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研究生:羅一馨
研究生(外文):Luo, Yi-Xin
論文名稱:高齡者參與代間數位課程之動機與活躍老化:以老化態度為中介效果
論文名稱(外文):Older Adults’ Motivation for Intergenerational E-learning and Active Aging:The Mediating Effect of Attitudes Toward Aging
指導教授:王雅鈴王雅鈴引用關係
指導教授(外文):Wang, Ya-Ling
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣師範大學
系所名稱:社會教育學系
學門:教育學門
學類:普通科目教育學類
論文出版年:2020
畢業學年度:109
語文別:中文
論文頁數:75
中文關鍵詞:代間數位課程參與動機老化態度活躍老化
外文關鍵詞:Intergenerational e-learningAttitudes toward agingParticipant motivationActive aging
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過去研究顯示參與學習動機(社會接觸、認知興趣、社會激勵和家庭凝聚)與活躍老化(參與、健康與安全層面)之間有正向相關,且老化態度(生理改變態度和正向老化態度)與參與學習動機(社會接觸、認知興趣、社會激勵和家庭凝聚)和活躍老化(參與、健康與安全層面)間為正向相關,老化態度(生理改變態度和正向老化態度)在三者之間有可能為中介變項,因此,本研究目的主要在了解並探討老化態度(生理改變態度和正向老化態度)是否能中介參與代間數位課程之動機(社會接觸、認知興趣、社會激勵和家庭凝聚)與活躍老化(參與、健康與安全層面)各構面間之關係。本研究透過問卷調查法進行資料收集,以北部地區年滿55歲以上高齡者為研究對象,共回收231份有效問卷,年齡介於55至83歲之間,平均數為62.87歲,男性63位(27.3%),女性168位(72.7%),調查所得資料以結構方程模型中之Bootstrap統計方法進行資料處理。研究結果顯示:(1)老化態度中的生理改變態度能中介參與動機中之社會接觸與活躍老化(參與、健康與安全層面)之間關係。(2)老化態度中的正向老化態度能中介社會接觸與活躍老化(健康與安全層面)之間關係,意即參與動機(社會接觸)能夠透過老化態度(生理改變態度和正向老化態度)間接對活躍老化(參與、健康與安全層面)產生正向預測力。
Some studies have shown that participation in learning motivation (social contact, cognitive interest, social stimulation and family togetherness) enhance active aging (health, participation and security). Attitudes toward aging (attitudes toward physical change and positive aging attitude) was positively correlation to participation in learning motivation (social contact, cognitive interest, social stimulation and family togetherness) and active aging (health, participation and security). Therefore, the purpose of this study was to develop an understanding of the mediating effect of attitudes toward aging among older adults on motivation for intergenerational e-learning and active aging. The study sample consisted of 231 older adults whom were, on average, 62.87 years old (range = 55 to 83 years of age); 72.7% were female. Bootstrap of structural equation modeling was used for the analysis. The results of this study are as follows: (1) Attitudes toward physical change has a mediating effects between social contact of participant motivation and active aging (health, participation and security).(2) Positive aging attitude has a mediating effects between social contact of participant motivation and active aging (health and security). This has led us to conclude that social contact of participant motivation affects Attitudes toward aging (attitudes toward physical change and positive aging attitude) and, in turn, that variable affects active aging (health, participation and security).
第一章 緒論1
第一節 研究背景與動機1
第二節 研究目的5
第三節 名詞釋義5

第二章 文獻探討7
第一節 代間數位課程介紹與相關研究7
一、代間共學7
二、數位學習10
三、代間數位課程之相關研究13
第二節 成人參與學習之相關理論14
一、成人參與學習動機之相關理論14
二、成人參與代間數位課程之益處15
第三節 老化態度相關理論與研究17
一、老化態度之定義17
二、老化態度構面與相關文獻18
第四節 活躍老化相關理論與研究19
一、活躍老化之意涵19
二、活躍老化的構面19
第五節 成人參與學習之動機、老化態度與活躍老化之關聯23
一、成人參與學習之動機、生理改變態度與活躍老化之關聯23
二、成人參與學習之動機、正向老化態度與活躍老化之關聯26

第三章 研究方法28
第一節 研究對象28
第二節 研究工具28
第三節、資料分析方法31

第四章、研究結果33
第一節 問卷預試結果33
第二節 正式問卷初步分析39
第三節 主要分析:中介效果之驗證51

第五章 討論與建議57
第一節 結論與綜合討論57
第二節、研究限制與未來研究建議64
參考文獻65
附錄71
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