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研究生:楊思雅
研究生(外文):YEUNG, SEZ-NGA
論文名稱:關節活動度與下肢的排列對舞者平衡能力之關聯
論文名稱(外文):The Relationship between Balance and Lower Limb Range of Motion, Alignment in Dancers
指導教授:林晉利林晉利引用關係朱彥穎朱彥穎引用關係
指導教授(外文):LIN, CHIN-LIJU, YAN-YING
口試委員:林晉利朱彥穎黃奕銘
口試委員(外文):LIN,CHIN-LIJU, YAN-YINGHUANG, YI-MING
口試日期:2021-01-10
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立體育大學
系所名稱:運動保健學系
學門:民生學門
學類:運動休閒及休閒管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2021
畢業學年度:109
語文別:中文
論文頁數:78
中文關鍵詞:膝過伸肌肉代償過度鬆弛
外文關鍵詞:Sway Back KneesMuscle compensationLaxity
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緒論:一般來說舞者的關節活動度較大於運動員和一般人,可能因遺傳因素或後天訓練造成韌帶過度鬆弛。關節過度可動(JHM),指的是關節柔軟度增加,關節活動度超出正常範圍,這是年輕舞者的共同特徵。舞者必須具有運動員相同的身體素質,如平衡能力、肌力和骨骼關節系統都必須有效的作訓練。許多舞者以其他的代償動作達到視覺呈現,造成關節的壓力增加。目的:1. 下肢結構對舞者平衡能力之關係。2. 有無關節過度可動(JHM)與舞者平衡能力之關係。3. 下肢關節活動度與舞者平衡能力之關係。方法:對象為國立台北藝術大學舞蹈系學生27人。分別進行下肢活動度、Beighton評量、Q角度、扁平足、Y字平衡測試、墊上開眼單足立、閉眼單足立檢測,檢測髖部、膝部和踝部之關節活動度。所得資料以獨立樣本T檢定分析,顯著水準為p<.05。皮爾森相關系數分析。結果:有48.1%之舞者Q角度大於14°、有100%之舞者有扁平足、有88.9%之舞者有膝反屈大於-5°。動態平衡能力表現中,有膝反屈大於-5°之舞者在YBT表現上較優。有88.9%之舞者有JHM。沒有JHM之舞者在YBT表現上較佳。主、被動髖內收、被動膝伸展和主、被動踝背屈角度越大在YBT表現上較佳。主動髖伸展角度越大在YBT表現上較差。主動髖伸展和主、被動踝蹠屈角度越大YBT不對稱性越小。被動髖內收角度越大,閉眼單足立時間越長。被動髖外轉和被動膝屈曲角度越小在墊上開眼單足立時間越長。結論:目前國內沒有針對舞者有無JHM的相關研究,本研究發現舞者JHM的普遍性,了解舞者下肢結構現況和影響舞者平衡能力的因素,可做為選才及基礎訓練之參考。為減少因代償動作或其他因素導致傷害發生,以延長舞者的舞台生命。
Introduction: In generally speaking, dancers' joint mobility is greater than that of athletes and ordinary people. It may be due to genetic factors or acquired training that the ligaments are excessively loose. Joint hypermobility (JHM) refers to the increase in joint flexibility and joint mobility beyond the normal range. Studies have shown that artistic feeling is the most important for dance, but dancers must also have the same physical fitness as athletes, such as balance ability, muscle strength, and the skeletal joint system. Dancers want to show excellent visual effects and their beauty of line, many dancers will use compensatory movements. Purpose: 1. The relationship between balance and lower limb structure in dancers. 2. The relationship between balance and JHM in dancers. 3. The relationship balance and between the Lower Limb Range of Motion (ROM) in dancers. Method: 27 students from the Department of Dance of the Taipei National University of the Arts. Measure Lower Limb Range of Motion, Q-angle, flatfoot, genu recurvatum, Beighton assessment, Y-balance test (YBT), one leg stand eyes open on the pad test, and one leg stand eyes closed test. The data were analyzed by independent sample T-test, and the significance level was p<.05 and Use the Pearson correlation coefficient. Results: 48.1% of dancers' Q angle greater than 14°, 100% of dancers had flatfoot, and 88.9% of dancers knee flexion greater than -5°. In dynamic balance performance, dancers with knee flexion greater than -5° were better than normal. 88.9% of dancers have JHM, dancers without JHM performed better in YBT, and there was a significant difference between the non-dominant foot forward extension and the overall score. The greater ROM of hip adduction, passive knee extension, and ankle dorsiflexion, the better YBT performance. The greater ROM of active hip extension, the worse the YBT performance. The greater ROM of passive hip adduction, the longer it takes to single foot stand with a close-eye stand. The smaller ROM of passive hip abduction and the passive knee flexion, the longer time to single foot stand with an open-eye stand on the pad. Conclusion: This study understands the factors that affect dancers' balance ability, and uses them as reference data for screening or observing dancers. In order to reduce the damage caused by compensatory actions or other factors, in order to prolong the life of the dancers on stage.
第壹章 緒論1
第一節 研究背景與動機1
第二節 研究目的 4
第三節 研究假設 4
第四節 研究範圍與限制4
第五節 名詞解釋與操作型定義5
第貳章 文獻探討 7
第一節 平衡能力在舞蹈上之重要性7
第二節 舞者下肢排列特性 11
第三節 舞者下肢關節活動度之評估15
第參章 研究方法 18
第一節 研究對象、實驗時間和地點18
第二節 實驗儀器與設備19
第三節 實驗設計 20
第四節 實驗流程 34
第五節 統計分析 35
第肆章 研究結果 36
第一節 受試者資料36
第二節 舞者下肢結構與舞者動、靜態平衡能力之關係38
第三節 關節過度可動與舞者動、靜態平衡能力之關係43
第四節 下肢關節活動度與舞者動、靜態平衡能力之關係45
第伍章 討論50
第一節 舞者舞蹈訓練概況分析50
第二節 探討舞者下肢結構與舞者動、靜態平衡能力之關係52
第三節 探討關節過度可動與舞者動、靜態平衡能力之關係55
第四節 探討下肢關節活動度與舞者動、靜態平衡能力之關係56
第陸章 結論與建議57
第一節 結論57
第二節 建議58
參考文獻 59
中文參考資料59
英文參考資料61
附錄65
附錄一65
附錄二67

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