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研究生:賴韻婷
研究生(外文):LAI, YUN-TING
論文名稱:OECD國家全球創新投入指標與經濟產出因果條件組合之探討
論文名稱(外文):Analysis Causal Recipes between Global Innovation Input Index and Economic Output for OECD Countries
指導教授:游慧光游慧光引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yu, Hui-Kuang
口試委員:游慧光王漢民李文傳
口試委員(外文):Yu, Hui-KuangWang, Han-MinLi, Wen-Chuan
口試日期:2021-02-22
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:逢甲大學
系所名稱:財稅學系
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:財政學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2021
畢業學年度:109
語文別:中文
論文頁數:46
中文關鍵詞:全球創新指數經濟產出因果條件模糊質性比較分析法人均國內生產毛額
外文關鍵詞:global innovation indexeconomic outputcausal conditionsfsQCAgdp per capita
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現今,許多新興國家不斷地崛起,各國持續地創新來提升競爭力,進而創造更高的經濟成長。目前世界上最有權威的創新評比指數為全球創新指數(Global Innovation Index,GII),由聯合國世界智慧財產權組織、美國康乃爾大學以及歐洲工商管理學院等教育機構及組織自2007年起制定的指數,提供全球執政者更好的創新政策。
本研究運用2016年至2019年的GII數據庫,並使用模糊質性比較分析法(fsQCA)分析OECD國家全球創新指數(GII)投入指標與經濟產出的因果條件組合,其中經濟產出分為GII產出指標和人均GDP進行探討,並以XY圖分析實證結果。結果表明,不論經濟產出為GII產出指標或是人均GDP,這四年的結果共有五種不同的條件組合,且支持本文的二個假設,多種的創新投入指標的組合會獲得更高的人均GDP(更高的GII產出指標);對於高人均GDP(高GII產出指標)與低人均GDP(低GII產出指標)的複雜因果前置條件,不存在對稱性。最後更進一步分析美國、愛爾蘭、盧森堡以及瑞士等九個國家在2016年至2019年間實施的政策,以說明各國為何能夠持續保持高人均GDP。

Nowadays, many emerging countries are rapidly developing, they continue to innovate and strengthen their competitiveness, creating stronger economic growth. Currently, the most authoritative innovation measurement index in the world is the Global Innovation Index (GII). GII provides global leaders with better innovation policies. It's developed by educational institutions and organizations such as the UN World Intellectual Property Organization, Cornell University, and the European Institute of Business Administration.
This study uses the OECD countries’ GII database from 2016 to 2019, and apply the fuzzy qualitative comparative analysis (fsQCA) to explore the causal complexity between global innovation index (GII) input indicators and economic output. Where the economic output includes GII’s output indicators and GDP per capita. The result suggests that there are five different combinations of causal complexity. It supports our hypothesis that a higher combination of multiple innovation input indicators will result in a higher economic return, and there is no symmetry in the causal complexity. Finally, we provide a more in-depth analysis of the policies implemented by nine countries, including the US, Ireland, Luxembourg and Switzerland. The result gives a better explanation of why these countries can maintain a high per capita GDP.

第一章 緒論1
第一節 研究背景、動機與目的1
第二節 文章架構 4
第二章 文獻探討 5
第一節 創新指標 5
第二節 創新與經濟成長的關聯性8
第三章 研究方法 11
第一節 模糊質性比較分析法11
第二節 資料來源 13
第四章 實證結果 22
第一節 敘述性統計22
第二節 模糊質性比較分析法結果24
第五章 結論39
參考文獻 41


中文文獻
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