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研究生:姚宗誠
研究生(外文):Zong-Cheng Yao
論文名稱:應用奈米複合材料於鈣鈦礦太陽能電池緩衝層之研究
論文名稱(外文):Investigation of Applying Nanocomposite Materials as Buffer Layers for Perovskite Solar Cells
指導教授:蔡志宏蔡志宏引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chih-Hung Tsai
口試委員:游源祥莊沁融
口試委員(外文):Yuan-Hsiang YuChin-Jung Chuang
口試日期:2021-06-08
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立東華大學
系所名稱:光電工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2021
畢業學年度:109
語文別:中文
論文頁數:91
中文關鍵詞:鈣鈦礦太陽能電池複合材料緩衝層還原氧化石墨烯
外文關鍵詞:Perovskite solar cellsComposite materialBuffer layerReduced graphene oxide
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  鈣鈦礦太陽能電池是一種新穎的薄膜太陽能電池,是近年來發展速度非常快的太陽能電池,截至2021年,光電轉換效率已經突破了25%,相較於已研究許久的單晶矽太陽能電池所保持的最高光電轉換效率已經不遠了,由於鈣鈦礦太陽能電池具有諸多優異的特性,如高吸光係數、更長的載子擴散長度、適當的能隙,以及良好的載子移動率等,是非常有開發潛能的電池,也是目前許多研究團隊、科學家研究、開發的方向之一。
  本研究利用材料分析以及元件特性分析來研究不同的材料與製程對於鈣鈦礦太陽能電池的優化效果,共有三個部分,第一部分:「使用複合型材料,還原氧化石墨烯/銅,應用於鈣鈦礦太陽能電池電洞傳輸層PEDOT:PSS之上作為緩衝層,並嘗試不同比例來找出最佳優化元件的濃度,透過分析得出複合材料能提升元件的導電性,以及在J-V Curve中得知GO:Cu在比例1:10為最佳,達到10.50%的光電轉換效率。」
  第二部分:「使用複合型材料,還原氧化石墨烯/鎳,應用於鈣鈦礦太陽能電池電洞傳輸層PEDOT:PSS之上作為緩衝層,並嘗試不同比例來找出最佳優化元件的濃度,透過分析得出複合材料能提升元件的導電性,以及在J-V Curve中得知GO:Ni在比例1:10為最佳,達到12.58%的光電轉換效率。」
  第三部分:「使用複合型材料,還原氧化石墨烯/鈷,應用於鈣鈦礦太陽能電池電洞傳輸層PEDOT:PSS之上作為緩衝層,並嘗試不同比例來找出最佳優化元件的濃度,透過分析得出複合材料能提升元件的導電性,以及在J-V Curve中得知GO:Co在比例1:1為最佳,達到11.59%光電轉換效率。」
Perovskite solar cells (PSCs) are a new kind of thin film solar cell, which have developed very fast in recent years. As of now (2021), the power conversion efficiency has exceeded 25%. Compared with the power conversion efficiency maintained by monocrystalline silicon solar cells that have been studied for a long time, the efficiency between the two is very close. Because of perovskite solar cell have several excellent properties, such as high absorption coefficient, longer carrier diffusion length, optimal band gap, and high carrier mobility, etc. This kind of solar cell has great development potential and has become one of the research directions of many research teams and scientists.
In this study, through materials analysis and solar cell characteristic analysis, we investigated the optimization of the materials and processes on perovskite solar cells. This study is divided into three parts. First, we used reduced graphene oxide/copper (GO/Cu) nanocomposites as a buffer layer on the PEDOT:PSS hole transport layer for PSCs. The results showed that the GO/Cu nanocomposites increased the conductivity of the PSCs. A highest power conversion efficiency of 10.50% was obtained when the device was fabricated with the GO/Cu 1:10 buffer layer.
Second, we used reduced graphene oxide/nickel (GO/Ni) composites as a buffer layer on PEDOT:PSS hole transport layer for PSCs. The results showed that the GO/Ni composites increased the conductivity of the PSCs. A highest power conversion efficiency of 12.58% was obtained when the device was fabricated with the GO/Ni 1:10 buffer layer.
Third, we used reduced graphene oxide/cobalt (GO/Co) nanocomposites as a buffer layer on PEDOT:PSS hole transport layer for PSCs. The results showed that the GO/Co nanocomposites increased the conductivity of the PSCs. A highest power conversion efficiency of 11.59% was obtained when the device was fabricated with the GO/Co 1:1 buffer layer.
第一章 緒論 1
第二章 金屬大環還原氧化石墨烯GO/Cu 應用於鈣鈦礦太陽能電池緩衝層 17
第三章 金屬大環還原氧化石墨烯GO/Ni 應用於鈣鈦礦太陽能電池緩衝層 39
第四章 金屬大環還原氧化石墨烯GO/Co 應用於鈣鈦礦太陽能電池緩衝層 61
第五章 總結論 83
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