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研究生:劉書豪
研究生(外文):Liu, Shu-Hao
論文名稱:以自組裝攜帶型人體呼氣感測裝置對人體各種狀態下的呼吸商進行探討
論文名稱(外文):Explore the Respiratory Quotient in Various States of Human Body by Self-Assembled Portable Human Breath Sensing Device
指導教授:林震煌
指導教授(外文):Lin, Cheng-Huang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣師範大學
系所名稱:化學系
學門:自然科學學門
學類:化學學類
論文出版年:2021
畢業學年度:109
語文別:中文
論文頁數:121
中文關鍵詞:氣體感測器人體呼氣呼吸商氧氣二氧化碳
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本研究使用氣體感測器為基礎,結合LabVIEW(Laboratory Virtual Instrumentation Engineering Workbench)電腦語言程式及獨創的氣哨聲波技術,成功開發出一款新型的攜帶式人體呼氣感測裝置,此裝置不只能對環境的氧氣及二氧化碳進行即時監測,還能對人體呼氣進行分析,本研究突破了以往大多數氣體分析實驗中須使用龐大且昂貴的氣象層析質譜儀的限制,人體呼氣感測裝置不只具有體積小且價格合理的優點,同時具備測量精準、操作簡單、不受環境限制及非侵入式設計等優勢,讓人體呼氣感測裝置在未來有相當大的發展空間。
在人體呼氣實驗中對受試者各種狀態下的呼吸商(respiratory quotient,RQ)進行探討,其中包含正常狀態、睡眠狀態(正常睡眠、午睡、失眠與賴床)及運動狀態(有氧運動與無氧運動),發現人體在睡眠狀態時,呼吸商大幅降低且隨著睡眠深度改變呈現三階段變化,而人體在有氧運動狀態時呼吸商呈S形線性下降,在無氧運動狀態時則小幅度上升,這些趨勢證明呼吸商與身體狀態具備高度關連性,使用人體呼氣感測裝置檢測呼吸商能作為判斷身體狀況的依據。
In this study, we used a gas sensor as the basis, in conjunction with the LabVIEW(Laboratory Virtual Instrumentation Engineering Workbench)computer language program and the original whistle sound wave technology, successfully developed a portable human breath sensing device. This device is not only used in the concentration measurement of the environment, but also used to analyze human breath. We break through the limitation of using large and expensive gas chromatography mass spectrometry in most gas analysis experiments. The advantage of human breath sensing device is small size, reasonable price, accurate measurement, simple operation and without the limitation of environment.
In the human breath experiment, the respiratory quotient of the subject under various states was explored. It was found that when human is in sleep state, the respiratory quotient is greatly reduced and presents a three-stage change according to sleep depth. We also found that the respiratory quotient decreases as an S-shape during aerobic exercise and increases slightly during anaerobic exercise.
摘要 i
Abstract ii
目次 iii
表次 vii
圖次 viii
第一章 緒論 1
1-1研究目的 1
1-2人體呼氣介紹 3
1-3呼吸商簡介 4
1-3-1呼吸商計算 5
1-3-2呼吸商應用 6
第二章 分析原理及方法 7
2-1市售氣體感測器 7
2-2光學式氣體感測器 7
2-2-1紅外線吸收介紹 7
2-2-2非散射性紅外線吸收氣體感測器 8
2-3電化學式氣體感測器 10
2-3-1電化學式氣體感測器開發簡介 10
2-3-2電化學式氧氣感測器 11
2-4氣哨音波感測器 12
2-4-1氣哨音波技術的應用 12
2-4-2氣哨發聲原理 13
2-4-3氣哨的設計與製作 13
2-5人體呼氣係數 15
2-6睡眠 16
2-7有氧運動及無氧運動 17
第三章 儀器與實驗方法 18
3-1 LabVIEW程式 18
3-2 123D Design軟體 20
3-3人體呼氣感測裝置 21
3-3-1 ULN2003微型驅動電路 24
3-3-2驅動器ULN2003 25
3-3-3繼電器LU-5H 26
3-3-4資料擷取裝置myDAQ 27
3-3-5氧氣感測器KE-50 28
3-3-6二氧化碳感測器CDM7160 29
3-4編寫LabVIEW程式 31
3-4-1即時監測LabVIEW程式 31
3-4-2人體呼氣LabVIEW程式 33
3-4-3資料處理LabVIEW程式 41
3-5儀器及周遭設備列表 43
3-6氣體樣品列表 46
3-7裝置商品化 47
第四章 結果與討論 49
4-1人體呼器裝置的校正 49
4-1-1未組裝感測器的多點校正 49
4-1-2氧氣校正 51
4-1-3二氧化碳校正 53
4-2正常狀態呼吸商的測量 55
4-3睡眠狀態呼吸商的測量 60
4-3-1正常睡眠的呼吸商 61
4-3-2特殊睡眠的呼吸商 68
4-3-3午睡的呼吸商 72
4-4運動狀態呼吸商的測量 76
4-4-1有氧運動的呼吸商 77
4-4-2無氧運動的呼吸商 92
第五章 結論 97
參考文獻 98
附錄 104
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