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研究生:鄺偉誠
研究生(外文):Kuong, Vai-Seng
論文名稱:無障礙旅遊倡議友善生活圈方案之策略研究
論文名稱(外文):Strategic Research on the Barrier-free Tourism Initiative Friendly Living Circle Program
指導教授:鄭勝分鄭勝分引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣師範大學
系所名稱:社會教育學系
學門:教育學門
學類:普通科目教育學類
論文出版年:2021
畢業學年度:109
語文別:中文
論文頁數:124
中文關鍵詞:無障礙旅遊友善生活圈影響地圖高齡社會身心障礙者策略研究
外文關鍵詞:barrier-free tourismfriendly living circleimpact mappingaging societypersons with disabilitiesstrategy research
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依 據 世 界 衛 生 組 織(World Health Organization, WHO)2014年世界報告統計,總人口5%是健康,20%其他人是經醫師診斷患有病,其次是75%人口是亞健康的情形。根據高齡社會白皮書規劃報告(衛生福利部,2015),台灣地區高齡健康及亞健康者約占 83.5%,失能者約占 16.5%,顯示多數的高齡者仍能自由行動。值得注意的是,因老化導致的身心不便,與一般因身心障礙導致的身心不便情況較為不同。因此,過去無障礙相關法令只關注身心不便者為對象的觀點亟須擴大,並關注一般健康的人、亞健康的人和失能的長者的友善生活環境。
依據內政部統計處2019年底止,65歲以上台灣老年人口360萬7,127人占了15.28%,而依據衛生福利統計處截至2020年第二季止統計,身心障礙者的總人數為119萬人占5.05%,兩者占總人口率20.33%。邁向超高齡社會的過程,台灣需要一個符合長者及身心障礙者的友善生活圈,每個人生活範圍空間以家為中心出發,從鄰里生活向外拓展,構成六大生活必需機能的生活圈,進而發揮社會影響,創造全人舒適的友善生活圈環境。
無障礙的旅遊環境更有利於社會大眾。打造無障礙旅遊環境不僅有助於高齡長者、身心障礙者及需求使用者,對一般社會大眾更有其重要性。以往的研究缺少倡議友善生活圈方案後之成效層面著墨,本研究以焦點團體訪談與德菲法問卷分析,以「無障礙旅遊倡議友善生活圈方案之策略研究」為目標。本研究結果,透過社會影響地圖策略分析,參與者對無障礙旅遊推動友善生活圈的評價是正面並肯定的。而在對無障礙旅遊倡議友善生活圈方案參與者之角色,不論是政府或旅遊業者都願意參與地方事務,推動社區營造,並建立地方永續發展終身學習機制;而無障礙旅遊倡議友善生活圈方案之配套措施,以訂立無障礙旅遊倡議友善生活圈方案相關之明確法規,諮詢平台管道,提供民眾查詢。
根據研究的結論,本研究發現建議社區主動進行,社區居民共同參與區域活化及發展的機會;無障礙旅遊倡議友善生活圈方案的作法及配套措施,政府以輔助的角色,提供教育訓練相關人員、促進產業轉型,促使無障礙旅遊倡議友善生活圈方案發展。而無障礙旅遊業者則以關懷社區,鼓勵並推動社區民眾參與,讓友善生活圈方案策略永續發展。

關鍵字:無障礙旅遊、友善生活圈、影響地圖、高齡社會、身心障礙者、策略研究
According to a 2014 global survey report by the World Health Organization (WHO), health & wellness people accounted for only 5% of the global population, and only 20% of those diagnosed with diseases by doctors, while the other 75% people are in a sub-health state. In Taiwan, according to the White Paper Planning Report on the Aging Society (Ministry of Health and Welfare, 2015), in Taiwan, about 83.5% of the older adults are health & wellness and sub-health, but the seniors with disabilities account for 16.5%, indicating that most older adults can still move freely. It is worth noting that the physical and mental inconvenience caused by aging is quite different from the general physical and mental inconvenience caused by physical and mental disabilities. Therefore, in the past, barrier-free laws and regulations only focused on the persons with physical and mental disabilities. It is urgent to expand the view of the friendly environment to cover older adults who in different state as health & wellness, sub-health, and with disabilities.
According to statistics from the Ministry of the Interior, 2019, Taiwan’s population of 3.6 million and 7,127 people aged 65 and above accounted for 15.28%. According to statistics from the Ministry of Health and Welfare of the Interior, 2020, while the total number of persons with disabilities was 1.19 million, accounting for 5.05%, and both accounted for 20.33% of the total population. In the process of moving toward a super-aged society, Taiwan needs a friendly living circle that caters to the older adults and persons with disabilities. Everyone’s living area is centered on the home and expands from the neighborhood life through food, clothing, housing, transportation, education and recreation to constitute a living circle, and then exert social influence to create a comprehensive comfortable and friendly living circle environment.
A barrier-free tourism environment is more beneficial to the general public. Creating a barrier-free tourism environment will not only help the older adults, persons with disabilities, and users who in special needs, but also more important to the general public. Past studies have mostly focused on the obstacles to tourism of these communities, and seldom focused on the effectiveness of the initiative friendly living circle program. This “Strategic Research on the Barrier-free Tourism Initiative Friendly Living Circle Program" uses focus group interviews and Delphi method questionnaire analysis. According to the results of this research, through the analysis of social impact map strategy, participants' evaluation of barrier-free tourism to promote a friendly living circle is positive and affirmative. As for the role of participants in the barrier-free tourism initiative friendly living circle program, whether the government or tourism industry is willing to participate into domestic affairs, promote community building, and establish a lifelong learning mechanism for local sustainable development; and the supporting measures of the barrier-free tourism initiative friendly living circle program are to establish clear laws and regulations related to the barrier-free tourism initiative friendly living circle program, and is the single channel to serve the public. Based on the research results and conclusions, it recommends that communities lead the initiative to participate into the revitalize local community and development opportunities; the approach of the barrier-free tourism initiative friendly living circle program is the government will provide empower and training for relevant personnel, Promote industrial transformation and the development of the barrier-free tourism initiative friendly living circle program. The barrier-free tourism industry takes care of the communities, actively develops barrier-free tourism from the bottom up, and encourages community residents to participate, and promotes the sustainable development of the barrier-free tourism initiative friendly living circle program.

Keyword: barrier-free tourism, friendly living circle, impact mapping, aging society, persons with disabilities, strategy research
目 次

第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 2
第二節 研究目的與待答問題 6
第三節 名詞釋義 7
第四節 研究流程 8
第二章 文獻探討 11
第一節 無障礙旅遊相關文獻與其內涵 11
第二節 國內外有關本計畫研究之情形 18
第三節 影響地圖 25
第三章 研究設計與實施 27
第一節 研究架構 27
第二節 研究方法 30
第三節 研究對象 33
第四節 資料分析 36
第四章 研究結果分析 53
第一節 無障礙旅遊推動友善生活圈的目標之評價 53
第二節 無障礙旅遊推動友善生活圈中參與者之角色 59
第三節 無障礙旅遊推動友善生活圈之配套措施 69
第五章 研究結論與建議 79
第一節 研究結論 79
第二節 研究建議 82
第三節 後續研究建議 84
參考文獻 85
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二、英文部分
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