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研究生:鄭博元
研究生(外文):Cheng, Po-Yuan
論文名稱:開發雙層結構於穩定高效能錫鈣鈦礦太陽能電池之應用
論文名稱(外文):Development of Bilayer Structures for Highly Efficient and Stable Tin-based Perovskite Solar Cells
指導教授:刁維光
指導教授(外文):Diau, Wei-Guang
口試委員:楊耀文曾建銘
口試委員(外文):Yang, Yaw-WenTseng, Chien-Ming
口試日期:2020-07-31
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立交通大學
系所名稱:應用化學系碩博士班
學門:自然科學學門
學類:化學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2020
畢業學年度:109
語文別:中文
論文頁數:85
中文關鍵詞:鈣鈦礦雙層結構太陽能電池
外文關鍵詞:perovskitebilayertin-basedsolar cells
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本篇論文主要以無鉛錫鈣鈦礦為主,透過使用六氟異丙醇(1,1,1,3,3,3-Hexafluoro-2-propanol,HFP)來取代異丙醇,並使用順序沉積八種不同的胺陽離子在3D E1G20鈣鈦礦層上,形成2D/3D或是quasi-2D/3D結構作為光吸收層,並使用GIWAXS、SEM、PL、XRD、C-AFM 及TAS證明其雙層結構的存在。在使用苯胺陽離子後,能大幅使轉換效率從最高效率8.7 %提高至10.4 %,並在元件未封裝的情況下,在空氣環境中保持優異的穩定性。我們也首次在錫鈣鈦礦太陽能電池上進行熱穩定的測試,在持續光照並加熱再冷卻元件後,我們觀察到苯胺雙層結構有所謂的自癒現象發生,並表現出遠優於E1G20的熱穩定性。
To solve the toxic issue for new-generation solar cells, tin-based perovskite solar cells are promising alternative to their lead counterparts but they suffered from poor stability due to their tempting tin oxidation. Herein we report a new sequential deposition approach using the solvent, hexylfluoro-2-propanol (HFP), to deposit eight bulky ammonium cations on top of the 3D layer to form a 2D/quasi-2D layer to protect the tin perovskite grains from moisture penetration. The formation of the 2D layer was confirmed by GIWAXS, SEM, PL,XRD and TAS studies. We found that the alilinium (AN) device showed remarkable performance for the efficiency over 10 % with great stability in ambient air without encapsulation. The AN device also showed a self-healing effect on performance when it was imposed to severe environment under continuous light-soaking in one-sun illumination and thermal stress between 20 and 50 C for 10 cycles.
摘要 i
Abstract ii
目錄 iv
圖目錄 vi
表目錄 ix
第一章 緒論 1
第二章 文獻回顧 3
2-1 鈣鈦礦結構介紹 3
2-2 太陽能鈣鈦礦電池元件結構 5
2-3 鈣鈦礦太陽能電池元件薄膜技術 6
2-4 太陽能鈣鈦礦電池穩定度議題 7
2-5 鉛鈣鈦礦電池毒性問題 14
2-6 錫鈣鈦礦電池的引進以及優化手段 16
2-7 錫鈣鈦礦電池當前發展所面臨的困難 34
2-8 本研究的目的與發展 36
第三章 實驗步驟與量測方法 37
3-1實驗藥品及儀器 37
3-2 實驗步驟 41
3-3鈣鈦礦太陽能電池元件量測 44
第四章 結果與討論 49
4-1 研究動機 49
4-2 混入大陽離子形成2D/3D結構鈣鈦礦 50
4-3 比較IPA與HFP對鈣鈦礦薄膜型態的影響 53
4-4 雙層結構優化的初步嘗試 55
4-5 以GIWAXS、PL、TAS及XRD證明雙層結構的存在 57
4-6 不同陽離子形成之雙層結構對鈣鈦礦形貌的影響 64
4-7 討論不同陽離子對生命期的影響 67
4-8 探討不同陽離子雙層結構對元件效率影響 69
4-9 空氣下穩定性之測量 73
4-10 光照下穩定性及熱穩定性之測量 76
第五章 結論 78
參考文獻 79
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