跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(3.236.110.106) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/07/27 18:40
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:張雅駗
研究生(外文):Ann Jil Chong
論文名稱:Probing into Taiwan’s Startup Ecosystem for Women’s Entrepreneurship
論文名稱(外文):Probing into Taiwan’s Startup Ecosystem for Women’s Entrepreneurship
指導教授:葉俶禎葉俶禎引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chu-Chen Rosa Yeh
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣師範大學
系所名稱:國際人力資源發展研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:其他商業及管理學類
論文出版年:2021
畢業學年度:109
語文別:英文
論文頁數:139
外文關鍵詞:Women's entrepreneurshipStartup ecosystemthe 5M Framework
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:8
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
Taiwan’s aging population has led to concern over the continued viability of Taiwan’s economy for more than a decade. Meanwhile, the emergence of both digital and social innovation startups have begun to impact Taiwan’s industrial trajectories and economic development. The aim of this study is to delve into women’s entrepreneurship in Taiwan’s startup ecosystem as an increase in entrepreneurship yields better employment opportunities, higher government tax revenues, and improved personal incomes. This study employs a qualitative approach as a means to uncover the topic. Data were collected from a series of semi-structured interviews with eight women entrepreneurs and twelve other stakeholders from the startup communities. Taiwan is chosen as the context of this study because the Taiwanese government not merely see the women entrepreneurs as part of the solutions for Taiwan’s aging society, but also the turning point for the economy. For this purpose, this study applies the 5M framework, which includes facets such as money, management, market, meso and macro environment, and motherhood to unveil the low share of women’s entrepreneurs in Taiwan’s startup ecosystem. Findings revealed that the most discussed facets are management, money, and motherhood. But, motherhood contributes to the low share of women’s entrepreneurship in Taiwan. These findings have crucial implications for the Taiwanese Ministry of Labor on policies regarding to the leave application.
ABSTRACT I
TABLE OF CONTENTS II
LIST OF TABLES IV
LIST OF FIGURES V
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT VI

CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION 1
Background of the Study 1
Problem Statement 5
Research Purpose 7
Research Question 8
Definition of Key Terms 8

CHAPTER II LITERATURE REVIEW 10
Women’s Entrepreneurship 10
Startup 14
Startup Ecosystem 16
Women’s Entrepreneurship “5M” Framework 27

CHAPTER III METHODOLOGY 31
Research Approach 31
Research Framework 31
Research Procedure 33
Research Participants 36
Data Collection 43
Data Analysis 44

CHAPTER IV FINDINGS & DISCUSSION 46
The ‘5M’ Category System 46
The Macro Environment 49
The Meso Environment 58
Money 62
Management 66
Market 77
Motherhood 80

CHAPTER V CONCLUSIONS & SUGGESTIONS 86
Conclusion 86
Theoretical Implication 94
Practical Implication 96
Limitation and Future Research Suggestions 97

REFERENCES 99
APPENDIX A: INTERVIEW QUESTION 118
APPENDIX B: ATLAS.ti REPORT 121
飛雁計畫 (Women's Entrepreneurship Program). (2016). 關於我們 (About). 女性創業:飛雁計畫 (Women's Entrepreneurship Program). Retrieved from
https://woman.sysme.org.tw/Article/Visitor/Page_Detail.aspx?SiteMapItemId=9

Ács, Z. J., Szerb, L., Lafuente, E. & Lloyd, A. (2017). The global entrepreneurship index 2018. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Laszlo-
Szerb/publication/322757639_The_Global_Entrepreneurship_Index_2018/links/5c040b02a6fdcc1b8d503a9e/The-Global-Entrepreneurship-Index-2018.pdf

Özsungur, F. (2019). A research on women's entrepreneurship motivation: Sample of Adana Province. Women's Studies International Forum, 74, 114-126.

Adler, P., Florida, R., King, K., & Mellander, C. (2019). The city and high-tech startups: The spatial organizaiton of Schumpeterian entrepreneurship. Cities, 87, 121-130.

Ahl, H., & Nelson, T. (2010). Moving forward: Institutional perspectives on gender and entrepreneurship . International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship, 2(1), 5-9.

Ahluwalia, S., Mahto, R. V., & Guerrero, M. (2020). Blockchain technology and startup financing: A transaction cost economics perspective. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 151, 119854.

Akhter, R., & Ward, K. B. (2009). Globalization and gender equality: A critical analysis of women's empowerment in the global economy. In Perceiving Gender Locally, Globally, and Intersectionally. Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

Aktas, M. (2014). Moderating effect of idiocentrism and allocentrism on person-organization person-job fit and work attitudes relationship. Cross Cultural Management.

Aldrich, H. E., & Cliff, J. E. (2003). The pervasive effects of family on entrepreneurship: Toward a family embeddedness perspective. Journal of Business Venturing, 18(5), 573-596.

Allen, S. D., Link, A. N., & Rosenbaum, D. T. (2007). Entrepreneurship and human capital: Evidence of patenting activity from the academic sector. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 31(6), 937-951.

Alvesson, M., & Deetz, S. (2000). Doing critical management research. London: Sage.

Arplanet. (2018). About. Arplanet beyond Reality. Retrieved from
https://www.arplanet.com.tw/en/about_en/

Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation. (2014, November 11). 2014 Leaders' declaration. Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation. Retrieved from https://www.apec.org/Meeting-Papers/Leaders-Declarations/2014/2014_aelm

Bagheri, A. (2017). The impact of entrepreneurial leadership on innovation work behavior and opportunity recognition in high-technology SMEs. The Journal of High Technology Management Research, 28(2), 159-166.

Bagheri, A., & Pihie, Z. A. L. (2010). Entrepreneurial leadership learning: In search of missing links. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 7, 470-479.

Barr, P. S. (2004). Current and Potential Importance of Qualitative Methods in Strategy Research. Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

Bates, T., Jackson III, W. E., & Johnson Jr., J. H. (2007). Advancing research on minority entrepreneurship. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 613(1), 10-17.

Becker-Blease, J. R., & Sohl, J. E. (2007). Do women-owned businesses have equal access to angel capital? Journal of Business Venturing, 22(4), 503-521.

Becker-Blease, J. R., & Sohl, J. E. (2011). The effect of gender diversity on angel group investment. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 35(4), 709-733.

Bell, D. A. (2008). Confucian Political Ethics. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Berger, E. S., & Kuckertz, A. (2016). Female entrepreneurship in startup ecosystem worldwide. Journal of Business Research, 69(11), 5163-5168.

Bootsman, R. (2017). Who can you trust? How technology brought us together and why it might drive us apart. Hachette UK.

Bosma, N., & Kelley, D. (2019). Global entrepreneurship monitor: 2018/2019 global report. Global Entrepreneurship Research Association (GERA). Retrieved from
https://www.gemconsortium.org/report/gem-2018-2019-global-report

Breen, R. H., & Leung, A. (2020). Choosing mothering and entrepreneurship: A relational career-life process. International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship, 12(3), 1756-6266.

Bruni, A., Gherardi, G., & Poggio, B. (2004). Doing gender, doing entrepreneurship: An ethographic account of interwined practices. Gender, Work and Organization, 11(4), 406-429.

Brush, C. G., De Bruin, A., & Welter, F. (2009). A gender-aware framework for women's entrepreneurship. International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship, 1(1), 8-24.

Brush, C. G., Duhaime, I. M., Gartner, W. B., Stewart, A., Katz, J. A., Hitt, M. A., Alvarez, S. A., Meyer G. D. & Venkataraman, S. (2003). Doctoral education in the field of entrepreneurship. Journal of Management Psychology, 29(3), 309-331.

Bui, H. T., Zeng, Y., & Higgs, M. (2017). The role of person-job fit in the relationship between transformational leadership and job engagement. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 32(5), 373-386.

Burrell, G., & Morgan, G. (1979). Sociological paradigms and organizational analysis: Elements of the sociology of corporate life. London: Heinemann Educational Books.

Busenitz, L. W., West III, G. I., Shepherd, D., Nelson, T., Chandler, G. N., & Zacharakis, A. (2003). Entrepreneurship research in emergence: Past trends and future directions. Journal of Management, 29(3), 285-308.

Byrne, J., Fattoum, S., & diaz Garcia, M. C. (2019). Role models and women entrepreneurs: Entrepreneurial superwoman has her say. Journal of Small Business Management, 57(1), 154-184.

Cabrera, E. M., & Mauricio, D. (2017). Factors affecting the success of women's
entrepreneurship: A review of literature. International Journal of Gender and
Entrepreneurship, 9(1), 31-65.

Cacciolatti, L., Rosli, A., Ruiz-Alba, J., & Chang, J. (2020). Strategic alliances and firm performance in startups with a social mission. Journal of Business Research, 106, 106-117.

Cambridge Dictionary. (2019). Meaning of challenge in English. Cambridge Dictionary. Retrieved from https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/challenge

Chao, P. (2019, December 19). Gov't unveils "Startup Island TAIWAN" logo to promote innovation. Radio Taiwan International. Retrieved from https://en.rti.org.tw/news/view/id/2002407

Chau, S., Chaudhary, B., & Eliott, R. (2020). Social entrepreneurs: Leveraging business tools to solve the world's problems. Forbes 30 Asia: Under 30. Retrieved from https://www.forbes.com/30-under-30-asia-2016/social-entrepreneurs/#19ded7562bbb

Chiu, P., & Yen, W. (2019, August 5). More women heading social innovation businesses than SMEs: Poll. Focus Taiwan: CNA English News. Retrieved from
https://focustaiwan.tw/business/201905080018

Chou, W. C. Grace. (2019, September 25). Ageing right in Taiwan. East Asia Forum. Retrieved from https://www.eastasiaforum.org/2019/09/25/ageing-right-in-taiwan/

CLBC. (2019). CLBC: The best co-working space, private office, and venue for you and your business! Retrieved from https://clbc.tw/clbc-co-working-space-taipei/

Cockayne, D. (2019). What is a startup firm? A methodological and epistemological
investigation into research objects in Economic Geography. Geoforum, 107, 1-11.

Coleman, S., & Robb, A. (2016). The next wave: Financing women's growth-oriented firms. Stanford University Press.

Cruz, C., Justo, R., & De Castro, J. O. (2012). Does family employment enhance MSEs performance? Integrating socioemotional wealth and family embeddedness perspectives. Journal of Business Venturing, 27(1), 62-76.

Danish, A. Y., & Smith, H. L. (2012). Female entrepreneurship in Saudi Arabia: Opportunities and challenges. International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship, 4(3), 216-235.

Datta, P. B., & Gailey, R. (2012). Empowering women through social entrepreneurship: Case study of a women's cooperative in India. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 36(3), 569-587.

Davis, A. E., & Shaver, K. G. (2012). Understanding gendered variations in business growth intentions across the life course. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 36(3), 495-512.

De Bruin, A. (2007). Advancing a framework for coherent research on women’s
entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 31(3), 323-339.

de Lurdes Calisto, M., & Sarkar, S. (2017). Organizations as biomes of entrepreneurial life: Towards a clarification of the corporate entrepreneurship process. Journal of Business Research, 70, 44-54.

de Waal, F. B. (2008). Putting the altruism back into altruism: The evolution of empathy. Annual Review of Psychology, 59, 279-300.

DeAeth, D. (2019, February 19). High school English test draws attention for insult to Taiwan's President Tsai. Taiwan News. Retrieved from https://www.taiwannews.com.tw/en/news/3641216

deMarrais, K. (2014). Qualitative interview studies: Learning through experience. (K. deMarrais, & S. Lapan, Eds.) Mahwah: NJ: Erlbaum.

Denzin, N. (1978). The research act: A theoretical introduction to sociological methods (2nd ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.

Denzin, N. K., & Lincoln, Y. S. (2005). Introduction: The discipline and practice of qualitative research. In N. Denzin, & Y. Lincoln (Eds.), The Sage Handbook of Qualitative Research (3rd ed., pp. 1-28). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

DeTienne, D. R., & Chandler, G. N. (2007). The role of gender in opportunity identification. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 31(3), 365-386.

DiMaggio, P. (1982). Cultural entrepreneurship in nineteenth-century Boston: The creation of an organizationla base for high culture in America. Media, Culture and Society, 4(1), 33-50.

Duckworth, A. L. (2017). Grit: Why Passion and Resilience are the Secrets to Success. London, UK: Vermilion.

Eddleston, K. A., & Powell, G. N. (2008). The role of gender identity in explaining sex differences in business owners' career satisfier preferences. Journal of Business Venturing, 23(2), 244-256.

Egan, M. L., Matvos, G., & Seru, A. (2017, March). When Harry fired Sally: The double standard in publishing misconduct. NBER Working Paper Series. Retrieved from https://www.nber.org/system/files/working_papers/w23242/w23242.pdf

Eisenmann, T. R. (2013, January 10). Entrepreneurship: A working definition. Harvard Business Review. Retrieved from https://hbr.org/2013/01/what-is-entrepreneurship

Elia, G., & Margherita, A. (2018). Assessing the maturity of crowdventuring for corporate entrepreneurship. Business Horizons, 61(2), 271-283.

Erlingsson, C., & Brysiewicz, P. (2017, August 21). A hands-on guide to doing content analysis. African Journal of Emergency Medicine, 93-99.

Ewens, M., & Townsend, R. R. (2020, March). Are early stage investors biased against women? Journal of Financial Economics, 135(3), 653-677.

Fan, P. H. (2019). Taiwan's startup investment scene. Taiwan Institute of Economic Research. Taipei: FINDIT.

Feldman, M. P. (2014). The characteristic of innovative places: Entrepreneurial strategy, economic development, and prosperity. Small Business Economics, 43(1), 9-20.

Fogel, G. (2001). An analysis of entrepreneurial environment and enterprise development in Hungary. Journal of Small Business Management, 39(1), 103-109.

Gartner, W. B. (2012). Entrepreneurship as organization creation. In D. Hjorth (Ed.), Handbook on Organizational Entrepreneurship (pp. 21-30). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.

Gatewood, E. J., Brush, C. G., Carter, N. M., Greene, P. G, & Hart, M. M. (2009). Diana: A symbol of women entreprenuers' hunt for knowledge, money, and the rewards of entrepreneurship. Small Business Economics, 32(2), 129-144.

Gnyawali, D. R., & Fogel, D. S. (1994). Environments for entrepreneurship development: Key dimensions and research implications. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 18(4), 43-62.

Golla, A., Malhotra, A., Nanda, P., & Mehra, R. (2011). Understanding and measuring women's economic empowerment. International Center for Research on Women. Retrieved from https://www.icrw.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/10/Understanding-measuring-womenseconomic-
empowerment.pdf

Google Scholar. (2020, January 12). A gender-aware framework for women's entrepreneurship: Search within citing articles. Retrieved from
https://scholar.google.com/scholar?client=safari&rls=en&biw=713&bih=608&sxsrf=AC
YBGNQvy9_S6729b3pUium6FKq8SzQ6xA:1578787504354&um=1&ie=UTF-
8&lr&cites=16839418367013505153

Gupta, V. K., Goktan, A. B., & Gunay, G. (2014). Gender differences in evaluation of new business opportunity: A stereotype threat perspective. Journal of Business Venturing, 29(2), 273-288.

Gupta, V. K., Turban, D. B., & Pareek, A. (2013). Differences between men and women in opportunity evaluation as a function of gender stereotypes and stereotype activation. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 37(4), 771-788.

Gupta, V. K., Wieland, A. M., & Turban, D. B. (2019). Gender characterizations in
entrepreneurship: A multi-level investigation of sex-role stereotypes about high-growth, commercial, and social entrepreneurs. Journal of Small Business Management, 57(1),131-153.

Hathaway, I. (2016, March 1). What startup accelerators really do. Harvard Business Review. Retrieved from https://hbr.org/2016/03/what-startup-accelerators-really-do

Hatthakijphong, P., & Ting, H. I. (2019). Prioritizing successful entrepreneurial skills: An emphasis on the perspectives of entrepreneurs versus aspiring entrepreneurs. Thinking Skills and Creativity, 34, 100603.

Hechavarria, D. M., & Ingram, A. E. (2016). The entrepreneurial gender divide: Hegemonic masculinity, emphasized femininity and organizational forms. International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship, 8(3), 242-281.

Hill, C. W., Schilling, M. A., & Jones, G. R. (2016). Strategic Management: Theory. Boston: Cengage Learning.

Hjorth, D., Holt, R., & Steyaert, C. (2015). Entrepreneurship and process studies. International Small Business Journal, 33(6), 599-611.

Holmquist, C., & Sundin, E. (2020). Is there a place for gender questions in studies on entrepreneurship, or for entrepreneurship questions in gender studies? International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship, 12(2), 89-101.

Hsiao, S. (2020, August 5). Parental leave for fathers sought. Taiwan News. Retrieved from
https://www.taipeitimes.com/News/taiwan/archives/2020/08/05/2003741155

Hsieh, P. (2019, October 23). The key role Taiwan will play in Industry 4.0. Entrepreneur. Retrieved from https://www.entrepreneur.com/article/341247

Huang, T. (2019, November 22). Taiwan, US jointly hold women's empowerment expo. Taiwan News. Retrieved from https://www.taiwannews.com.tw/en/news/3822509

Humbert, A. L., & Drew, E. (2010). Gender, entrepreneurship and motivational factors in an Irish context. International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship, 2(2), 173-196.

Iakovleva, T., Solesvik, M., & Trifilova, A. (2013). Financial availability and government support for women entrepreneurs in transitional economies: Cases of Russia and Ukraine. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 20(2), 314-340.

IMD World Competitiveness Center. (2019). IMD world competitiveness ranking 2019: One year change. Retrieved from https://www.imd.org/contentassets/6b85960f0d1b42a0a07ba59c49e828fb/one-yearchange-vertical.pdf

International Entrepreneur Initiative Taiwan (IEIT). (2019). Taiwan social innovation
entrepreneurship. International Entrepreneur Initiative Taiwan. Retrieved from
https://startup.sme.gov.tw/social-innovation/

International Entrepreneur Initiative Taiwan (2015, November 8). Social enterprises taking off in Taiwan. International Entrepreneur Initiative Taiwan. Retrieved from
https://startup.sme.gov.tw/social-enterprises-taking-off-in-taiwan/

Isenberg, D. (2011). The entrepreneurship ecosystem strategy as a new paradigm for economic policy: Principles for cultivating entrepreneurship. Dublin: Institute of International European Affairs.

Isenberg, D. (2013). Worthless, impossible and stupid: How contrarian entrepreneurs create and capture extraordinary value. Cambridge: Harvard Business Review Press.

Iwamoto, D. K., Gordon, D., Oliveros, A., Perez-Cabello, A., & Brabham, T. L. (2013, July 1). The role of masculine norms and informal support on mental health in incarcerated men. Psychol Men Masc., 13(3), 283-293.

Jabareen, Y. (2009). Building a conceptual framework: philosophy, definitions, and procedure. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 8(4), 49-62.

Jan, I. C. (2019). Ecosystem: Taiwan Taipei city. Startup Genome. Retrieved from
https://startupgenome.com/ecosystems/taipei-city

Jennings, J. & Brush, C. (2013). Research on women entrepreneurs: Challenges to (and from) the broader entrepreneurship literature? The Academy of Management Annals, 663-715.

Jobs, S. (2005, June 14). 'You've got to find what you love,' Jobs says. Stanfords News. Retrieved from https://news.stanford.edu/2005/06/14/jobs-061505/

Johnson, M. A., Stevenson, R. M., & Letwin, C. R. (2018). A woman's place is in the ...startup! Crowdfunder judgements, implicit bias, and the stereotype content model. Journal of Business Venturing, 33(6), 813-831.

Junaid, M., Durrani, M., Mehbood-ur-Rashid., & Shaheen, N. (2015). Entrepreneurship as a society constructed phenomenon: Importance of alternate paradigms research. Journal of Managerial Sciences, 9(1), 35-48.

Justo, R., DeTienne, D. R., & Sieger, P. (2015). Failure or voluntary exit? Reassessing the female underperformance hypothesis. Journal of Business Venturing, 30(6), 775-792.

Kaufman, J. (2010). The Personal MBA. Penguin.

Khin, S., & Tau, H. (2018). Entrepreneurial opportunity recognition, exploitation and new venture success: Moderating role of prior market and technology knowledge.
International Journal of Entrepreneurship, 1-6. Retrieved from A:
https://www.abacademies.org/articles/entrepreneurial-opportunity-recognitionexploitation-and-new-venture-success-moderating-role-of-prior-market-and-technologyknowle-7793.html

Kim, W. C., & Mauborgne, R. (2017). Blue ocean shift: Beyond competing-proven steps to inspires confidence and seize new growth. London: Macmillan.

Klenke, K. (2016). Qualitative Research as Method. In Qualitative Research in the Study of Leadership (pp. 31-55). Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

Kuratko, D. F., McMullen, J. S., Hornsby, J. S., & Jackson, C. (2017). Is your organization conducive to the continuous creation of social value? Toward a social corporate entrepreneurship scale. Business Horizons, 60(3), 271-283.

Labuschagne, A. (2003). Qualitative research: Airy fairy or fundamental. The Qualitative Report, 8(1), 100-103.

Lambert, A. (2016). Confucian Ethics and Care: An Amicable Split? In M. Foust, & S. Tan (Eds.), Feminist Encounters with Confucius (Vol. 12, pp. 173-197). Leiden: Koninklijke Brill.

Langowitz, N., & Minniti, M. (2007). The entrepreneurial propensity of women.
Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 31(3), 341-364.

Leonidou, E., Christofi, M., Vrontis, D., & Thrassou, A. (2018). An integrative framework of stakeholder engagement for innovation management and entrepreneurship development. Journal of Business Research, 119, 245-258.

Leung, A. (2011). Motherhood and entrepreneurship: Gender role identity as a resource. International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship, 3(3), 254-264.

Lewis, P. (2014). Postfeminism, femininities and organization studies: Exploring a new agenda. Organization Studies, 35(12), 1845-1866.

Lincoln, Y., & Guba, E. (1985). Naturalistic inquiry. Thousand Oaks: Sage.

Lincoln, Y., & Guba, E. (2000). Paradigmatic controversies, contradictions, and emerging confluences. In N. Denzin, & Y. Lincoln (Eds.), Handbook of qualitative research (2nd ed.) (pp. 163-188). Thousand Oaks: Sage.

Longenecker, J. G., Petty, J. W., Palich, L. E. & Hoy, F. (2006). Small business management: Launching and growing entrepreneurial ventures (14th Edition ed.). Ohio: Thomson South-Western.

Loveline, A. A., Uchenna, O. I., & Karubi, N. P. (2014). Women entrepreneurship in Malaysia: An empirical assessment of the challenges faced by micro and small business owners in Kuching- Sarawak. International Journal of Humanities Social Science and Education, 1(4), 48-58.

Luger, M. I., & Koo, J. (2005). Defining and tracking business start-ups. Small Business Economics, 24(1), 17-28.

Madaleno, M., Nathan, M., Overman, H., & Waights, S. (2018). Incubators, accelerators and regional economic development. IZA Discussion Paper No. 11856, 1-23.

Mansoori, Y., Karlsson, T., & Lundqvist, M. (2019). The influence of the lean startup
methodology on entrepreneur-coach relationship in the context of a startup accelerator. Technovation, 84-85, 37-47.

Marshall, C., Lincoln, Y. S., & Austin, A. E. (1991). Integrating a qualitative and quantitative assessment of the quality of academic life: Political and logistical issues. New Directions for Institutional Research, (72), 65-80.

Mason, C., & Brown, R. (2013, November 7). Entrepreneurial ecosystems and growth oriented entrepreneurship. OECD. Retrieved from https://www.oecd.org/cfe/leed/Entrepreneurialecosystems.
pdf

McAdam, M. (2012). Female Entreprenurship. London: Routledge.

Merriam, S. B. (2009). Qualitative research: A guide to design and impementation (3rd ed.). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Mertens, D. (1998). Research methods in education and psychology. Thousand Oaks: Sage.

Meyer, N. (2018). Research on female entrepreneurship: Are we doing enough? Polish Journal of Management Studies, 17(2), 158-169.

Meyers-Levy, J., & Sternthal, B. (1991). Gender differences in the use of message cues and judgement. Journal of Marketing Research, 28(1), 84-96.

Michaelson, E. J., & Aaland, L. M. (1976). Masculity, Feminity, and Androgny. Ethos, 4(2), 251-270.

Miles, M., & Huberman, A. (1994). Qualitative Data Analysis: An Expanded Sorcebook (2nd ed.). California: Sage.

Mohan, K., & Subashini, R. (2016). Stress faced by women entrepreneurs: A critical review. Sona Global Management Review, 10(3), 85-92.

Moore, J. F. (1993, May-June). Predators and prey: A new ecology of competition. Harvard Business Review. Retrieved from https://hbr.org/1993/05/predators-and-prey-a-newecology-of-competition

Morse, J. (1994). Emerging from the data: The cognitive processes of analysis in qualitative inquiry. In J. Morse (Ed.), Critical Issues in Qualitative Research Methods (pp. 23-42). Thousand Oaks: Sage Publication.

Mukata, C. M., Ladzani, W., & Visser, T. (2018). The effectiveness of business management and entrepreneurship training offered by SME service providers in Namibia. African Journal of Business and Economic Research (AJBER), 13(2), 81-98.

Muntean, S. C., & Özkazanç-Pan, B. (2015). A gender integrative conceptualization of entrepreneurship. New England Journal of Entrepreneurship, 18(1), 27-40.

Mustapha, M., & Subramaniam, P. (2016). Challenges and success factors of female entrepreneurs: Evidence from a developing country. International Review of Management and Marketing, 6(4S), 224-231.

National Development Council (NDC). (2016, September 8). The Asia Silicon Valley
development plan: From IT to IoT- Engineering a new industrial transformation for
Taiwan. Retrieved from https://www.ndc.gov.tw/en/Content_List.aspx?n=90BEB862317E93FC

National Development Council (NDC). (2018a, February 8). Publicity briefing on the act for the recruitment and employment of foreign professionals. Retrieved from
https://ws.ndc.gov.tw/Download.ashx?u=LzAwMS9hZG1pbmlzdHJhdG9yLzExL3JlbG
ZpbGUvMC8xMDYwMi9mOGE0OGI2NC00MGU0LTQ3MGUtYmE3NS1lOTRmNjQ
2Y2JjNDMucGRm&n=TkRDIEJyaWVmaW5nLUFjdCBmb3IgdGhlIFJlY3J1aXRtZW5
0IGFuZCBFbXBsb3ltZW50IG9mIEZvcmVpZ24gUHJvZmVzc2lvbmFscy5wZGY%3d
&icon=..pdf

National Development Council (NDC). (2018b, February 28). The act for the recruitment and employment of foreign professionals formally enters into effect on February 8, 2018!
Retrieved from https://ws.ndc.gov.tw/Download.ashx?u=LzAwMS9hZG1pbmlzdHJhdG9yLzExL3JlbG
ZpbGUvMC8xMDYwMi9iMGNjNDNiNy1kNWJiLTQ0NjEtOWIwNC0xNjUyOWM2
ODcyMDYucGRm&n=MTA3MDIwOOS6uuaJjeWwiOazleaWveihjOaWsOiBnueovyjoi
7Hora8pLnBkZg%3d%3d&icon=..pdf

National Development Council (NDC). (2018c, December). Promoting the regional revitalization policy. National Development Council. Retrieved from
https://ws.ndc.gov.tw/Download.ashx?u=LzAwMS9hZG1pbmlzdHJhdG9yLzExL3JlbG
ZpbGUvMC8xMjQ3NC9mMzY0ZTM0Zi1hMzBiLTQ3ZTgtYWQzMi1jNWE2YWQ2
ODIzMGQucGRm&n=TmF0aW9uYWwgU3RyYXRlZ2ljIFBsYW4gZm9yIFJlZ2lvbmF
sIFJldml0YWxpemF0aW9uKOaIsOeVpeioiOeVq%2biLseitr%2beJiCko5L%2buKS5wZGY%3d&icon=..pdf

National Statistics Republic of China (Taiwan). (2019, October). Latest indicators. Retrieved from https://eng.stat.gov.tw/point.asp?index=9

Neck, H. M., Meyer, G. D., Cohen, B., & Corbett, A. C. (2004). An entrepreneurial system view of new venture creation. Journal of Small Business Management , 42(2), 190-208.

Nickels, W., McHugh, J., & McHugh, S. (2019). Understanding Business (12th Edition ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill Education.

North, D. (2010). Economics and Cognitive Science. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2(5), 7371-7376.

OECD. (2016). Start-up Latin America 2016: Builidng an innovative future. Paris: Development Centre Studies. Retrieved from https://www.oecd.org/dev/americas/Startups2016-
Assessment-and-Recommendations.pdf

Okazaki, S., & Hirose, M. (2009). Tourism management. Repositorio Institucional de la Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, 30(6), 794-804.

O'Leary, K., O'Reilly, P., Feller, J., Gleasure, R., Li, S., & Cristoforo, J. (2017). Exploring the application of blockchain technology to combat the effects of social loafing in cross functional group projects. Open Sym '17 Proceedings of the 13th International Symposium on Open Collaboration. New York: ACM.

Öner, M. A., & Kunday, Ö. (2016). A study on Schumpeterian and Kirznerian entrepreneurship in Turkey: 2006-2013. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 102, 62-71.

Onik, M., Miraz, M., & Kim, C.-S. (2018). A recruitment and human resource management technique using blockchain technology for Industry 4.0. Smart Cities Symposium 2018 (pp. 1-6). Manama: IET.

Osterwalder, A., & Pigneur, Y. (2010). Business Model Generation: A Handbook for Visionaries, Game Changers, and Challengers. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons.

Pang-White, A. A. (2018). Confucian Four Books for Women: A New Translation of the Nu Sishu and the Commentary of Wang Xiang. New York: Oxford University Press.

Paulgraham (2012, September). Startup=growth. Retrieved from
http://www.paulgraham.com/growth.html

Pokrovskaia, N. N., Spivak, V. A., & Snisarenko, S. O. (2018). Developing global qualification-competencies ledger on blockchain platform. 2018 XVII Russian Scientific and Practical Conference on Planning and Teaching Engineering Staff for the Industrial and Economic Complex of the Region (PTES) (pp. 209-212). Budva: IEEE.

Prevention and Control of COVID-19 in Taiwan. (2020, July 9). Prevention and control of COVID-19 in Taiwan. Taiwan Centers for Disease Control. Retrieved from
https://www.cdc.gov.tw/En/Category/Page/0vq8rsAob_9HCi5GQ5jH1Q

Rabinowitch, T. (2012). Musical games and empathy. Education and Health, 30(3), 80-84.

Rawat, P., Bhattacharjee, S. B., & Ganesh, V. (2020). Selective incivility, trust and general wellbeing: A study of women at workplace. Journal of Indian Business Research, 12(3), 301-324.

Richards, T., & Richards, L. (1998). Using computers in qualitative research. In N. Denzin, & Y. Lincoln (Eds.), Collecting and interpreting qualitative materials (pp. 211-245). California: Sage Publication.

Ries, E. (2011). The lean startup: How today's entrepreneurs use continuous innovation to create radically successful businesses. New York: Crown Business.

Rizvi, A., & Jillun-Noor, H. M. (2017). Women entrepreneurs in India: Issues and policies. International Journal of Research in Commerce and Management, 8(12), 31-36.

Robb, A. M., & Watson, J. (2012). Gender differences in firm performance: Evidence from new ventures in the United States. Journal of Business Venturing, 27(5), 544-558.

Roininen, S., & Ylinenpaa, H. (2009). Schumpeterian versus Kirzerian entrepreneurship: A comparison of academic and non-academic new venturing. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 16(3), 504-520.

Rosca, E., Agarwal, N., & Brem, A. (2020). Women entrepreneurs as agents of change: A comparative analysis of social entrepreneurship processes in emerging markets. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 157, 120067.

Rosenlee, L. L. (2006). Confucianim and Women: A Philosophical interpretation. Albany: State University of New York Press.

Roxas, H. B., Lindsay, V., Ashill, N., & Victoria, A. (2007). An institutional view of local entrepreneurial climate. Journal of Asia Entrepreneurship and Sustainability, 3(1), 1-28.

Ruiz, J., Soriano, D., & Coduras, A. (2016). Challenges in measuring readiness for
entrepreneurship. Management Decision, 54(5), 1022-1046.

Sandberg, S. (2013). Lean In: Women, Work, and the Will to Lead. New York: Knopf.

Sandelowski, M., & Barroso, J. (2004). Finding the findings in qualitative studies. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 34(3), 213-219.

Scavone, C. (2019, March 9). Tsai Ing-wenning them over: How Taiwan elected its first female president. Ketagalan Media. Retrieved from https://ketagalanmedia.com/2019/03/09/tsaiing-wenning-taiwan-elected-first-female-president/

Schippers, M., & Sapp, E. G. (2012). Reading pulp fiction: Femininity and power in second and third wave feminist theory. Feminist Theory, 13(1), 27-42.

Schneider, F. (2019, July 15). Audrey Tang discusses Taiwan's digital politics. Politics East Asia. Retrieved from http://www.politicseastasia.com/research/audrey_tang_interview/

Schwab, K. (2016). The Fourth Industial Revolution. Geneva: Penguin Random House UK.

Sekliuckiene, J., Vaitkiene, R., & Vainauskiene. (2018). Organizational learning in startup development and international growth. Entrepreneurial Business and Economics Review, 6(4), 125-144.

Shane, S., & Venkataraman, S. (2000). The promise of entrepreneurship as a field of research. Academy of Management Review, 25(1), 217-226.

Shapiro, E., Haseltine, F., & Rowe, M. (1978). Moving up: Role models, mentors, and the "patron system". Sloan Management Review (pre-1986), 19(3), 51-58.

Shin, C. (2016). A conceptual approach to the relationships between the social economy, social welfare, and social innovation. Journal of Science and Technology Policy Management, 7(2), 154-172.

Shinnar, R. S., Giacomin, O., & Janssen, F. (2012). Entrepreneurial perceptions and intentions: The role of gender and culture. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 36(3), 465-493.

Shontell, A. (2015, January 1). This is the definitive definition of a startup. Business Insider. Retrieved from https://www.businessinsider.com/what-is-a-startup-definition-2014-12

Small and Medium Enterprise Administration, Ministry of Economic Affairs (SMEA). (2018). White paper on small and medium enterprises in Taiwan 2018. Retrieved from https://book.moeasmea.gov.tw/book/doc_detail.jsp?pub_SerialNo=2018A01334&click=2018A01334

Small and Medium Enterprise Administration, Ministry of Economic Affairs (SMEA). (2019, October 25). Taiwan social innovation entrepreneurship. Retrieved from
startup.sme.gov.tw/social-innovation/

Spender, J. C., Corvello, V., Grimaldi, M., & Rippa, P. (2017). Startups and open innovation: A review of the literature. European Journal of Innovation Management, 20(1), 4-30.

Spilling, O. R. (1996). The entrepreneurial system: On entrepreneurship in the context of a mega-event. Journal of Business Research, 36(1), 91-103.

Startup Genome. (2019, May 9). Global startup ecosystem report 2019. Retrieved from
https://startupgenome.com/reports/global-startup-ecosystem-report-2019

Steve Blank (2010, April 12). Why startups are agile and opportunistic- Pivoting the business model. Retrieved from https://steveblank.com/2010/04/12/why-startups-are-agile-andopportunistic-–-pivoting-the-business-model/

Steyaert, C., & Katz, J. (2004). Reclaiming the space of entrepreneurship in society: Geographical, discursive and social dimension. Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, 16(3), 179-196.

Stone, B. (2017). The Upstarts: Uber, Airbnb, and the Battle for the New Silicon Valley. New York: Hachette Book Group.

Strobl, A., Bauer, F., & Matzler, K. (2020). The impact of industry-wide and target market environmental hostility on entrepreneurial leadership in mergers and acquisitions. Journal of World Business, 55(2), 100931.

Sullivan, D., & Meek, W. (2012). Gender and entrepreneurship: A review and process model. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 27(5), 428-458.

Sun Yat-Sen Management Education Foundation. (2019). Start From Her: 2019 Women Entrepreneurship Award. Taipei: Small and Medium Enterprise Administration, Ministry of Economic Affairs, R.O.C.

Taipei Times. (2020, March 9). Taiwan legislature top in Asia for gender equality. Taipei Times. Retrieved from
https://www.taipeitimes.com/News/taiwan/archives/2020/03/09/2003732361

Taiwan Digital Health Accelerator. (2018). About. The Phoenix Project. Retrieved from https://taiwanphoenix.com/about/

Taiwan News. (2019, December 10). Venture capital companies. Directory of Taiwan. Retrieved from
https://www.taiwannews.com.tw/guide/category/Venture%20Capital%20Companies?lang=english

Taiwan Startup Terrace. (2020). Innovation of future city. Facilities. Retrieved from
https://www.startupterrace.tw/en/facilities

Tang, A. (2018). Open source. Social innovation- Audrey Tang. HackMD. Retrieved from https://hackmd.io/s/coscup18-misc101-social-innovation

Teach for Taiwan. (2020). Teach for Taiwan. Retrieved from https://www.teach4taiwan.org

Teece, D., Pisano, G., & Shuen, A. (1997). Dynamic capabilities and strategic management. Strategic Management Journal, 18(7), 509-533.

The Nobel Prize. (2021). Nobel prize inspiration initiatives. The Nobel Prize. Retrieved from https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel-prize-inspiration-initiative/

Thébaud, S. (2016). Passing up the job: The role of gendered organizations and families in the entrepreneurial career process. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 40(2), 269-287.

Thiel, P. (2014). Zero to one: Notes on startups or how to build the future. New York, NY: Crown Publishing.

Tripathi, N., Seppänen, P., Boominathan, G., Oivo, M., & Liukkunen, K. (2019). Insights into startup ecosystems through exploration of multi-vocal literature. Information and Software Technology, 105, 56-77.

UAV Coach. (2014). Taiwan drone regulations. Drone Laws in Taiwan. Retrieved from https://uavcoach.com/drone-laws-in-taiwan/

UN Women. (2018, July). Facts and figures: Economic empowerment. UN Women. Retrieved from https://www.unwomen.org/en/what-we-do/economic-empowerment/facts-andfigures

United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population division. (2019, October 31). Taiwan (Republic of China) Population. Countrymeters. Retrieved from
https://countrymeters.info/en/Taiwan_(Republic_of_China)

United Nations Population Fund UNFPA. (2005). Frequently asked questions about gender equality. United Nations Population Fund. Retrieved from
https://www.unfpa.org/resources/frequently-asked-questions-about-gender-equality

Unnikrishnan, S., & Blair, C. (2019, July 30). Want to boost the global economy by $5 trillion? Support women as entrepreneurs. Boston Consulting Group. Retrieved from
https://www.bcg.com/publications/2019/boost-global-economy-5-trillion-dollar-supportwomen-entrepreneurs.aspx

van Winden, W., & Carvalho, L. (2019). Intermediation in public procurement of innovation: How Amsterdam's startup-in-residence programme connects stratups to urban challenges. Research Policy, 48(9), 103789.

Verheul, I., & Thurik, A. (2001). Start-up capital: Does gender matter? Small Business Economics, 16, 329-346.

Verheul, I., Stel, A. V., & Thurik, R. (2006). Explaining female and male entrepreneurship at the country level. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, 18(2), 151-183.

Verveer, M., & Azzarelli, K. (2015). Fast Forward: How Women can Achieve Power and Purpose. New York: Seneca Point Global.

Viengkham, D., Baumann, C., & Winzar, H. (2018). Confucianism: Measurement and
association with workforce performance. Cross Cultural and Strategic Management, 25(2), 337-374.

Wahab, A., & Tyasari, I. (2020). Entrepreneurial leadership for university leaders: A futuristic approach for Pakistani HEIs. Asia Pacific Management Review, 25(1), 54-63.

Wannamakok, W., & Chang, Y. (2020). Understanding nascent women entrepreneurs: An exploratory investigation into their entrepreneurial intentions. Gender in Management: An International Journal, 35(6), 553-566.

Wen, K. H., & Chung, Y. C. (2019, March 8). Tsai looks at gender equality in Taiwan on International Women's Day. Focus Taiwan. Retrieved from
https://focustaiwan.tw/politics/201903080010

Willson, N. (2019, October 21). What is a startup incubator? TOPMBA. Retrieved from https://www.topmba.com/blog/what-startup-incubator

World Bank Group. (2019). Doing business 2019: Training for reform. Retrieved from https://www.doingbusiness.org/content/dam/doingBusiness/media/Annual-
Reports/English/DB2019-report_web-version.pdf

World Bank Group. (2020). Doing business 2020. Retrieved from
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/bitstream/handle/10986/32436/9781464814402.pdf

World Bank Group. (2020). Women, business and the law. The World Bank. Retrieved from
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/bitstream/handle/10986/32639/9781464815324.pdf

World Economic Forum. (2019). The global competitiveness report 2019. Retrieved from http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_TheGlobalCompetitivenessReport2019.pdf

Worldometer. (2019). COVID-19 coronavirus pandemic. Worldometers. Retrieved from
https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/

Wu, Z., & Chua, J. H. (2012). Second-order gender effects: The case of US small business borrowing cost. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 36(3), 443-463.

Yadav, V., & Unni, J. (2016). Women entrepreneurship: Research review and future directions. Journal of Global Entrepreneurship Research, 6(1), 1-18.

Yang, T., & del Carmen Triana, M. (2019). Set up to fail: Explaining when women-led businesses are more likely to fail. Journal of Management, 45(3), 926-954.

Yang, W. Y. (2016). Differences in Gender-Role Attitudes between China and Taiwan. Asian Women, 32(4), 73-95.

YIE APEC. (2019). 2019 APEC forum on digital innovation and youth entrepreneurship: Building capacity and collaborative connectivity for young entrepreneurs. Retrieved from
https://www.yietaipei.com/

Yu, K. (2018, July 9). From the inaugural summit of "social innovation congress". Medium. Retrieved from https://medium.com/yuwanju/from-the-inaugural-summit-of-socialinnovation-congress-925e13b094a1

Yu, W. J. (2018). Karen Yu profile. Medium. Retrieved from https://medium.com/@yuwanju

Yu, W. J. (2018, July 2). Taiwan MPs initiate social innovation congress facilitating SDGs' actions for social impact scaling-up. Yuwanju. Retrieved from https://yuwanju.cc/taiwanmps-initiate-social-innovation-congress-facilitating-sdgs-actions-for-social-impactscaling-up/

Yun, J. (2015). How do we conquer the growth limits of capitalism? Schumpeterian dynamics of open innovation economy system. Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity, 1(17), 1-20.

Zacharakis, A. L., Shepherd, D. A., & Coombs, J. E. (2003). The development of venture-capital-backed internet companies: An ecosystem perspective. Journal of Business Venturing, 18(2), 217-231.

Zerwas, C. S. (2019). Work-life balance and women's entrepreneurship: An exploration of influencing factors. Cham, Switzerland: Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

Zhang, C., Wu, F., & Henke, J. W. (2015). Leveraging boundary spanning capabilities to encourage supplier investment a comparative study. Industrial marketing Management, 49, 84-94.
連結至畢業學校之論文網頁點我開啟連結
註: 此連結為研究生畢業學校所提供,不一定有電子全文可供下載,若連結有誤,請點選上方之〝勘誤回報〞功能,我們會盡快修正,謝謝!
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
無相關論文
 
無相關期刊
 
無相關點閱論文