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研究生:黃佳櫻
研究生(外文):Wee, Jia-Ing
論文名稱:馬來西亞華人家庭「教養壓力鍋」
論文名稱(外文):Parenting in the Pressure Cooker : Malaysian Chinese family
指導教授:周麗端周麗端引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chou, Li-Tuan
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣師範大學
系所名稱:人類發展與家庭學系
學門:教育學門
學類:普通科目教育學類
論文出版年:2021
畢業學年度:109
語文別:中文
論文頁數:160
中文關鍵詞:馬來西亞華人家庭教養教養壓力家庭壓力的脈絡模式
外文關鍵詞:Malaysian Chinese FamiliesParentingParenting stressThe contextual model of Family stress 
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馬來西亞華人家庭在面對多元文化主義、族群壓力和文化適應壓力之時,可以如何堅持自己的家庭教養價值觀,馬來西亞華人父母如何應對家庭教養壓力及實踐的差異所帶來的衝擊和壓力之時,如何因應教養壓力。本研究透過「家庭壓力脈絡模式」探討馬來西亞華人家庭的教養壓力,傾聽父母對於教養的心聲,以期進一步了解父母因應教養壓力的策略。
研究對象為家中有至少一位國中或高中年齡子女之馬來西亞華人家長。藉由詮釋父母的教養壓力及其因應策略的現象,以半結構式的深度訪談六對馬來西亞華人家庭父母收集資料,所得文本採用「主題分析法」進行資料分析。
本研究發現馬來西亞父母教養壓力源自於經濟資源壓力、教養觀念、文化壓力、社會發展壓力。而父母面對因應壓力分別來自於「個人內在脈絡」及「環境外在脈絡」兩個層面,個人內在脈絡包含:調整信念、夫妻間的互相協調;再者是家庭內部結構的支持系統,如家人的關懷及資源支持和家庭凝聚力。環境外在脈絡上所在社區的資源發揮了極大的作用,其包含師長及家長團體的正向支持、資源共享、於信仰的啟發。最後,本研究結果針對馬來西亞華人青少年家庭教育、學校輔導以及未來研究提出建議以供參考。
Malaysian Chinese family’s parents adhere under the pressure of multiculturalism, ethnic and cultural adaptation which influence their parenting values, parenting stress, challenges, and coping strategies. The research through “The contextual model of Family stress” to study the parenting stress of Malaysian Chinese family’s parents under Malaysia cultural context through listen about their challenges in parenting and strategies of parents to cope with parenting stress.

Interviewee as Malaysian Chinese parents who have at least one middle or high school age child in their family. By interpreting the phenomenon of parental upbringing stress and its corresponding strategies, using semi-structured in-depth interviews with six pairs of Malaysian Chinese parents sharing was used as collect data, and the resulting text was analyzed by using the "Thematic analysis method".

This study found that Malaysian Chinese parenting stress under Malaysia context are causes or influence by the pressure of economic resources, the concept, and belief of parenting, cultural pressure, and social development pressure. Besides, parents’ coping strategies can be seen on two points are “personal internal context" and "environmental external context". The personal internal context includes adjustment of beliefs and coordination between husband and wife and the support system for the internal structure of the family, such as Family care and resource support, and family cohesion.

By the way, as external resources, the community resources have played a great role, including positive support from teachers and parent groups, resource sharing, and inspiration from faith. At the end of the results, this study put forward suggestions for school and family education, school counseling, and future research on Malaysia parental education as references.
目錄
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機 1
第二節 研究目的 4
第三節 名詞解釋 5
第二章 文獻探討 6
第一節 馬來西亞華人歷史文化發展 6
第二節 馬來西亞華人父母教養壓力鍋 11
第三節 從家庭壓力脈絡模式看教養壓力 21
第四節 教養壓力因應 33
第三章 研究設計與實施 37
第一節 研究方法 37
第二節 研究工具 40
第三節 研究參與者 43
第四節 資料蒐集與整理分析 46
第五節 研究可信賴性 51
第六節 研究倫理 53
第四章 研究結果與討論 54
第一節 馬來西亞華人父母教養青少年的教養生命經歷簡述 54
第二節 馬來西亞華人父母教養壓力脈絡模式 70
第三節 馬來西亞華人父母教養壓力因應 100
第五章 結論與建議 113
第一節 結論 113
第二節 建議 126
第三節 研究者的省思 131
參考文獻 133
中文部分 133
英文部分 135
附錄 142
附錄一 142
附錄二 159
附錄三 160
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