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研究生:古叡淳
研究生(外文):Ku, Jui-Chun
論文名稱:利用旋切式微氣泡產生系統結合常壓空氣電漿束製備電漿微氣泡水之研究
論文名稱(外文):Experimental Investigation of Plasma Activated Microbubbles Water Using Swirling-Meshed Injector
指導教授:吳宗信吳宗信引用關係
指導教授(外文):Wu, Jong-Shinn
口試委員:陳慶耀蔡佳宏
口試日期:2021-01-22
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立交通大學
系所名稱:機械工程系所
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2021
畢業學年度:109
語文別:中文
論文頁數:92
中文關鍵詞:旋切式微氣泡產生裝置電漿微氣泡微氣泡大小量測方法
外文關鍵詞:Swirling-meshed InjectorPlasma Activated MicrobubblesMicrobubble size measurement
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美國華爾街日報曾報導微細氣泡技術為未來相當具有潛力的產業,在2023年產值有望達到577億美元。微氣泡可以應用在九大領域:農業種植、漁業養殖、醫療照護、飲用水淨化、畜牧防疫、食材清洗、污水淨化、工業設備清洗、商旅生活。這是因為微氣泡是很好的載體,可將目標氣體大量包在氣泡裡並且在水溶液裡有適當的停留時間,爆破時產生自由基可有效清除有機物。許多文獻指出電漿活化水也有非常好的殺菌、除污的效果,近幾年有極少數研究者嘗試結合常壓空氣電漿與微氣泡產生電漿微氣泡,並且透過實驗驗證發現電漿微氣泡可以有效除污。
本研究旨在開發一套電漿微氣泡產生系統與建立一套簡易微氣泡粒徑分析系統。於電漿微氣泡產生系統部分,使用旋切式微氣泡產生方法,高速旋轉的流體加上離心力的效果使得產生器中間為低壓區,外界氣體自動導入並且施加3~4 kV高電壓解離產生電漿,強勁的水流(Re~16,000)造成剪切力切割成電漿氣泡,最後再通過孔徑大小為547-77 μm的不鏽鋼網形成更小的電漿微氣泡(平均尺寸70-45 μm)。研究流程為先以計算流體力學數值模擬方法找出合適產生器外型(在常壓電漿產生區域能自動導入氣體),而後管路配置搭配噴射式泵浦與不同尺寸不鏽鋼網穩定產生75L的電漿微氣泡水。實驗發現在噴射式泵浦切斷電源後微氣泡可以維持約兩分鐘之久。在微氣泡粒徑分析系統的部分,將微氣泡水倒入一T型觀測槽並使用顯微鏡放大(40X)氣泡尺寸,透過高畫數相機(6400*4000)拍攝照片,最後使用ImageJ分析微氣泡尺寸大小分佈。透過設計不同的實驗發現在此量測系統下微氣泡尺寸分佈隨量測時間與量測高度變化小於4%。
According to the Wall Street Journal, fine bubbles technology (FBT) is a promising industry in the near future, with an expected value of $57.7 billion by 2023. FBs technology can be applied to nine different fields which include agricultural planting, fish farming, medical care, drinking water purification, animal husbandry and epidemic prevention, food cleaning, sewage purification, industrial equipment cleaning, and business travel and life. FBs are good gas carriers. According to its properties, a large number of the target gases is encapsulated in bubbles and has an appropriate retention time in the aqueous solution. Free radicals will be generated after the bubbles break up. Free radicals have great effectively to remove organic pollutants. In recent years, some scientists have tried to combine plasma technology with microbubbles to generate plasma activated microbubbles (PAMBs) water. They found that PAMBs water can remove organic pollutants efficiently.
There are two objectives in this study, one is to develop PAMBs water generation system and the other is to establish MBs size-distribution measurement system. In the PAMBs water generation system, MBs are generated by the swirling method. The fluid flows in a rotating motion to form a vortex flow. The center of MBG is a low-pressure region because of the centrifugal force. The ambient air is automatically sucked into the center, and a high voltage (3~4 kV) power is applied to create the discharge in the water simultaneously. A turbulent water pipe flow with the Re ~ 160,000 flows through the region with a strong shear force that cut the big air bubble into small plasma bubbles. A stainless steel mesh with different sizes is attached at the end of the pipe. The results show that the average sizes of the PAMBs ranges from 70 μm through 45 μm using a mesh from 547 μm through 77 μm, respectively. In this study, CFD simulations of a swirling injector with different dimensions are first performed to decide the optimal design that can suck the ambient air into the MB generator automatically. An experimental setup including a jet pump, plumbing, and a MBs generator with an end-attached mesh is established. The setup is demonstrated to be able to generaten milky MBs for lasting approximately two minutes after the jet pump is shut down. For the MBs size-distribution measurement system, the MBs water is obtained by a beaker from the test zone and is poured into a T-shaped transparent container for optical observation using a 40X stereo microscope with a high-resolution camera (6400*4000). ImageJ is then used to analyze the size distribution of MBs. It is found that MBs size distribution varies less than 4% with different measuring time (< 120s) and different position under water surface (< 20cm).
摘要 i
Abstract ii
致謝 iv
目錄 v
表目錄 viii
圖目錄 ix
符號說明 xiii
一、緒論 1
1.1 研究背景 1
1.2 文獻回顧 3
1.2.1 微氣泡的應用 3
1.2.2 微氣泡的特性 4
1.2.3 微氣泡產生方法統整 6
1.2.2.1 旋切式(Swirling method) 6
1.2.2.2 文氏管式(Venturi method) 6
1.2.2.3 噴射式(Ejector method)7
1.2.2.4 加壓溶解式(Pressurized dissolution method) 7
1.2.4 電漿生成與微氣泡結合 7
1.2.4.1 高電場作用於微氣泡水 8
1.2.4.2 電漿產生物質包進微氣泡 9
1.3 研究動機 10
1.4 研究目標 11
1.5 研究規劃 12
二、數值模擬方法 13
2.1 概述 13
2.2 統御方程式 13
2.3 數值方法 14
2.4 旋切式微氣泡產生器模型設計與邊界條件設定 14
三、實驗設備及方法 15
3.1 概述 15
3.2 電漿微氣泡水產生系統的概述 15
3.2.1 噴射式泵浦 16
3.2.2 旋切式微氣泡產生器 16
3.2.3 正弦電壓電源供應器 17
3.2.4 常壓空氣電漿束與不鏽鋼網之電極配置 17
3.3 量測方法與儀器 17
3.3.1 微氣泡粒徑分析方法 17
3.3.1.1 千萬畫素高階立體顯微鏡 18
3.3.1.2 透明壓克力T型觀測槽 18
3.3.1.3 Image J影像分析與計算微氣泡粒徑大小分佈 18
3.3.2 不同時間、高度的微氣泡粒徑量測方法 19
四、結果與討論 21
4.1 數值模擬部分 21
4.1.1 網格收斂 21
4.1.2 比較文氏管產生方式與旋切式 22
4.1.3 模型尺寸變化和喉口低壓區的產生 23
4.2實驗部分 25
4.2.1 電漿微氣泡水產生結果 25
4.2.2 不鏽鋼網對微氣泡粒徑影響 27
4.2.3 時間與高度對微氣泡粒徑影響 28
五、結論與未來展望 29
5.1結論 29
5.2未來展望 30
參考文獻 31
附錄-表格 36
附錄-圖片 42
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