第三章 系統開發環境介紹 19
3.1 CC2640 / CC2640R2F/CC2642R1F晶片介紹 19
3.2 軟硬體開發環境 20
3.2.1藍牙晶片 20
3.2.2 bNode模組 25
3.2.3 bwRouter模組 26
3.2.4 移動式Tag 26
3.2.5 固定式Tag 26
第四章 系統設計 27
4.1 前言 27
4.2 物聯網架構 27
4.2.1 藍牙端 28
4.2.2 設定端 29
4.2.3 雲端資料庫與網頁 30
4.3 BLE 5.0位基型網狀網絡 30
4.3.1 bNode上傳 30
4.3.2 Mesh-Flooding技術 39
4.3.3 ACK回傳確認機制 42
4.3.4 資料儲存的生命週期 47
4.3.5 多路徑傳輸 47
4.3.6 報平安 47
4.4 照護系統 48
4.4.1 平安符 48
4.4.2 智慧坐墊、踏墊 53
4.4.3 磁簧開關 56
4.4.4 固定式與移動式Tag的定位方式 59
4.4.5 行為模式 60
第五章 系統功能實驗與結果驗證 61
5.1 藍牙網狀網絡實驗與分析 61
5.1.1 bNode 4.2與bNode 5.0程式效能比對 61
5.1.2 bNode 4.2與bNode 5.0 Mesh傳輸時間比對 68
5.5 照護系統實驗與分析 106
5.2.1平安符IMU行為分析實驗 107
5.2.2 平安符與坐墊、踏墊-照護實驗 109
第六章 結論與未來展望 120
6.1 結論 120
6.2 未來展望 121
參考文獻 123

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