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研究生:周柏慶
研究生(外文):CHOU, PO-CHING
論文名稱:探討建築跨域合作之可行性研究 ──以建築智能皮層為例
論文名稱(外文):Cross-domain Cooperation Feasibility Study of Architecture by an Experiment of Intelligent Curtain Wall.
指導教授:李芝瑜李芝瑜引用關係
指導教授(外文):LEE, JEANNE
口試委員:沈揚庭楊健貴
口試委員(外文):SHEN, YANG-TINGYANG, CHEN-KUEI
口試日期:2019-07-09
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:銘傳大學
系所名稱:建築學系碩士班
學門:建築及都市規劃學門
學類:建築學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2021
畢業學年度:109
語文別:中文
論文頁數:113
中文關鍵詞:跨域合作物聯網智能皮層智慧建築
外文關鍵詞:cross-domain cooperationICTintelligent curtainintelligent architecture
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  21世紀之今日,ICT技術於建築領域之導入與開發越漸受到重視,回顧1963年,第一個CAD與CADD的出現使得建築設計模式從傳統的手工繪圖走向電腦輔助繪圖,電腦輔助設計在各行業中無處不在且於今日,已變成建築生產環節中不可缺少之重要部分,因電子技術特有的嵌入性(embeddability)與應用性優勢,能有效地應用於各個領域中。於未來,無論是智慧家居領域、節能建築領域、建築生產製造領域等皆會越更需要跨域技術的結合與輔助。然而,現今環境之建築產業發展速度較為緩慢。以中國為例,建築技術開發的貢獻約佔總體產業的25%,造成其現象的主要原因為專有技術投入過少且缺乏高技能之人才,其間接原因為現存環境中可提供之跨領域資源過於分散且缺乏分類,導致建築相關應用研發成本升高、產能低落。為增加從事建築族群於智能建築相關之開發產能,本論文著實於以上環境問題作為本論文之研究動機,探討目前建築專業與電子資訊專業間跨域模式之可行性。首先於研究方法針對建築跨域ICT技術之歷史脈絡做一歷史梳理,包含建築數位化之演進、生產工具之轉變、現代技術發展之趨勢以及開源文化的影響等。實驗設計內容以目前較具代表性應用的「建築智能皮層」為例,針對目前具代表性的智能皮層案例做一分析研究,以此原型作為的實驗目標的設計標準,接續探討實現此實驗原型所需要的硬件與軟件技術的要求與分析比較。本研究之實驗內容一共有四種不同之原型,實驗過程之總時長為一年二個月,分別依序在同一個時間軸進行與完成,其中各個原型所耗費之時間、跨域比重、材料成本、技術開發成本、問題因素、設計流程皆不相同。本研究根據此四個原型歸納其設計方法與跨域人才間的合作模式,驗證建築之跨域模式的原型並輔以實際實驗之紀錄,尋求最終較為可行的跨域模式方法。本研究結果分別於四種不同的實驗情境中,歸納出不同之跨域的可行性模式並整理成可視化圖表,我們能在不同的資源情境下,透過訂定的標準作業程序來進行項目的推進。雖智能建築所涉及之技術過多且繁雜,同時技術也日復一日地迭代更新,技術比喻如新的來臨時則舊的過期,但我們若能持續保有跨域彈性的學習能力與溝通能力,配合本研究實作型的參考案例,透過本研究之實驗紀錄、脈絡梳理、結論分析等,望能予以未來的莘莘學子與社會梁柱們在跨域模式建立的路上一點的參考和幫助。減少目前建築產業跨領域之資源過於分散與資源過於龐大、跨域溝通斷層等問題,並倡導目前建築發展與跨域結合之重要性,促進建築領域與數位技術之融合,增加建築領域未來開發之產能。
  In the 21st century, the introduction and development of ICT technology in architecture has become more and more popular. A look back at 1963, the appearance of the first CAD and CADD made the architecture design mode changed from manual drawing to computer-aided drawing. Because of the unique embeddability and application advantages of ICT, it can be effectively applied in various fields. In the future, it will become more and more mainstream on the field of smart home, energy-saving buildings, building manufacturing and cross-domain technologies. However, the development speed of the architecture field is relatively slow. Taking China as an example, the contribution of construction technology accounts for about 25% compared with other industry. The main reason for this phenomenon is that the investment in proprietary technology is too low and the lack of high-skilled talents. And the second reason is that the lack of classification of cross-domain resources leads to research costs increased and decreased the production capability of architecture field. In order to increase the development abilities of the intelligent buildings, this paper bases on the environmental issues as the research motivation, and explores the feasibility of cross-domain mode between the architecture profession and the ICT profession.
  First of all, this paper takes view of historical context of cross-domain ICT technology in architecture, including the evolution of digital architecture, the transformation of production tools, the trend of modern technology development, and the influence of open source culture. Second, the content of the experiment takes "Building Intelligent Cortex" as an example and analysis the requirements of hardware and software technology required for this prototype. In the results of this paper, there are four different prototypes mode in this research and takes about 14 months to complete the whole experiment process. The each prototypes of cross-domain proportion, material costs, technology costs, problem factors, and design processes are totally different. Based on these four prototypes, this paper summarizes the design method and the cooperation model between ICT and architecture field, verifies the feasibility of the cross-domain model. By summarizing different cross-domain feasibility models and organizing data into visual charts, we can proceed the project under different conditions by establishing standard operating procedures. And finally, promote the integration of the architecture field and digital technology, increasing the production abilities of future development in the architecture field
中文摘要 I
英文摘要 II
謝誌 III
目錄 IV
表目錄 VII
圖目錄 VIII
第壹章 緒論 1
1-1 前言 1
1-2 研究目的 2
1-3 研究範圍與對象 3
1-4 研究方法與流程 4
第貳章 文獻探討 9
2-1 建築與數位化之進程 10
2-2 智能建築跨域研究之資源探討 18
2-3 智能建築之調查分析 28
第叁章 實驗設計 36
3-1 智能皮層實驗訂定 36
3-2 智能皮層之軟硬體技術調查 40
3-3 市場調查過程 42
3-4 實驗原型一 47
3-5 實驗原型二 53
3-6 實驗原型三 59
3-7 實驗原型四 66
第肆章 結論與建議 71
4-1 實驗結論 71
4-2 實驗檢討 74
第伍章 結論與建議 75
5-1 建築跨域合作模式結論 75
5-2 跨域合作面臨之問題梳理 78
5-3 未來研究 83
附件 85
附件1 智能皮層之相關實驗過程紀錄補充 85
附件2 SUTHERLAND, SKETCHPAD 97
參考文獻 98
中文文獻 98
外文文獻 100
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