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研究生:洪瑞禧
研究生(外文):Hung, Jui-Hsi
論文名稱:分段自我控制回饋的動作表現與學習效應
論文名稱(外文):Effects of Part Self-controlled Feedback on Motor Performance and Learning
指導教授:卓俊伶卓俊伶引用關係
指導教授(外文):Jwo, Jun-Ling
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣師範大學
系所名稱:體育學系
學門:教育學門
學類:專業科目教育學類
論文出版年:2021
畢業學年度:109
語文別:中文
論文頁數:48
中文關鍵詞:自我控制回饋獲得期分段結果獲知錯誤偵察
外文關鍵詞:self-controlled feedbackpart of acquisition phaseknowledge of resultserror detection
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本研究旨在探討部分自我控制回饋在獲得期練習期間的分段對動作表現學習的影響。共招募72名實驗參與者 (平均年齡23.4 ± 4歲) 並隨機平均分派至前段自我控制回饋組、後段自我控制回饋組、全段自我控制回饋組、前段相應回饋對照組、後段相應回饋對照組及全段相應回饋對照組。以屈臂推物為實驗工作、且以絕對誤差 (absolute error, AE) 值、動作修正誤差值與錯誤估計 (error estimation, EE) 值分別檢驗學習者在獲得期及保留測驗中的動作準確能力、動作修正能力及錯誤偵察能力。結果發現在獲得期練習期間,六組間的準確性動作表現沒有差異,但各組的準確性動作表現皆隨著練習區間增加而提升;動作修正能力方面發現全段相應回饋對照組在獲得期的表現較部分組別差,六組的動作修正表現亦隨練習區間增加而提升。而在保留測驗中,六組之動作準確能力及錯誤偵察能力的學習效果皆沒有差異。因此本研究結論為,部分自我控制回饋在獲得期練習期間的分段對動作準確性的學習及錯誤偵察能力的發展沒有影響;而當學習者完全無法掌握回饋行程時動作修正表現較差。
This study was designed to examine the effects of part self-controlled feedback during acquisition phase on motor performance and learning. Seventy-two participants were recruited and randomly divided into Self-50% group, 50%-Self group, Self-Self group, Yoked-50% group, 50%-Yoked group, or Yoked-Yoked group. A puck-shuffling movement was adopted as experimental task. Absolute error (AE), correction error, and error estimation (EE) during acquisition phase and retention test were examined to infer motor performance and learning respectively. The results revealed that no significant difference of motor accuracy performance among six groups was found, but all groups of participants’ motor accuracy performance improved through the practice blocks. The motor correction performance of Yoked-Yoked group was worse than other groups in acquisition phase, and all groups of participants’ motor correction performance improved through the practice blocks. In the retention test, no significant difference in motor learning and error detection among six groups was found. Therefore, it was concluded that part self-controlled feedback did not affect the learning of motor accuracy nor the development of error detection; but the motor correction performance was worse when learner totally could not expect the feedback schedule.
謝誌 i
中文摘要 ii
英文摘要 iii
目次 iv
表次 vii
圖次 viii

第壹章 緒論 1
第一節 問題背景 1
第二節 研究問題 3
第三節 研究的假定、範圍與限制 4
第四節 名詞操作性定義 4
第五節 研究的重要性 6

第貳章 文獻探討 8
第一節 動作學習的理論基礎 8
第二節 回饋的理論基礎 9
第三節 自我控制回饋的相關研究 10
第四節 文獻探討小結 12
第五節 假說 12

第參章 研究方法 14
第一節 實驗參與者 14
第二節 實驗器材與工作 14
第三節 實驗設計與變項 16
第四節 實驗程序 17
第五節 資料處理與分析 19

第肆章 結果 21
第一節 初始能力檢驗 21
第二節 動作準確性方面 21
第三節 錯誤偵察能力方面 24
第四節 動作修正能力方面 25

第伍章 討論 27
第一節 動作表現方面 27
第二節 動作學習方面 28
第三節 回饋頻率與回饋選擇偏好方面 29
第四節 綜合討論 32

第陸章 結論與建議 34
第一節 結論 34
第二節 建議 34

參考文獻 36

附錄 39
附錄一 40
附錄二 41
附錄三 42
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