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研究生:鄭淑惠
研究生(外文):Gheng, Shu-Hui
論文名稱:高齡長者營養狀況與衰弱程度相關研究~以新北市貢寮區為例
論文名稱(外文):Study on the Relationship between Nutritional and Frailty of the Elderly in Gongliao District ,New Taipei City
指導教授:胡益進胡益進引用關係李子奇李子奇引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hu, Yih-JinLee, Tzu-Chi
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣師範大學
系所名稱:健康促進與衛生教育學系健康促進與衛生教育碩士在職專班
學門:教育學門
學類:專業科目教育學類
論文出版年:2020
畢業學年度:109
語文別:中文
論文頁數:66
中文關鍵詞:高齡長者營養狀況衰弱情形
外文關鍵詞:the elderlynutritional statusdebilitating conditions
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本研究在探討新北市貢寮區高齡長者營養狀況與衰弱程度,藉以瞭解該區長者營養與衰弱之現況,進而作為推動社區長者健康促進、預防及延緩失能照護之政策參考。採橫斷式調查以結構式問卷,透過研究者家訪進行資料收集,共分析有效問卷335份,研究結果如下:
一、高齡長者的主要照顧者、經濟來源、牙齒狀況、運動習慣與營養狀況呈顯著差異。
二、高齡長者的主要照顧者、居住狀況、經濟來源、牙齒狀況、運動習慣與衰弱程度呈顯著差異。
三、高齡長者營養狀況與衰弱程度之間呈現顯著負相關,營養狀況分數越低者,其衰弱分數越高分。
四、高齡長者的營養狀況能有效預測其衰弱程度,並可單獨解釋衰弱程度總變異量之23.6%。
The main purpose of this research is to explore the nutritional status and debilitating degree of the elderly in Gongliao District, New Taipei City, in order to understand the current status of nutrition and debilitating of the elderly in the distrcit, and to serve as a policy reference for promoting the health promotion, prevention and delay of disability care for the elderly in the community.
This study explores the nutritional status and frailty of the elderly in Gongliao District, New Taipei City, in order to understand the current status of nutrition and frailty of the elderly in the district, and then serve as a policy reference for promoting the health promotion, prevention and delay of disability care for the elderly in the community.
The cross-sectional survey was conducted with structured questionnaires, and data was collected through home visits of researchers. A total of 335 valid questionnaires were analyzed. The results of the study are as follows:
1. There are significant differences in the main caregivers, financial resources, dental conditions, exercise habits and nutritional status of the elderly.
2. There are significant differences in the main caregivers, living conditions, financial resources, dental conditions, exercise habits and debilitating degrees of the elderly.
3. There is a significant negative correlation between the nutritional status of the elderly and the degree of frailty. The lower the nutritional status score, the higher the frailty score.
4. The nutritional status of the elderly can effectively predict the degree of frailty, and can separately explain 23.6% of the total variation of frailty.
目次
第一章 緒論 1
第一節研究動機與重要性 1
第二節 研究目的 4
第三節 研究問題 4
第四節 研究假設 4
第五節 名詞操作型定義 5
第六節 研究限制 10

第二章 文獻探討 11
第一節 營養狀況對高齡者的影響 11
第二節 營養相關量表 15
第三節衰弱對高齡者的影響 17

第三章 研究方法 23
第一節研究架構 23
第二節研究對象 24
第三節研究工具 27
第四節研究步驟 32
第五節資料處理統計分析 33

第四章 結果與討論 35
第一節 研究對象背景變項之分布 35
第二節 研究對象營養狀況、衰弱程度之分布 40
第三節 研究對象社會人口學變項與營養狀況及衰弱程度之關係 44
第四節 研究對象營養狀況對衰弱程度之預測 50
第五節 討論 55

第五章 結論與建議 57
第一節 結論 57
第二節 建議 58

參考文獻 59







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