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研究生:陳虹采
研究生(外文):CHEN,HUNG-TSAI
論文名稱:早產與足月發展遲緩兒童生長與發展差異性探討
論文名稱(外文):A study of the differences in growth and development between premature and normal babies with delay development
指導教授:陳昆伯陳昆伯引用關係周偉倪周偉倪引用關係
指導教授(外文):CHEN,KUEN-BORCHOU,WEI-NI
口試委員:蔡新茂周偉倪陳昆伯
口試委員(外文):TSAI,HSIN-MAOCHOU,WEI-NICHEN,KUEN-BOR
口試日期:2021-07-01
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:嘉南藥理大學
系所名稱:休閒保健管理系
學門:民生學門
學類:運動休閒及休閒管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2021
畢業學年度:109
語文別:中文
論文頁數:71
中文關鍵詞:早產發展遲緩發展狀況發育狀況
外文關鍵詞:Preterm DeliveryDevelopment delayGrowth statusDevelopment status
相關次數:
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  • 下載下載:30
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目的:每一個新生兒的到來,總是帶給家庭無限的喜悅與希望,然而,每一個新生命並非能夠如期的正常發展,當新生兒一出生便伴隨身體疾病上的缺陷時,對兒童的未來發展除了是一大挑戰之外,對於父母更是一段艱難崎嶇的旅程,因此兒童的健康問題甚至是早產的議題至關重要,故本研究旨在針對早產與足月發展遲緩兒童生長與發展之探討。
方法:本研究的研究對象為南部某醫學中心兒童評估中心,從民國100年至102年因為疑似發展遲緩接受評估2,125人為主,因資料重複或遺漏資料篩選出998位兒童,並分成嬰幼兒組(12個月~23個月)、學齡前組(48個月~59個月)、與全體兒童組等3組,分別記錄其性別、父母是否異國聯姻、有無先天性疾病、有無出生異常、出生體重、接受評估時年齡、身高與體重。
結果:嬰幼兒組早產兒有比較高的出生異常;學齡前組早產兒則是先天疾病與生長異常比率比較高;而全體兒童組如發現早產兒的出生異常比足月兒童高。出生的時候早產兒的體重顯著比足月兒童低,但是到了學齡前,兩者的身高與體重皆無顯著差異。最後,早產兒似乎在發展上,不論是動作、語言、認知的方面,都沒有比足月兒有差異。
Purpose: The birth of newborn babys always bring many families great joys and hoped. However, not every new life can develop normally as everyone expected. When a baby is born with physical defects, it is not only a challenge for the child's future development, but also a difficulty for his/her parents. Therefore, the issue of child health and even premature birth is of utmost importance. This study investigates the growth and development of children born prematurely and with developmental delays one month old.
Methods: In this study, 2,125 children were evaluated for suspected developmental delay at a pediatric assessment center in a southern medical center from 2011 to 2012. Due to duplication or omission of data, only 998 children were selected and were divided into three groups: 12 months to 23 months, 48 months to 59 months. Their gender, whether their parents were married in different countries, whether they had congenital diseases or with a birth defect, birth weight, age, height, and weight were recorded.
Conclusion: Conclusion: Premature children within one year of age have a higher rate of birth defects comparing with normal children. The rate of congenital diseases and growth abnormalities of preterm children is higher among preschool children. When comparing with all children before the age of 6 years, premature children have higher birth abnormalities than the others. At birth, the weight of premature children is significantly lower than that of normal children. However, by preschool age, there is no significant differences in height and weight (BMI) between those two groups. Finally, premature children did not show any developmental differences in their motion, language, or cognitive aspects comparing with normal children.
學位考試委員會審定書 I
摘要 II
Abstract III
謝詞 V
目錄 VII
圖目錄 IX
表目錄 X
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 5
第三節 研究問題 5
第四節 重要名詞定義 6
第五節 研究範圍與限制 6
第二章 文獻探討 8
第一節 早產兒與發展遲緩的定義與影響 8
第二節 早產兒所導致的身心健康狀態 15
第三章 研究方法 23
第一節 研究對象 23
第二節 研究架構與流程 23
第三節 研究工具 24
第四節 統計方法 25
第四章 研究結果 26
第一節 背景資料描述 26
第二節 描述性統計分析 34
第三節 卡方分析 35
第四節 t檢定分析 46
第五章 結論與建議 49
第一節 研究結論 49
第二節 研究建議 51
參考文獻 53
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