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研究生:蔡蕙如
研究生(外文):Hui-Ju Tsai
論文名稱:提升台灣創新為核心邁向永續發展之新經濟政策研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study on a New Innovation-based Economic Policy for Sustainable Development in Taiwan
指導教授:林文程林文程引用關係
指導教授(外文):Wen-cheng Lin
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:中國與亞太區域研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:區域研究學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2021
畢業學年度:109
語文別:英文
論文頁數:259
中文關鍵詞:創新為核心之經濟政策創新政策永續發展綠色經濟台灣經濟政策
外文關鍵詞:Innovation-based Economic PolicyInnovation PolicySustainable DevelopmentGreen EconomyTaiwanese Economic Policy
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:269
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:66
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
本研究由永續發展和創新的角度,嘗試提供新思維,並構建經濟政策研究框架。永續發展和創新一直是近年全球關注的兩大議題。面對環境迅速退化、資源枯竭與氣候變化,各國政府開始注意到其嚴重性並進一步採取相應措施。而促進創新以提高經濟體的生產力,也是經濟政策制定者在經濟發展軌道上的重要議題。

本研究主要從以下方面探討。首先,本文構建經濟政策分析方法之基本架構(fundamental framework)。透過此基本架構,藉以研究經濟政策體系因素如何影響政策結果。其次,本研究以綠色經濟發展為目的,構建一個以創新為基礎的新經濟政策架構,並界定綠色經濟範圍,提出3E指標。此外,本文基於循證方法(evidence-based approach)建構提升國家創新能力之新架構。

依據基本架構,本研究歸納出台灣之傳統經濟政策模式;透過經濟政策模型的建立與指標應用,檢視傳統台灣經濟政策模式與創新型經濟政策模型之間的差異,並進一步探討傳統台灣經濟政策模式對於永續發展之影響。
在台灣研究方面,通過定性和定量分析發現,台灣政治民主化過程,弱化了傳統自上而下的發展型國家經濟決策模式,導致傳統模式已不合時宜。定量分析結果顯示,現行政策模式對經濟的永續發展具有負面影響。整體而言,台灣未來經濟政策發展,需要新的典範轉變。希望本研究能對台灣政策制定者有所助益。
This study builds a framework of economic policy approach, which aims to provide a new way of thinking from the perspectives of sustainable development and innovation. Sustainable development and innovation has been two major issues gaining significant concerns worldwide. Facing the rapid degraded environment, depleted resources and climate change, governments started to notice the severity and further take measures to combat the environmental impacts. In addition, promoting innovation to improve productivity and welfare has also become an essential issue on the track to economic development for policy makers.

The thesis focuses on the following aspects. First, it proposes a fundamental framework for the analysis of economic policy approaches. Through this fundamental framework, how the factors of an economic policy system affect the policy outcomes can be examined. Second, this study builds a new framework of innovation-based economic policy approach for the development of a green economy. For the purpose of policy outcome assessment, the scope of a green economy is identified and the relevant 3E indicators are proposed. In addition, a new framework grounded on the idea of an evidence-based approach for the enhancement of national innovation capacity is also established.

Third, based on the proposed fundamental framework, this study creates the model for the conventional economic policy in Taiwan. Through the establishment of the conventional economic policy model and the application of the indicators proposed in the innovation-based economic policy model, this study examines the differences between Taiwan’s model and the innovation-based economic policy model.

About the research of Taiwan, via both qualitative and quantitative analysis, this thesis examines the conventional industrial policy and its impacts in Taiwan. It is found that the traditional top-down model of developmental state for the economic policy decision making has been undermined during Taiwan’s political democratization. The conventional Developmental State model does not fit the current development in Taiwan any more. The results of quantitative analysis also shows that the current policy model has negative impacts on the sustainable development of the economy. The analytical outcomes suggests that Taiwan needs a new paradigm of economic policy for its future economic development. This may provide good implication for the policy makers in Taiwan.
論文審定書…………………………………………………………………………….i
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS (謝誌)……………………………………………………ii
中文摘要……………………………………………………………………………...vi
ABSTRACT………………………………………………………………………….vii
TABLE OF CONTENTS…………………………………………...………………...ix
LIST OF FIGURES………………………………………………………………….xiii
LIST OF TABLES…………………………………………………………………...xvi
LIST OF BOXES………………………………………………..……………...….xviii
CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION………………………………..……………………1
1.1 Motivation…………………………………………………………………… 2
1.2 Research Objectives…………………………………………………………15
1.3 Literature Review……………………………………...……………………16
1.4 Methodology………………………………………………………...………24
1.5 Structure of the Thesis………………………………………………………38
SECTION I. BUILDING A NEW MODEL FOR A GREEN ECONOMY…………..40
CHAPTER 2. PHASE I: SCREENING THE SCOPE OF A GREEN ECONOMY ………………………………………………………………………..…………46
2.1 Definition of Sustainable Development………..……………………………46
2.2 Definition of Green Economy……………………….………………………50
2.3 The Scope of A Green Economy…………………….………………………52
CHAPTER 3. PHASE II: PRINCIPLES AND RATIONALES OF POLICY INTERVENTIONS……………………………………………………………… …..55
3.1 Identifying Policy Principles………………………………...………………55
3.2 Rationales of Government Interventions……………………………………64
CHAPTER 4. PHASE III: BUILDING THE MODEL: A NEW FRAMEWORK OF INNOVATION-BASED ECONOMIC POLICY…………………………………….68
4.1 The Intended Effects of A New Economic Policy: The Directionality……..69
4.2 Systemic Level of Economic Policy …………………………………..……72
4.3 The Policymaking Hierarchy: Setting-up Policy Strategy to Enhance National Innovation Capability…………………………………………………………...77
4.4 Concluding Remarks: A Comparison with Other Economic Approaches….……………………..……………………………………………79
CHAPTER 5. NATIONAL INNOVATION CAPABILITY STUDY………………89
5.1 The Importance of Innovation: A Re-examination…………………….……89
5.2 Innovation and Innovation Cycle……………………………………………94
5.3 An Analytical Framework of National Innovation Capacity……………….100
SECTION II. AN ASSESSMENT OF CONVENTIONAL ECONOMIC POLICIES IN TAIWAN……………………………………………………………………………109
CHAPTER 6. THE CONVENTIONAL MODEL OF ECONOMIC POLICIES IN TAIWAN……………………………………………………………………………110
6.1 The Conventional Economic Policies in Taiwan: A Historical Review……110
6.2 Innovation Policy Analysis: The Case of Asian Silicon Valley Development Plan………………………………………………………………….…………119
6.3 The Conventional Policy Model of The State Intervention……….……….127
CHAPTER 7. AN ASSESSMENT OF TAIWAN’S ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE: QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS……………………………………..………………130
7.1 Sustainability of Taiwan’s Economy………………………………………130
7.2 An Assessment of Taiwan’s National Innovation Capability………………149
7.3 Discussion and Concluding Remarks………………………………………155
CHAPTER 8. AN ASSESSMENT OF TAIWAN’S ECONOMIC POLICY: QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS…………………………..…………………………..164
8.1 Developmental State and Democratization in Taiwan…………………….164
8.2 The Constraints of the Policymaking………………………………………169
8.3 Concluding Remarks ………………………………………………………172
CHAPTER 9. CONCLUSION……………………………………………………..176
REFERENCE……………………………………………………………………….185
APPENDICES………………………………………………………………………204
Appendix 1. The 17 Sustainable Development Goals of the 2030 Agenda…………204
Appendix 2. The Innovation Policy Modules in Asian Silicon Valley Project Plan. …………………………………………………………………………………205
Appendix 3. The innovation Policy Instruments in Asian Valley Project Plan………209
Appendix 4. Abbreviations of Industries in Taiwan…………………………………214
Appendix 5. The Indicators of 2020 Environmental Performance Index……………217
Appendix 6. Country Profiles……………………………………………………….219
Appendix 7. Data source of the Country Profiles……………………………………221
Appendix 8. A Comparison of National Innovation Systems in 16 Economies……..222
Appendix 9. Data source of the National Innovation Systems………………………233
Appendix 10. The Draft of the Financial Technology Development and Innovation Experiment Act: Original Version in Chinese……………………………………….240
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