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研究生:許欽揚
研究生(外文):HSU, QIN-YANG
論文名稱:使用鈣鹽-鋁鹽化學沉澱法去除水中污染物之研究:形成水鋁鈣石
論文名稱(外文):Removing Contaminants from Wastewater by Calcium-aluminum Chemical Precipitation Method: The Formation of Hydrocalumite
指導教授:李中光
指導教授(外文):LEE, CHUNG-KUNG
口試委員:趙煥平黃富昌劉新校李中光
口試委員(外文):CHAO, HUAN-PINGHUANG, FU-CHANGLIU, SHIN-SHIOULEE, CHUNG-KUNG
口試日期:2020-06-24
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:萬能科技大學
系所名稱:環境工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:環境工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2020
畢業學年度:108
語文別:中文
論文頁數:113
中文關鍵詞:水鋁鈣石陰離子插層即時合成法
外文關鍵詞:hydrocalumiteanionsintercalationsynthesis in situ
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鈣鹽及鋁鹽是相當常見之化學混凝劑,但應用上往往僅添加單一種鹽類且主要焦點是放在 COD 之去除率,較少論及同時添加鈣鹽及鋁鹽之處理效果及對其它污染物之去除效率。本研究主要是在探討同時添加鈣鹽及鋁鹽以形成類水滑石或水鋁鈣石在廢水處理上之應用及限制。研究過程首先使用正交實驗法以決定各操作條件(鋁鹽添加量、鈣/鋁質量比、反應溫度及反應時間)之優先順序及於最佳操作條件組合下,各單一污染物(COD、氯離子、亞硝酸根離子、硝酸根離子、六價鉻離子及硼)之去除率。接著,參考所得之最佳操作條件進行共存陰離子實驗以獲得在共存污染物的情況下,各污染物間之競爭去除率,同時探討不同鈣鹽及鋁鹽化合物對污染物去除率之影響。研究結果指出於最佳操作條件下,水鋁鈣石對 COD,氯離子,亞硝酸根離子,硝酸根離子,六價鉻離子及硼之去除率可分別達 25,78,58,48, 100 及 94%。共存陰離子實驗則指出各陰離子之去除率依下列順序由大到小排列:六價鉻離子 > 硼 > 氯離子 > COD > 硝酸根離子,此一結果和單成份陰離子之去除率大小是相一致的。實際廢水測試則指出於適當之 Ca:Al:B 莫耳比下硼之去除率可達約 84%。使用即時合成法形成水鋁鈣石去除陰離子之機制包含有表面吸附、陰離子交換機制及和添加之混凝劑原料直接產生沉澱反應。論文中亦討論了使用水鋁鈣石在實際去除水中污染物時可能遭遇之問題及解決之道。
Calcium and aluminum salts were widely adopted as chemical coagulants for the remove of COD with just only using one type of salt in each case. It was hardly to discuss the case that the treatment performance of wastewater with the addition of both calcium and aluminum salts at the same time. In this study, the application and limitation of removing anion pollutants from wastewater by synthesizing hydrocalumite or hydrotalcite-like compounds in situ with the calcium-aluminum chemical precipitation method was investigated. The orthogonal experimental design was firstly adopted to obtain the optimal operation conditions (the amount of aluminum salt, the Ca/Al mass ratio, reaction temperature and reaction time) for the remove of pollutants (COD, Cl, NO_2^-, NO_3^-, Cr_2 O_7^(2-), and 〖B(OH)〗_4^-) with calcium-aluminum chemical precipitation. Then, the effects of coexisting anions for the remove of target anions were examined with the aid of orthogonal experimental results. It was found that the removal efficiency of COD, Cl, NO_2^-, NO_3^-, Cr_2 O_7^(2-), and 〖B(OH)〗_4^- under the optimal operation conditions might reach 25, 78, 58, 48, 100, and 94%, respectively. The experimental results of coexisting anions indicated that the remove performance of the examined anions were with the decreasing order: Cr_2 O_7^(2-) > 〖B(OH)〗_4^- > Cl > COD > NO_3^-, which was with the same trend in the orthogonal experimental results for the single anion. On the other hand, it was found that the remove efficiency of boron from the actual wastewater might reach 84% under a suitable Ca:A:B molar ration. It was experimentally concluded that the remove mechanism of anions by synthesizing hydrocalumite in situ might include surface adsorption, anion exchange, and the direct precipitation with the adding calcium or aluminum salts. Some problems that should be overcome for the practical application of chemical precipitation method to remove the anions from wastewater were also discussed.
摘要 I
ABSTRACT II
誌 謝 III
目錄 IV
表目錄 VI
圖目錄 VIII
第一章 前言 1
1.1 研究緣起 1
1.2 研究目的 2
第二章 文獻回顧 3
2.1 LDH 及水鋁鈣石之特性 3
2.2 水鋁鈣石在污染防治上之應用 7
2.2.1 去除氯離子 7
2.2.2 去除含氧酸根離子 13
2.2.3 去除有機陰離子 23
2.2.4 去除重金屬陽離子 28
2.3.5 共存陰離子效應 32
第三章 實驗材料及研究方法 34
3.1實驗藥品 34
3.2 實驗儀器與設備 35
3.3 研究架構 36
3.4 實驗項目與步驟 37
第四章 結果與討論 39
4.1 去COD 39
4.1.1 鈣鹽-鋁鹽系統 39
4.1.2 市售混凝劑 43
4.2 去氯離子 47
4.2.1鈣鹽-鋁鹽系統 47
4.2.2 市售混凝劑 53
4.3 去亞硝酸根離子 56
4.4 去硝酸根離子 60
4.5 去六價鉻離子 65
4.6 去硼 69
4.7 共存陰離子之干擾效應 75
4.8 實際廢水測試 76
4.9 綜合討論 81
第五章 結論與建議 84
5.1 結論 84
5.2 建議 85
參考文獻 86
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