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研究生:翁佳吟
研究生(外文):Weng,Chia-Yin
論文名稱:運用心像練習對於鋼琴視奏準確性、背彈流暢性與時間穩定性之成效
論文名稱(外文):The effect of using imagery practice on the accuracy of piano sight playing, the fluency of memorization and the timing consistency
指導教授:吳舜文吳舜文引用關係
指導教授(外文):Wu, Shun-Wen
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立臺灣師範大學
系所名稱:音樂學系
學門:藝術學門
學類:音樂學類
論文出版年:2021
畢業學年度:109
語文別:中文
論文頁數:301
中文關鍵詞:心像練習視奏準確性背彈流暢性時間穩定性跨行為多基準線設計
外文關鍵詞:Imagery practiceAccuracy of piano playingFluency of memorizationTime consistencyMultiple baseline design across behaviors
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練習是每個演奏者在技能學習過程中,最重要且不可或缺的部份。然而,在沒有身體動作或聲音的情境下,演奏者以心像練習的認知方式學習演奏技巧,一直為音樂教育所關注的重要議題。為了探討心像練習對於提升鋼琴演奏者之表現成效,本研究利用單一個案研究法之跨行為多基準線設計,針對一位主修鋼琴的音樂系大專學生,實施三階段之心像練習:基線期實施靜默讀譜;介入期進行第一階段聲音回饋、第二階段加入動作回饋、第三階段加入哼唱回饋之心像練習;撤回期則回歸靜默讀譜。
研究結果顯示,在「視奏準確性」方面,基線期時表現穩定維持30%至40%之間,而在介入期進行三階段心像練習後,具有顯著的提升效果,視奏準確性接近90%,介入期結束後下降至70%,但撤回期仍維持上升趨勢。在「背彈流暢性」方面,基線期在33%至55%之間,在介入期間(第二、三階段),背彈流暢性呈現顯著上升趨勢接近90%,在停止心像練習回饋後下降至70%,但撤回期仍高於基線期水準。在「時間穩定性」方面,基線期在75-93%之間,介入期(第三階段)呈現顯著上升趨勢至接近100%。撤回期間,時間穩定性下降至88-90%,但仍略高於基線期。
本研究證明心像練習對演奏者的「視奏準確性」、「背彈流暢性」與「時間穩定性」皆具有顯著提升表現之成效。依據結果,本研究提出理論與實務上的建議,以作為教學實務與未來研究之參考。
Practice is the most important and indispensable parts to each player in the process for learning skills. However, the player based on the cognitive way of imagery practice learns playing skills, which have been an important issue in the concern of music education under the condition of no body movements or sounds. To discuss imagery practice for improving the performance of piano players, this study can use a single-case research methodology in multiple baseline design across behaviors to implement the three-stage imagery practice for a music college student majoring in piano. In this study, the baseline period can carry out the silent reading. The intervention period can perform in the first, second, and third stages, which are auditory feedback, motor feedback, and humming feedback, respectively. The withdrawal period can return to the silent reading.
The results of the study showed that in the terms of the “Accuracy of Piano Playing”, indicating the performance remains stable between 30% and 40% during the baseline period. During the intervention period, a significant effect after the three-stage imagery practice is for improvement where the accuracy of piano playing is close to 90%, and was decreased to 70% for the end of this period, but it still maintains an upward trend during the withdrawal period. In terms of the “Fluency of Memorization”, the baseline period is between 33% and 55%. During the intervention period (the second and third stages), the fluency of memorization can reveal a significant upward trend, which is close to 90% and it can decrease to 70% after stopping the feedback for imagery practice; nevertheless, the withdrawal period is still higher than the baseline level. In terms of the “Time Consistency”, the baseline period is between 75% and 93%. During the intervention period (the third stage), it shows an important upward trend to close to 100%. During the withdrawal period, the time consistency can decrease between 88% to 90%, but it is still slightly higher than the baseline period.
This study demonstrated that imagery practice for the “Accuracy of Piano Playing”, “Fluency of Memorization”, and “Time Consistency” of the players can obviously improve the performance. According to the results, the study provides the theoretical and practical suggestions as a reference for teaching practice and future research
致謝 i
摘要 ii
英文摘要 iii
目次 iv
表次 vii
圖次 viii
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 8
第三節 名詞釋義 9
第四節 研究限制 14
第二章 文獻探討 17
第一節 心像練習之概念與實施方式 17
第二節 演奏之意涵與心像練習成效評估 60
第三章 研究方法 99
第一節 研究架構與研究設計 99
第二節 研究對象 105
第三節 心像練習方案 108
第四節 研究工具 118
第五節 研究工具信效度 134
第六節 資料處理與分析 151
第七節 研究實施程序 155
第四章 結果與討論 161
第一節 心像練習運用於「鋼琴視奏準確性」之成效分析 161
第二節 心像練習運用於「鋼琴背彈流暢性」之成效分析 167
第三節 心像練習運用於「鋼琴時間穩定性」之成效分析 172
第四節 心像練習方案討論 177
第五節 綜合討論 188
第五章 結論與建議 201
第一節 結論 201
第二節 建議 205
參考文獻 209
一、中文部分 209
二、外文部分 211
附錄 229
附錄一 國內演奏練習策略論文 229
附錄二 近十五年心像練習策略相關議題之外文期刊研究 232
附錄三 專家效度評估問卷 240
附錄四 專家效度意見彙整─視奏測驗 253
附錄五 專家效度意見彙整─背彈測驗 275
附錄六 專家計分用表示例 299
附錄七 研究倫理研習證明 301
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