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研究生:謝孟宇
研究生(外文):HSIEH, MENG-YU
論文名稱:桃園機場捷運時刻表建立之研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study on the Establishment in Train Timetabling of Taoyuan Airport MRT
指導教授:黃泰林黃泰林引用關係
指導教授(外文):HWANG,TAY-LIN
口試委員:徐國鈞楊慧華黃泰林
口試委員(外文):HSU, KUO-CHUNYANG, HUI-HUAHWANG,TAY-LIN
口試日期:2021-05-24
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:長榮大學
系所名稱:航運管理研究所
學門:運輸服務學門
學類:運輸管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2021
畢業學年度:109
語文別:中文
論文頁數:79
中文關鍵詞:機場聯外交通桃園機場捷運捷運時刻表數學解析法
外文關鍵詞:Airport Transportation LinkTaoyuan Airport MRTMRT TimetablesMathematical Analysis Method
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  晚近,全球機場聯外交通日新月異,而為提供進出機場客貨運之便捷與方便性,從最原先的私人運輸工具進展到公共交通工具,再發展到傳統鐵路、捷運、高速鐵路等聯外運輸工具。桃園捷運公司所營運的桃園機場捷運系統服務機場及沿線周邊地區,而政府為了改善桃園國際機場聯外交通運輸,建設捷運機場線聯外交通,以連接雙北地區進出桃園國際機場、高鐵桃園站進出桃園國際機場、以及桃園地區連接上述區域,皆為機場聯外軌道運輸的重要課題。
  本研究以桃園國際機場潛在使用者(搭乘班機之入境旅客)使用桃園機場捷運系統為研究對象,旅客選擇搭乘桃園機場捷運系統離開機場,考慮機場降落航班表定時間、航班機型座位數、航班機型乘載率及機場捷運搭乘比率之研究假設,以數學解析方法設計以旅客等待時間最小為目標,將限制式、目標式建構成數學模式,並使用Microsoft Visual C++軟體撰寫成求解程式,期能提供桃園捷運公司班表規劃之參考依據。
  最後,本研究根據實證分析結果發現,總班次數、尖峰班距、離峰班距、每班車發車時間點、末班車發車時間點、旅客抵達時間,皆會影響旅客平均等待時間及列車平均班次間隔。而當總班次數設定為117~118班、尖峰班距5~10分鐘及離峰班距5~15分鐘,旅客平均等待時間可縮短至4.4分鐘以內。另敏感度分析結果顯示,當總班次數在118班且尖峰班距5~10分鐘及離峰班距5~15分鐘時,目標值結果為旅客平均等待時間4.24分鐘,為本研究所有求解結果當中較佳之目標函數值。期能將本研究成果提供給桃園捷運公司,俾作為爾後列車班表規劃之參考依據。
關鍵詞:機場聯外交通、桃園機場捷運、捷運時刻表、數學解析法

  In recent years, airports around the world are changing rapidly. In order to provide convenience traveling to the airport for passengers and cargo companies, progress in transportation is visible significantly from the most original private vehicles to the traditional railway, MRT, high-speed railway and other means of transport. Taoyuan Metro Corporation serves the airport and surrounding areas with this route. Government aims to improve external transport system for Taoyuan International Airport for many years, therefore, to construct MRT airport line as part of an intercity transport system to Taipei City, New Taipei City becomes a crucial subject. Connection between Taoyuan International Airport, high-speed railway system as well as Taoyuan city area is an important issue for the rail transportation outside the airport.
  This study looked at the Airport MRT system used by potential users of Taoyuan International Airport (inbound passengers form flights), especially for passengers choosing to leave the airport by taking the Airport MRT system. Considering the airport’s landing schedule, the number of seats on the flight aircraft, the flight aircraft’s occupancy rate and the airport MRT Research hypothesis, a mathematical analysis method is designed to objective at the minimum waiting time of passengers, The subject to, objective function, and other mathematical prototype patterns are constructed using Microsoft Visual C++ software. We hope the model can provide by Taoyuan Airport MRT system schedule planning reference basis.
  Finally, based on the empirical analysis results, this study found the following factors including the total number of shifts, headways at peak hours, headways at off-peak hours, every departure time, last train’s departure time, passenger’s total time for arrival, all above affects the waiting time in average and average frequency interval. When the total number of shifts is set from 117 to 118, 5 to 10 minutes interval at rush hour and off-peak times from 5 to 15 minutes, the average waiting time can be reduced to 4.4 minutes. Another result of sensitivity analysis shows when the total number of shifts in 118 classes and 5 to 10 minutes interval at rush hours and 5 to 15 minutes at off-peak times, the target result is under the average waiting time of 4.24 minutes. It is the best objective function value among all the solution results of this research. It is expected that the results of this research will be provided to Taoyuan MRT Corporation as a reference for future train schedule planning.
Keywords: Airport Transportation Link, Taoyuan Airport MRT, MRT Timetables, Mathematical Analysis Method.
致謝Ⅱ
摘要Ⅲ
AbstractⅣ
目錄Ⅴ
圖目錄Ⅷ
表目錄Ⅹ
第一章、緒論1
1.1研究背景與動機1
1.2研究範圍3
1.3研究目的3
1.4研究內容4
1.5研究架構與流程5
第二章、文獻回顧8
2.1桃園機場捷運系統起始背景8
2.2各國機場聯外鐵路運輸系統之相關文獻10
2.3軌道運輸時刻表規劃之相關文獻回顧14
2.3.1考慮時刻表之建立相關影響因素14
2.3.2運行圖(diagram)定義21
2.4運具轉乘之文獻回顧22
2.5小結23
第三章、研究方法24
3.1問題說明24
3.2模式建構假設說明26
3.3雛型模式建構說明28
3.4模式確認與驗證31
3.5小結33
第四章、實驗設計34
4.1實驗設計目的34
4.2實驗方法34
4.3模擬實驗因子34
4.3.1搭乘比率實驗因子36
4.3.2班表上下限實驗因子36
4.3.3尖離峰班距上下限實驗因子36
4.4實驗結果39
4.5小結52
第五章、實證研究54
5.1模式資料輸入54
5.2實證研究結果輸出55
5.3敏感度分析58
5.3.1敏感度分析資料輸入58
5.3.2敏感度分析結果輸出59
5.4小結66
第六章、結論與建議68
6.1結論68
6.2建議70
參考文獻72
附錄一、2019年04月非假日桃園國際機場降落航班之部分資料77
附錄二、桃園機場捷運系統現況運行圖78
附錄三、本研究模式所產生營運班表(運行圖)79
中文文獻
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11.謝辰瀅,不同選擇結構下之城際與接駁運具選擇模式,交通大學交通運輸研究所碩士論文,民國一百零一年。
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日文文獻
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英文文獻
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