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研究生:姚述杰
研究生(外文):YAO, SHU-CHIEH
論文名稱:高爾夫球揮桿的姿勢控制與揮桿表現之相關性
論文名稱(外文):The Relationship Between Swing Performance and Postural Control during Golf Swing
指導教授:湯文慈湯文慈引用關係
指導教授(外文):TANG, WEN-TZU
口試委員:范姜昕辰陳全壽
口試委員(外文):FANCHIANG, HSIN-CHENCHEN CHUAN-CHOW
口試日期:2021-06-02
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立體育大學
系所名稱:競技與教練科學研究所
學門:民生學門
學類:競技運動學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2021
畢業學年度:109
語文別:中文
論文頁數:52
中文關鍵詞:姿勢控制高爾夫球揮桿動作分析生物力學平衡
外文關鍵詞:posture controlgolf swingbalancetime-to-boundary
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目的:在高爾夫球運動中較優秀的選手會有較好的姿勢控制能力以產生較快的擊球初速,然而在過去許多研究時常以較小的壓力中心(center of pressure, CoP)移動範圍或是較慢的壓力中心移動速度作為良好平衡的指標,但單只考慮壓力中心的位置或是速度並無法整體性的評估一個人的姿勢控制能力。本篇研究將利用觸界時間(Time to Boundary, TtB)姿勢控制參數去檢測優秀選手在準備期、上桿期和下桿期的姿勢控制能力和擊球速度、骨盆運動學參數、重心轉移量的相關性。方法:招募23位差點小於10的高爾夫球選手,利用十台紅外線攝影機收取擊球動作與支撐基底(Base of Support; BoS)邊界,兩塊測力板收取對地面反作用力,Trackman收取擊球數據,並且收取五桿一號木桿及五桿七號鐵桿之揮桿。結果與討論:在準備期與上桿期的姿勢控制能力與擊球初速呈現非常高度的正相關,因此在這兩個揮桿時期應更注重姿勢的穩定,以利後續擊出較快的擊球初速。另外骨盆平均旋轉速度、速度峰值與鐵桿下桿期的觸界時間達中度負相關,重心轉移量分別與木桿、鐵桿達中度及高度的負相關,因此推斷在下桿期時較快的骨盆旋轉速度與較多的重心轉移將會犧牲一定程度的姿勢穩定。
In the game of golf, highly proficient players possess superior postural control abilities that enable them to generate greater ball speeds. In previous studies, smaller ranges of center of pressure (COP) movements or lower COP velocities have been used as indicators of good balance. However, these studies have solely investigated COP locations or velocities, resulting in the inability to perform comprehensive evaluations of the postural control abilities of individuals. Since these rotations originate at the pelvis in golf, in the present study, the time-to-boundary, an indicator of postural control, was utilized to determine the relationships between postural control ability and weight shift, pelvic kinematic parameters and ball speed of skilled golfers during the setup, backswing, and downswing phases. We recruited 23 low handicap golfers (11 male and 12 female; handicap <5) and captured their golf swing movement data of 5 trials each of a driver and 7 iron and base of support boundaries using a 10 cameras motion capture system, We also measured the ground reaction forces using two force plates interfaced to the motion capture system and recorded the golf shot data using the TrackMan tracking device. We correlated postural control ability (time-to-boundary) of different phases with ball speed, pelvis kinematics and weight shift variables. The results indicated that the postural ability during the setup and backswing phases are highly positively correlated with the ball speed, suggesting the necessity for greater emphasis on postural stability during these two swing phases to achieve higher ball speeds. The average pelvic rotational velocity and peak pelvic rotational velocity were moderately negatively correlated with the time-to-boundary data during downswing. The amount of weight shift was moderately and highly negatively correlated with the driver and seven-iron swings, respectively. Therefore, it can be deduced that a higher pelvic rotational velocity during downswing and a greater amount of weight shift will reduce postural stability.
目 錄
第壹章 緒論 9
第一節 研究背景與動機 9
第二節 研究目的 11
第三節 研究假設 11
第四節 研究範圍 12
第五節 研究限制 12
第六節 名詞解釋與操作型定義 13
第貳章 文獻探討 14
第一節 姿勢控制與高爾夫球表現之相關研究 14
第二節 與姿勢控制有關之高爾夫球下肢技術表現 16
第三節 過去檢測平衡方法的不足 18
第四節 觸界時間之相關研究 20
第五節 觸界時間計算方式之相關研究 21
第六節 文獻總結 22
第參章 研究方法 23
第一節 研究對象 23
第二節 實驗日期與地點 23
第三節 實驗儀器與設備 24
第四節 實驗場地布置 26
第五節 實驗流程與步驟 27
第六節 資料蒐集與分析 30
第七節 統計分析 34
第肆章 研究結果 35
第一節 基本資料、觸界時間與擊球表現 35
第二節 擊球初速與觸界時間之相關性 37
第三節 不同揮桿時期觸界時間之相關性 38
第四節 下桿期骨盆運動學參數與觸界時間之相關性 40
第五節 重心轉移量與觸界時間之相關性 41
第伍章 討論 43
第一節 觸界時間與擊球初速之探討 43
第二節 從觸界時間探討鐵桿與木桿的動作特徵 44
第三節 下桿期骨盆運動學與姿勢控制之探討 45
第四節 重心轉移對於姿勢控制及球速之影響 46
第五節 使用觸界時間檢測姿勢控制的意義 46
第陸章 結論 48
參考文獻 49



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