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研究生:洪敏豪
研究生(外文):HUNG, MIN-HAO
論文名稱:不同反應型態對羽球選手落地策略及步伐表現的影響
論文名稱(外文):Influence of Different Response Patterns on Landing Strategy and Steps Performance in Badminton Players
指導教授:何金山何金山引用關係
指導教授(外文):HO, CHIN-SHAN
口試委員:相子元張家豪張家昌許志文
口試委員(外文):SHIANG, TZYY-YUANGCHANG, CHIA-HAOCHANG, CHIA-CHANGHSU, CHIH-WEN
口試日期:2021-01-29
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立體育大學
系所名稱:運動科學研究所
學門:民生學門
學類:運動科技學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2021
畢業學年度:109
語文別:中文
論文頁數:65
中文關鍵詞:動作捕捉系統專項訓練傳感器混合訊號分析
外文關鍵詞:Motion capture systemSpecific trainingSensorsMixed signal analysis
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本研究為『不同反應型態對羽球選手落地策略及步伐表現的影響』,研究目的為探討選擇性反應介入對選手落地策略及步伐表現的影響,本研究招募12名男子大專公開組羽球選手,進行側向跳躍殺球後不同撲球方向步伐 (正手側、反手側、直線) 及不同反應模式 (簡單反應、選擇性反應) 的步伐訓練,以 Nexus 1.8.5 軟體同步擷取高速攝影機、測力板及 Arduino 訊號,並自行撰寫 Matlab 2015b 軟體分析選手落地下肢關節變化、地面反作用力及 Arduino 偵測步伐數據結果,統計方式採用二因子變異數分析 (Two-way ANOVA, repeated measures )以 bonferroni 進行事後比較,顯著水準 a =.05,選手在選擇性反應模式時步伐移動速度會較慢,且與一般情境有交互作用,在選擇性反應情境的反手側撲球步伐速度會最慢,顯示認知決策與方向都有可能影響羽球選手的步伐移動能力,在執行一般情境時三個移動方向的落地策略會有顯著差異,但在選擇性反應介入後三個方向的落地策略又會趨於相似,顯示落地前若可以預判回擊球方向時,選手在落地時就會改變落地策略,有利於快速的改變方向。
The purpose of this research was exploring the influence of selective reaction intervention on the landing strategy and footwork performance of badminton players after the intervention. Twelve male experienced badminton players were recruited in study. Perform footwork training in different directions (forehand side, backhand side, straight line) and different reaction situations (simple reaction, selective reaction). Nexus Version 1.8.5 software was used simultaneously to capture the kinematic, kinetic and Arduino variables. Matlab 2015b software to analyze the lower limbs joints, ground reaction force and footwork speed data of the athletes. Two-way repeated-measures ANOVA with the Bonferroni correction was used to identify the differences. The significance level was set to a =.05. Athlete footwork becomes slower when the selective reaction situation. And there is an interaction with the general situation. In the selective reaction situation, the player's backhand side net shot footwork speed will be the slowest. Shows that cognitive decision-making and direction may affect the badminton player's footwork speed ability. There will be significant differences in the landing strategies in the three moving directions when executing a general situation, but the landing strategies in the three directions will tend to be similar after the selective response intervention. If the athlete can predict the return direction before landing, will change the landing strategy when landing, which is conducive to the rapid change of direction. In the future, training can be conducted in different situations according to the needs of different training stages.
第壹章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 3
第三節 研究假設 4
第四節 研究範圍與限制 5
第五節 名詞解釋與操作型定義 6
第貳章 文獻探討 9
第一節 羽球步伐的發展 9
第二節 反手側中後場步伐動作分析 11
第三節 羽球上網步伐之動作 13
第四節 敏捷能力對運動表現的影響 15
第五節 文獻總結 18
第參章 研究方法 19
第一節 研究對象 20
第二節 實驗時間與地點 21
第三節 研究儀器與設備工具 22
第四節 場地佈置 24
第五節 實驗步驟與流程 25
第六節 資料處理與統計分析 30
第肆章 結果與討論 35
第一節 步伐表現 35
第二節 落地瞬間參數 37
第三節 下蹲最低點 41
第四節 討論 45
第伍章 結論 51
第一節 結論 51
參考文獻 53
中文文獻 53
英文文獻 54

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