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研究生:陳聖筌
研究生(外文):CHEN, SHENG-CHUAN
論文名稱:女子籃球運動員在下肢動態肌力及等長最大肌力雙側不對稱之關係
論文名稱(外文):The relationship between lower-limb dynamic and isometric bilateral strength asymmetry in female basketball player
指導教授:江杰穎江杰穎引用關係
指導教授(外文):CHIANG, CHIEN-YING
口試委員:翁明嘉范姜昕辰
口試委員(外文):WENG, MING-CHIAFAN CHIANG, HSIN-CHEN
口試日期:2021-01-19
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立體育大學
系所名稱:競技與教練科學研究所
學門:民生學門
學類:競技運動學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2021
畢業學年度:109
語文別:中文
論文頁數:37
中文關鍵詞:下肢肌力雙側不對稱動態肌力等長最大肌力
外文關鍵詞:lower limbs strengthbilateral asymmetrydynamic strengthisometric maximum strength
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下肢肌力在籃球運動扮演了非常重要的角色,目前在下肢不對稱性與籃球運動表現的關係尚未有明確定論,評估不對稱性的合適方式更是眾說紛紜。透過最大肌力及動態肌力的評估能更瞭解下肢肌力特質的不對稱如何影響運動表現,惟目前的評估方式多採用單側的形式進行,對於需要高強度及身體碰撞的籃球運動,雙側形式的測驗方式或許更能顯現出下肢不對稱的肌力特質,但目前相關的研究仍未被廣泛探討。研究目的: 探討女子籃球運動員在下肢動態肌力及等長最大肌力之間雙側肌力不對稱之關係。研究方法: 本研究以國內優秀女子籃球員共9名(專項訓練經驗至少6年)。以Pasco測力板收取地面反作用力(Ground Reaction Force, GRF),計算反向跳(Countermovement Jump, CMJ)之跳躍高度(Jump Height, JH)、峰值力量(Peak Force, PF)、落地力量(Landing Force, LF)、峰值功率 (Peak Power, PP)及發力率 (Rate of Force Development, RFD)與等長中段上拉(Isometric Mid-Thigh Pull, IMTP)之PF及90,200及250毫秒RFD,再利用雙側不對稱計算公式分別計算出上述變項的不對稱性(Asymmetry Index , AI)。統計方法: 透過皮爾遜積差相關分析CMJ JH-AI、CMJ PF-AI、CMJ PP-AI、CMJ RFD-AI、CMJ LF-AI與IMTP PF-AI、IMTP 250msRFD-AI之相關性。結果: 女子籃球員CMJ JH-AI與IMTP PF-AI (r = .639;p = .032)呈現高度正相關;與IMTP 250msRFD-AI(r = .851;p = .002)呈現非常高度正相關,CMJ JP-AI與IMTP TtPF-AI (r = -.639;p = .034)呈現高度負相關。
The strength of the lower limbs plays a very important role in basketball. At present, the relationship between the asymmetry of the lower limbs and the performance of basketball has not been clearly definitive, and there are divergent opinions on the appropriate methods of evaluating the asymmetry. Through the assessment of maximum strength and dynamic strength, we can better understand how the asymmetry of lower limb strength affects sports performance. However, the current evaluation methods are mostly carried out in a unilateral manner. For basketball sports that require high intensity and body collision, the bilateral test method may be more able to show the asymmetry of the muscle strength characteristics of the lower limbs, but the relevant research has not been widely explored. Purposes: To explore the asymmetry of bilateral muscle strength between female basketball players' lower limb dynamic strength and isometric maximum strength. Method: 9 elite female basketball players (at least 6 years of special training experience) participated in this study. The ground reaction force (GRF) was collected through Pasco force plate in order to determine the jump height (Jump Height, JH), peak force (PF), peak Power (PP) and landing force (LF) during a countermovement jump (CMJ) test. The other GRF was collected through Pasco force plates in order to calculate the peak force (PF) and 90,200,250ms rate of force development (90,200,250ms RFD) during Isometric Mid-Thigh Pull (IMTP) test, and the bilateral asymmetry calculation formulas respectively calculate the asymmetry index (AI) of the above variables. Statistical Analysis: Pearson's correlation coefficient was used to assess relationship between the CMJ JH-AI, CMJ PF-AI, CMJ PP-AI, CMJ RFD-AI, CMJ LF-AI and IMTP PF-AI, IMTP 250msRFD-AI. Results: The female basketball player CMJ JH-AI were highly positive correlated with IMTP PF-AI (r = .639; p = .032) and IMTP 250ms RFD-AI (r = .851; p = .002). CMJ JP-AI and IMTP TtPF-AI (r = -.639; p = .034) show a highly negative correlation.
第壹章 緒論 1
第一節 前言 1
第二節 研究目的 3
第三節 研究假設 3
第貳章 文獻回顧 4
第一節 探討下肢肌力不對稱 4
第二節 評估下肢肌力不對稱之方法 7
第三節 單側與雙側檢測方式 10
第參章 研究方法 14
第一節 實驗對象 14
第二節 實驗地點與時間 14
第三節 實驗設備與器材 15
第四節 實驗方法 17
第五節 數據分析 20
第六節 統計分析 24
第肆章 結果 25
第伍章 討論 31
參考文獻 33

表目錄
表 2-1計算不對稱之公式 6
表 2-2力量取向之下肢肌力不對稱測量與運動表現之研究 12
表 2-3跳躍取向之下肢肌力不對稱測量與運動表現之研究 13
表 4-1 受試者基本資料 26
表 4-2 CMJ及IMTP各變項之結果 26
表 4-3 CMJ-AI及IMTP-AI各變項之結果 27
表 4-4女子籃球運動員CMJ-AI與IMTP PF-AI之相關性 27
表 4-5女子籃球運動員CMJ-AI與IMTP 250msRFD-AI之相關性 28
表 4-6女子籃球運動員CMJ-AI與IMTP TtPF-AI之相關性 28

圖目錄
圖 2-1單腳反向跳 11
圖 2-2雙腳反向跳 11
圖 3-1 Pasco測力板 15
圖 3-2 Pasco Capstone1.8.0軟體 15
圖 3-3 Python客制化分析軟體 16
圖 3-4 Kairos Strength等長肌力檢測架 16
圖 3-5 實驗流程圖 17
圖 3-6 CMJ 18
圖 3-7 IMTP 19
圖 3-8 CMJ起跳落地判定 20
圖 3-9 CMJ力量-時間曲線 21
圖 3-10 CMJ功率-時間曲線 21
圖 3-11 IMTP力量-時間曲線 22
圖 4-1 CMJ JH-AI與IMTP PF-AI之關係 29
圖 4-2 CMJ JH-AI與IMTP 250msRFD-AI之關係 29
圖 4-3 CMJ PP-AI與IMTP TtPF-AI之關係 30
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