跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(44.192.254.59) 您好!臺灣時間:2023/01/27 20:07
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:何妃琳
研究生(外文):Fariha Hossain
論文名稱:女大學生月亮杯使用意圖:以孟加拉與日本為例
論文名稱(外文):Menstrual Cup Use Intention Among Female University Students: Examples from Bangladesh and Japan
指導教授:李柏翰李柏翰引用關係蕭朱杏蕭朱杏引用關係黃俊豪黃俊豪引用關係
指導教授(外文):Po-Han LeeKate Chuhsing HsiaoJiun-Hau Huang
口試日期:2021-01-25
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:全球衛生碩士/博士學位學程
學門:醫藥衛生學門
學類:公共衛生學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2021
畢業學年度:109
語文別:英文
論文頁數:100
中文關鍵詞:月亮杯使用意圖女大學生計劃行為理論
外文關鍵詞:Menstrual cup use intentionMCUIBangladeshJapanfemaleuniversity studentsTheory of Planned BehaviorTPBmenstrual cup usersMCUsMCUnon-menstrual cup usersNMCUsNMCU
DOI:10.6342/NTU202100632
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:98
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
Background and Objectives: Menstruation is often viewed as a global taboo throughout societies regardless of scale and content, given that it is are not openly brought up in conversation in public. Menstruation taboo prevents individuals from engaging in debates and impedes the development of scientific research that would otherwise bring awareness to menstrual health. Menstruating individuals (MIs) have several options when it comes to the management of their menstrual health and it is their right to autonomy over their bodies. If MIs are not informed of all the menstrual product choices, they would not be aware of benefits of each choice and thus which product is best for their individualized needs. The knowledge about menstrual cups, usage, and marketing is low, especially in countries such as Bangladesh and Japan where the taboo situation is relatively more serious despite their developmental status. A menstrual cup is a multifunctional menstrual hygiene product (MHP) that is inserted into the vaginal cavity to collect menstrual fluids. University students are recognized as a demographic that has a high potential for behavioral change since they are at a formative and impressionable stage in their lives.
This research seeks to collect data for multimodal analysis of Bangladeshi and Japanese women’s perceptions of menstrual cups and what attitudes and behaviors affect their likelihood of using menstrual cups. Using the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) as a theoretical framework for the questionnaire development, this study aimed to explore menstrual cup use intention (MCUI) among female university students in Bangladesh and Japan while qualitatively analyzing associated factors. In the future, these findings can inform the development of tailored health education programs.
Methods: The quantitative questionnaire was based on the literature with several goals including (1) taking a multimodal approach to menstrual health, (2) focusing on demographic of self-identifying MIs, (3) careful attention to lurking variables specific to sociocultural and ideological constructs, (4) mindfulness of intersectionality, and (5) application of TPB in the context of Bangladeshi and Japanese MIs. Data were collected through an anonymous online survey using Qualtrics as the survey platform. Participants were recruited via social media frequented by female university students (e.g., Facebook pages, Instagram) with searchable tags including menstrual cups, menstruation, female, etc. The minimal goal was set for 30 participants with an ideal goal of 600 participants per demographic. Samples were selected if meeting inclusion criteria i.e. (1) female, (2) must be aged 18-24 years old, (3) must be either one of the two nationalities, Bangladeshi or Japanese and (4) provide consent to participate in the research study. Data were all transcribed electronically from Qualtrics to Microsoft Excel to determine chi-squared values and odds ratios. The focus of this study was among Japanese and Bangladeshi menstruators based on the following perception outcomes: religious affiliation, resource accessibility, and education for menstrual cup benefit and risks. Rates of outcomes were assessed with both quantitative methods and qualitative discussion.
Results: This study consisted of 144 subjects, and among them, 23 (16%) were menstrual cup users (MCUs) and 121 (84%) were non-menstrual cup users (NMCUs). This study found that variables such as high ATB scores, supportive SN, high PBC scores indicated higher MCUI among both MCU groups and in both countries. In addition, demographic variables such as parental education level influenced MCUI showing that MIs with parents that have completed higher education were more likely to use a menstrual cup in comparison to MIs with parents that had completed high school education or below.
Conclusions: This study investigated MIs perceptions of menstrual cups in countries that were not previously explored before. Menstrual-related studies conducted in Bangladesh used to focus on rural areas, while this study gathered information from university female students in urban environments. In Japan, menstrual research had been often overlooked, and normally opinions of MIs from a developed country were not taken into consideration. This study has shown that MIs who had positive attitudes, a supportive social network, and a higher sense of control under constraining conditions had higher MCUI. Although the sample size was relatively small, the findings still have important implications to build on menstrual health education in each respective country and perhaps globally in both developing and developed countries.
ABSTRACT VI
CONTENTS III
ABBREVIATIONS VI
LIST OF FIGURES VII
LIST OF TABLES VII
Chapter 1: Introduction 1
1.1 Menstrual Health and Hygiene 2
1.2 Sustainable Developmental Goals 3
1.3 Menstrual Hygiene Products 5
Chapter 2: Literature Review 10
2.1 Menstrual Cups 10
2.2 Bangladesh 13
2.3.1 Religion and Culture 14
2.3.2 Health Education 15
2.3.3 Menstrual Products 16
2.3.4 Menstruation in the Workplace 17
2.3.5 Birth Control 17
2.3.6 Sanitation Facilities 18
2.3 Japan 18
2.4.1 Menstrual History 19
2.4.2 Health Education 22
2.4.3 Sports and Menstruation 23
2.4.4 Menstrual Product Availability 24
2.4.5 Menstruation in the Workplace 25
2.4.6 Birth Control 25
2.4.7 Sanitation Facilities 26
2.4.8 Religion and Culture 26
2.4 The Current Study 27
2.6.1 Why University Students? 30
2.6.2. Why the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB)? 31
Chapter 3: Methods 33
3.1 Participants 33
3.2 Measures 33
3.2.1 Menstrual Cup Use Intention 33
3.2.2 Background Variables 33
3.2.3 Variables of Theory of Planned Behavior 34
3.3 Procedure and Analysis 36
Chapter 4: Results 38
4.1 Associations between demographic variables and MCUs and NMCUs in Bangladesh 38
4.2 Associations between demographic variables and MCUs and NMCUs in Japan 39
4.3 Qualitative analysis of written responses in demographic variables seen in Bangladesh 40
4.4 Qualitative analysis of written responses in demographic variables seen in Japan 41
4.5 Multiple-item scales of TPB constructs and their associations with MCUI in Bangladesh 41
4.6 Multiple-item scales of TPB constructs and their associations with MCUs and NMCUs in Bangladesh 43
4.7 Multivariate logistic regression estimating MCU and NMCU using TPB variables in Bangladesh 44
4.8 Multiple-item scales of TPB constructs and their associations in Japan 44
Chapter 5: Discussion 46
5.1 Demographic variables and their association to higher menstrual cup use intention 46
5.2 Positive attitudes towards behaviors and its association to higher menstrual cup use intention 48
5.3 Supportive subjective norms and their association with higher menstrual cup use intention 51
5.4 Higher perceived behavior control under constraining conditions and its association with higher menstrual cup use intention 51
5.5 Limitations and future directions 53
5.6 Conclusions 55
References 58
Tables 75
Ajzen, I. (1991). The Theory of Planned Behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50(2), 179–211. https://doi.org/10.1016/0749-5978(91)90020 -T.
Alam, M.-U., Luby, S. P., Halder, A. K., Islam, K., Opel, A., Shoab, A. K., Ghosh, P. K., Rahman, M., Mahon, T., & Unicomb, L.. (2017). Menstrual hygiene management among Bangladeshi adolescent schoolgirls and risk factors affecting school absence: results from a cross-sectional survey. BMJ Open, 7(7), e015508. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2016-015508
Ali A, Mahmud SN, Karim A, et al. Knowledge and practice of NFPE-AGG graduates regarding menstruation. Dhaka: Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee, 1996.
Anna Maria van Eijk, P., Garazi Zulaika, M., Madeline Lenchner, Ms., Linda Mason, P., Muthusamy Sivakami, P., Elizabeth Nyothach, Ms., Holger Unger, P., Kayla La-serson, S., & Penelope A Phillips-Howard, P. (2019). Menstrual cup use, leakage, acceptability, safety, and availability: a systematic review and meta-analysis. The Lancet Public Health, 8, e376. https://doi-org.ezproxy.lib.usf.edu/10.1016/S2468-2667(19)30111-2
Armitage, C. J., & Conner, M. (2001). Efficacy of the Theory of Planned Behaviour: A meta-analytic review. British Journal of Social Psychology, 40(4), 471–499. https://doi.org/10.1348/01446 6601164939.
Azeem, S. A. (1995). Women in Islam versus Women in the Judaeo-Christian Tradition: The Myth & The Reality. Islam - The Modern Religion. Retrieved on November 7, 2006, from http://www.themodernreligion.com/women/w_comparison_full.htm
Bangladesh Education Statistics, Bangladesh Bureau of Educational Information and Statistics (BANBEIS), 2015
Blanchet, T. 1984. Women, Pollution & Marginality; Meanings and Rituals of Birth in Rural Bangladesh. Dhaka: The University Press Limited.
Borowski, A. (2011) Are American Women Turning to Reusable and Greener Menstrual Products due to Health and Environmental Pollution Concerns?, Dissertation. Master's, Rochester Institute of Technology.
Chakraborty, A., Singh, M.P. and Roy, M. (2017) A study of goal frames shaping pro-environmental behavior in university students. International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education. 18 (7), pp.1291-1310.
Chang, C.-T., Huang, J.-H., & Wu, S.-C. (2015). An exploration of tampon use intentions among female college students based on the Theory of Planned Behavior: examining sexual orientation and gender characteristics as effect modifiers. Taiwan Gong Gong Wei Sheng Za Zhi, 34(4), 424.
Chelvanayagam, S.. (2014). Stigma, taboos, and altered bowel function. Gastrointestinal Nursing, 12(1), 16–22. https://doi.org/10.12968/gasn.2014.12.1.16
Chrisler, Joan. (2013). Teaching Taboo Topics: Menstruation, Menopause, and the Psychology of Women. Psychology of Women Quarterly. 37. 128-132. 10.1177/0361684312471326.
City to Sea (2019) Plastic Free Periods- FAQs. Available from: https://www.citytosea.org.uk/plasticfreeperiods/plastic-free-periods-faqs/ [Accessed 13/08/19].
Crofts, T., & Fisher, J. (2012). Menstrual hygiene in Ugandan schools: an investigation of low-cost sanitary pads. Journal Of Water, Sanitation And Hygiene For Development, 2(1), 50-58. doi: 10.2166/washdev.2012.067
Curran J. (2008). The Yellow Emperor’s Classic of Internal Medicine. BMJ: British Medical Journal, 336(7647), 777. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.39527.472303.4E
Czura, K., Menzel, A., & Miotto, M.. (2019). Menstrual Health, Worker Productivity and Well-being among Female Bangladeshi Garment Workers. SSRN Electronic Journal. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3519895
Dan, Alice. 1986. “The Law and Women’s Bodies: The Case of Menstruation Leave in Ja-pan.” (In:) Culture, Society, and Menstruation. Virginia Olesen and Nancy Woods (eds.) Washington: Hemisphere Publishing Corporation. 1-14.
Das, P., Baker, K. K., Dutta, A., Swain, T., Sahoo, S., Das, B. S., …Bilung, B. (2015). Menstrual hygiene practices, WASH access, and the risk of urogenital infection in women from Odisha, India. PloSONE, 10(6), 1–16. https://doi.org/10.1371/journ al. pone.01307 77.
Dasgupta, A., & Sarkar, M. (2008). Menstrual hygiene: How hygienic is the adolescent girl?. Indian Journal Of Community Medicine, 33(2), 77. doi: 10.4103/0970-0218.40872
Davidson, A. (2012) Narratives of Menstrual Product Consumption: Convenience, Culture, or Commoditization? Bulletin of Science, Technology & Society. 32 (1), pp.56-70.
Djalalinia S, Tehrani F.R., Afzali H.M., Hejazi F., Peykari N. Parents or School Health Trainers, which of them is appropriate for menstrual health education. International Journal of Preventative Medicine.2012;3(9):322–627
Dickie, R., Rasmussen, S., Cain, R., Williams, L. and MacKay, W. (2018) The effects of perceived social norms on handwashing behaviour in students. Psychology, Health & Medicine. 23 (2), pp.154-159.
Elledge, M., Muralidharan, A., Parker, A., Ravndal, K., Siddiqui, M., Toolaram, A., & Woodward, K. (2018). Menstrual Hygiene Management and Waste Disposal in Low- and Middle-Income Countries—A Review of the Literature. International Journal Of Environmental Research And Public Health, 15(11), 2562. doi: 10.3390/ijerph15112562
Engineer, A. A. (1987). Status of Women in Islam. Delhi: Ajanta Publications.
Federal Trade Commission. (2018, March 13). Shopping Green. Retrieved January 14, 2021, from https://www.consumer.ftc.gov/articles/0226-shopping-green
Fischer, M. M. (1978). Persian Women. In Lois Beck & Nikki Keddie (Eds.), Women in the Muslim World (pp.204-206). Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Freidman, K. (2016, March 11). Menstrual Euphemisms by language. Retrieved December 09, 2020, from https://helloclue.com/articles/culture/top-euphemisms-for-period-by-language
Geertz, A.; Iyer, L.; Kasen, P.; Mazzola, F.; Peterson, K. An Opportunity to Address Menstrual Health and GenderEquity; FSG: Boston, MA, USA, 2016
Ghattargi CH, Deo DS. Preparation and practices regarding menstruation: a comparative study in rural and urban adolescent girls. Indian J Comm Med 2005;30:10–14.Kabir B, Barua MK, Ahmed M. Improving menstrual hygiene facilities in secondary schools: initiatives from BRAC-WASH Program. Dhaka, Bangladesh, 31 January–2 February 2012.
Gómez-Sánchez, Pio Iván, Pardo- Mora, Yaira Yohanna, Hernández-Aguirre, Helena Patri-cia, Jiménez-Robayo, Sandra Patricia, & Pardo-Lugo, Juan Carlos. (2012). Men-struation in history. Investigación y Educación en Enfermería, 30(3), 371-377. Re-trieved January 12, 2021, from http://www.scielo.org.co/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0120-53072012000300010&lng=en&tlng=en.
Grant, M., Lloyd, C., & Mensch, B. (2013). Menstruation and School Absenteeism: Evidence from Rural Malawi. Comparative Education Review, 57(2), 260–284. https://doi-org.ezproxy.lib.usf.edu/10.1086/669121
Grose, R.G. and Grabe, S. (2014) Sociocultural Attitudes Surrounding Menstruation and Alternative Menstrual Products: The Explanatory Role of Self-Objectification. Health Care for Women International. 35 (6), pp.677-694.
Hargreaves, T. (2011) Practice-ing behaviour change: Applying social practice theory to pro-environmental behaviour change. Journal of Consumer Culture. 11 (1), pp.79-99.
Hashimoto, N., Ushitora, K., Morioka, M., Motegi, T., Tanaka, K., Tashiro, M., ... & Sawamura, F. (2017). School education and development of gender perspectives and sexuality in Japan. Sex education, 17(4), 386-398.
Hemachandra, D., & Manderson, L. (2009). Menstrual Problems and Health Seeking in Sri Lanka. Women & Health, 49(5), 405-421. doi: 10.1080/03630240903238636
Hendry, S., Dunkerley, J., Souter, N., Butler, D., Goldie, P., Cook, A., Britton, A., Black-wood, D., Moir, J., Squibbs, M., Davies, J., Conlin, J. and Ashley, R. (2005) Sustainable Disposal of Domestic Sanitary Waste. Journal of Environmental Engineering. 131 (2), pp.206-215.
Hennegan J, Dolan C, Wu M, Scott L, Montgomery P. School girls’ experience and appraisal of menstrual absorbents in rural Uganda: a cross-sectional evaluation of reusable sanitary pads. Reprod Health. 2016; 13(1):143. Epub2016/12/08. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12978-016-0260-7PMID:27923379
Hennegan, J., & Montgomery, P. (2016). Do Menstrual Hygiene Management Interventions Improve Education and Psychosocial Outcomes for Women and Girls in Low and Middle-Income Countries? A Systematic Review. PLOS ONE, 11(2), e0146985. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0146985
Heo, J. and Muralidharan, S. (2019) What triggers young Millenials to purchase eco-friendly products?: the interrelationships among knowledge perceived consumer effectiveness and environmental concern. Journal of Marketing Communications. 25 (4), pp.421-437.
Hoseini, S. S.. (2017). Masturbation: Scientific Evidence and Islam’s View. Journal of Religion and Health, 56(6), 2076–2081. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10943-013-9720-3
Hossain, M., Khan, M., Ababneh, F., & Shaw, J.. (2018). Identifying factors influencing contraceptive use in Bangladesh: evidence from BDHS 2014 data. BMC Public Health, 18(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-5098-1
Houppert, K. (1999) The Curse: Confronting the Last Unmentionable Taboo: Menstruation. New York: Farrar Straus & Giroux.
Huang, P., Huang, J. Menstrual Cup Use Intention and the Moderating Effects of Sexual Orientation and Gender Characteristic Among Female University Students in Tai-wan: A Theory-Driven Exploration. Arch Sex Behav 49, 1355–1366 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10508-019-1412-y
Human Rights Watch (2017). Understanding Menstrual Hygiene Management & Human Rights. https://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/mhm_practitioner_guide_web.pdf
Hyttel, M., Thomsen, C. F., Luff, B., Storrusten, H., Nyakato, V. N., & Tellier, M. (2017). Drivers and challenges to use of menstrual cups among schoolgirls in rural Uganda: a qualitative study. Waterlines, 36(2), 109-124.
Jacobsen, K. (2018). Introduction to Global Health (pp. 65-83). Burlington: Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Japan Healthcare Info. (2017, May 03). Birth Control. Retrieved December 20, 2020, from https://japanhealthinfo.com/birth-control/
Japan Medical Association’s School Health Committee. School health committee report: new developments in school health education; 2010 Mar. p.26–29. (in Japanese)
Johnson, M. E. (2019). Menstrual justice. UC Davis Law Review, 53(1), 1-80.
Kakuchi, S. (2020, November 7). Record numbers of female students, but is it enough? Retrieved February 17, 2021, from https://www.universityworldnews.com/post.php?story=2020110608560151#:~:text=The%20proportion%20of%20female%20students,to%20a%20recent%20government%20survey.
Kamenidou, I.C., Mamalis, S.A., Pavlidis, S. and Bara, A.E.G. (2019) Segmenting the Generation Z Cohort University Students Based on Sustainable Food Consumption Behavior: A Preliminary Study. Sustainability. 11 (3), pp.837-859.
Karnaky KJ. Internal menstrual protection with the rubber menstrual cup. Obstet Gynecol 1962; 19: 688–91.
Kato, Y. (2019, November 29). Japanese store 'rethinks' badges for staff on periods. Retrieved January 14, 2021, from https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-50597405
Klugman, Jeni; Hanmer, Lucia; Twigg, Sarah; Hasan, Tazeen; McCleary-Sills, Jennifer; Santamaria, Julieth. 2014. Voice and Agency: Empowering Women and Girls for Shared Prosperity. Washington, DC: World Bank Group. © World Bank. https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/19036 License: CC BY 3.0 IGO.
Knight, C., 1987. Menstruation and the Origins of Culture. A Reconsideration of Levi-Strauss's Work on Symbolism and Myth. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, University of London.
Koff, E., & Rierdan, J. (1995). Preparing Girls for menstruation: Recommendations from adolescent girls. Adolescence, 30, 795-811.
Koff, E., Rierdan, J., Sheingold, K. (1982). Memories of menarche: Age, preparations, and prior knowledge as determinants of initial menstrual experience. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 11, 1-9.
Koff, E., & Rierdan, J. (1995). Preparing girls for menstruation: Recommendations
from adolescent girls. Adolescence, 30, 795-811.
Koff, E., Rierdan, J., & Sheingold, K. (1982). Memories of menarche: Age, preparation, and prior knowledge as determinants of initial menstrual experience. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 11, 1-9
Koff, E., & Rierdan, J. (1995). Preparing girls for menstruation: Recommendations
from adolescent girls. Adolescence, 30, 795-811.
Koff, E., Rierdan, J., & Sheingold, K. (1982). Memories of menarche: Age, preparation, and prior knowledge as determinants of initial menstrual experience. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 11, 1-9
Kondo, Dorinne. 1990. Crafting Selves: Power, Gender, and Discourses of Identity in a Japanese Workplace. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
Kosin, J. (2018, May 3) Getting Your Period Is Still Oppressive in the United States. Harper's Bazaar.
Kumar, A., & Srivastava, K. (2011). Cultural and social practices regarding menstruation among adolescent girls. Social Work in Public Health, 26(6), 594–604. https://doi.org/10.1080/19371918.2010.52514 4.
Lahme, A. M., Stern, R., & Cooper, D. (2016). Factors impacting on menstrual hygiene and their implications for health promotion. Global Health Promotion, 25(1), 54–62. https://doi.org/10.1177/17579 75916 64830 1.
Liu, H.-L., Chen, K.-H., & Peng, N.-H. (2012). Cultural practices relating to menarche and menstruation among adolescent girls in Taiwan—Qualitative investigation. Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology, 25(1), 43–47. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpag.2011.08.006.
Maghen, Z. (1999). Close Encounters: Some Preliminary Observations on the Transmission of Impurity in Early Sunni Jurisprudence. Islamic Law & Society, 6(3), 348-392.
Mah, Jeanne. “Ladies, Here's How Much Your Period Costs You Over Your Lifetime.” DollarsAndSense.sg, Dollars & Sense, 30 June 2019, dollars, and sense.sg/ladies-here-much-period-costs-lifetime/.
Maloney, C., Aziz, A.K.M., & Sarker, P.C., 1981. Beliefs and fertility in Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh: International Centre for Diarrhoeal Diseases Research (ICDDR).
Mathews, A. (1995). Menstruation issues in Bangladesh. Tearfund. https://learn.tearfund.org/en/resources/footsteps/footsteps-21-30/footsteps-24/menstruation-issues-in-bangladesh/.
McAlaney, J. and Jenkins, W. (2017) Perceived social norms of health behaviours and college engagement in British students. Journal of Further and Higher Education. 41 (2), pp.172-186.
Mcmahon, S. A., Winch, P. J., Caruso, B. A., Obure, A. F., Ogutu, E. A., Ochari, I. A., & Rheingans, R. D.. (2011). 'The girl with her period is the one to hang her head' Re-flections on menstrual management among schoolgirls in rural Kenya. BMC International Health and Human Rights, 11(1), 7. https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-698x-11-7
Mendle, Jane, Eric Turkheimer, and Robert E. Emery. “Detrimental Psychological Outcomes Associated with Early Pubertal Timing in Adolescent Girls.” Developmental Review: DR. U.S. National Library of Medicine, June 2007. Web. 08 Jan. 2016. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2927128/>.
Monroe, J.T., Lofgren, I.E., Sartini, B.L. and Greene, G.W. (2015) The Green Eating Project: web-based intervention to promote environmentally conscious eating behaviors in US university students. Public Health Nutrition. 18 (13), pp.2368-2378.
Morison, L. (2005). Bacterial vaginosis in relation to menstrual cycle, menstrual protection method, and sexual intercourse in rural Gambian women. Sexually Transmitted Infections, 81(3), 242-247. doi: 10.1136/sti.2004.011684
Muniady, R., Al- Mamun, A., Permarupan, P.Y. and Zainol, N.R.B. (2014) Factors Influencing Consumer Behavior: A Study among University Students in Malaysia. Asian Social Science. 10 (9), pp.18-25.
Nakayama, I. (2007). Periodic Struggles: Menstruation Leave in Modern Japan. In Dissertation Abstracts International (Vol. 68, Issue 5, p. 2124).
Namihira, Emiko. 1987. “Pollution in the Folk Belief System.” Supplement: “An Anthropo-logical Profile of Japan,” Current Anthropology 28(4): S65-S74.
News, K. (2018, December 27). About 40% of teens say school sex education is useless: Survey. Retrieved December 19, 2020, from https://english.kyodonews.net/news/2018/12/6a00a8479103-about-40-of-teens-say-school-sex-education-is-useless-survey.html
Nippon (Ed.). (2019, January 8). Japan Phasing Out Squat Toilets. Retrieved January 03, 2021, from https://www.nippon.com/en/features/h00360/
North, B. B., & Oldham, M. J. (2011). Preclinical, clinical, and over-the-counter postmarketing experience with a new vaginal cup: menstrual collection. Journal of Women's Health, 20(2), 303-311.
Ono Chisako. 2009. “Nuno napukin o tsūjita gekkeikan no hen’yō ni kan suru kenkyū – “sonzai suru gekkei” e no sentakushi o motomete [a study on transformation of attitudes toward menstruation through the use of cloth sanitary napkins: seeking alternatives to "visibilify menstruation"].” Doshisha University Policy & Manage-ment 11 (2). 149-162 (小野千佐子「布ナプキンを通じた月経観の変容に関する研究―「存在する月経」への選択肢を求めて」『同志社政策科学研究』).
Ono Kiyomi. 1984. “Joshi gakusei to seiri yōhin (dai 2 hō) – hongaku gakusei o taishō toshi-ta jittai chōsa [female students and menstrual products (part 2) – a factual investigation of students of this university].” Chiba kenritsu eisei tanki daigaku kiyō 3(1). 55-60 (小野清美「女子学生と生理用品(第2報)―本学学生を対象とした実態調査」『千葉県立衛生短期大学紀要』).
Ono Kiyomi. 1985. “Joshi gakusei to seiri yōhin (dai 3 hō) – hongaku gakusei o taishō toshi-ta jittai chōsa [female students and menstrual products (part 3) – a factual investigation of students of this university].” Chiba kenritsu eisei tanki daigaku kiyō4 (1). 33-37 (小野清美「女子学生と生理用品(第3報)―本学学生を対象とした実態調査」『千葉県立衛生短期大学紀要』).
Oster E, Thornton R. Menstruation, sanitary products, and school attendance: evidence from a randomized evaluation. Am Econ J Appl Econ 2011; 3: 91–100.
Patten, M.L. (2014) Questionnaire Research: A Practical Guide [online]. 4th ed. London: Routledge.
Peberdy, E., Jones, A. and Green, D. (2019) A Study into Public Awareness of the Environmental Impact of Menstrual Products and Product Choice. Sustainability. 11 (2), pp.473-492.
Petroni, Suzanne, Vikram Patel, and George Patton. “Why Is Suicide the Leading Killer of Older Adolescent Girls?” The Lancet 386.10008 (2015): 2031-032. Web.
Phillips-Howard P, Olilo G, Burmen B, et al. Menstrual needs and associations with sexual and reproductive risks in rural Kenyan females: a cross-sectional behavioural survey linked with HIV prevalence. J Womens Health (Larchmt) 2015; 24: 801–11.
Phillips-Howard, P. A., Nyothach, E., ter Kuile, F. O., Omoto, J., Wang, D., Zeh, C., ... & Eleveld, A. (2016). Menstrual cups and sanitary pads to reduce school attrition, and sexually transmitted and reproductive tract infections: a cluster-randomized controlled feasibility study in rural western Kenya. BMJ Open, 6(11), e013229.
Plan International, U.K. (2018) Break the Barriers: Girls' Experiences of Menstruation in the UK. London: Plan International UK.
Rhodes, N., Potocki, B. and Thomas, S. (2019) Predicting College Student Drinking and Smoking Intentions with Cognitively Accessible Attitudes and Norms. Health Education & Behavior. 46 (2), pp.267-274.
Rokeya A, Kabita Y. Menstrual hygiene: breaking the silence. Water Aid Bangladesh 2007:283–7.
Rowland, B., & Harmon, A. (2016). Menstruation. In D. S. Blanchfield (Ed.), The Gale Encyclopedia of Children's Health: Infancy through Adolescence (3rd ed., Vol. 3, pp. 1741-1747). Gale. https://link.gale.com/apps/doc/CX3630900514/GVRL?u=866ntu&sid=GVRL&xid=85b254a6
Sakai Motoko. 2014. “Kami napukin no tanjō ni yoru gekkei keiken no henka – anne sedai no shōgen kara saguru [changes in menstrual experiences due to the creation of the paper sanitary napkin – investigations of testimony from the “Anne Generation”].” Bunka kankyōkenkyū7. 68-78 (坂井素子「紙ナプキンの誕生による月経経験の変化: アンネ世代の証言からさぐる」『文化環境研究』).
Seale R, Powers L, Guiahi M, Coleman-Minahan K. Unintentional IUD expulsion with concomitant menstrual cup use: a case series. Contraception 2019; published online April 11. DOI:10.1016/j.contraception.2019.03.047.
Sharma R, Negi S., Kunj D., Sharma V., Vardha. Menstrual hygiene among adolescent girls. Indian journal of community health.2015;27(3):376–80
Shure, N. Why Has It Taken the Menstrual Cup So Long to Go Mainstream? Pacific Standard.2016. Available online: https://psmag.com/news/why-has-it-taken-the-menstrual-cup-so-long-to-go-mainstream (accessed on 16 July 2018).
Shinmura Taku, (1946) Shussan to seishokukan no rekishi, pp. 120-122
Sinden, Jeff, Murat Sahin, and Carmelita Francois. WASH in Schools for Girls: Voices from the Field - Advo¬cacy and Capacity Building for Menstrual Hygiene Management through WASH in Schools Programmes. New York: United Nations Children’s Fund, 2015.
Singh AJ. The place of menstruation in the reproductive lives of women of rural north India. Indian J Comm Med 2006;31:10–14
Sommer M. Where the education system and women’s bodies collide: the social and health impact of girls’ experiences of menstruation and schooling in Tanzania. J Adolesc 2010; 33: 521–29.
Sommers M, Sahin, "Going Public," American Journal of Public Health, September 2013.
Sommer, M., & Sahin, M. (2013). Overcoming the taboo: advancing the global agenda for menstrual hygiene management for schoolgirls. American journal of public health, 103(9), 1556-1559.
Sommer, M., Hirsch, J., Nathanson, C., & Parker, R. (2015). Comfortably, Safely, and Without Shame: Defining Menstrual Hygiene Management as a Public Health Is-sue. American Journal Of Public Health, 105(7), 1302-1311. doi: 10.2105/ajph.2014.302525
Statista, S. (2021). Japan: Number of female university students 2020. Retrieved February 07, 2021, from https://www.statista.com/statistics/647960/japan-number-female-university-stu-dents/#:~:text=Total%20number%20of%20female%20university%20students%20Ja-pan%202011%2D2020&text=In%202020%2C%20there%20were%20approximately,male%20university%20students%20in%202020.
Stephens-Chu, M. (2019). From Sacred to Secret: Tracing Changes in Views of Menstruation in Japan. Silva Iaponicarum 日林, 1-28. doi:10.14746/sijp.2019.60/61.4
Stewart K, Greer R, Powell M. Women’s experience of using the Mooncup. J Obstet Gynaecol 2010; 30: 285–87.
Stewart K, Powell M, Greer R. An alternative to conventional sanitary protection: would women use a menstrual cup? J Obstet Gynaecol 2009; 29: 49–52.
Sultana, F. (2020, May 27). Mitigating the impacts of COVID-19 on menstrual hygiene management among the women and girls in Bangladesh - Bangladesh (1139175885 857993740 M. Rahman, 1139175886 857993740 E. Hunter, & 1139175887 857993740 S. P. Luby, Eds.). Retrieved December 20, 2020, from https://reliefweb.int/report/bangladesh/mitigating-impacts-covid-19-menstrual-hygiene-management-among-women-and-girls
Sumpter, C., & Torondel, B. (2013). A Systematic Review of the Health and Social Effects of Menstrual Hygiene Management. Plos ONE, 8(4). doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0062004
Takemi, M. (1983). “Menstruation sutra” belief in Japan. Japanese Journal of Religious Studies, 10(2–3), 229–246
Tan, D. A., Haththotuwa, R., & Fraser, I. S.. (2017). Cultural aspects and mythologies surrounding menstruation and abnormal uterine bleeding. Best Practice & Research Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 40, 121–133. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bpobgyn.2016.09.015
Tanaka Hikaru. 2013. Seiri yōhin no shakaishi: tabū kara daibijinesu e [social history of sanitary goods: from taboo to big business]. Kyoto: Minerva shobō (田中ひかる『生理用品の社会史:タブーから一大ビジネスへ』ミネルヴァ書房).
Tashiro, M., Ushitora, K., & Watanabe, D., (2011). The Actual Situation of Sexuality Edu-cation in Japan. J. Saitama Univ. Fac. Educ, 9-22.
Terajima Ryoan. Wakansansaizue, vol. 12. Annotated by Shimada Isao, Takeshima Atsuo, and Higuchi Motomi. Tokyo: Heibonsha, 1989.
The Guardian, Cloth, cow dung, cups: how the world’s women manage their periods; For women living without access to basic sanitation, menstruation can be especially challenging. Their resourcefulness knows no bounds. All photographs courtesy of WaterAid. (2019). The Guardian (London, England). Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.lib.usf.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edsgao&AN=edsgcl.582223545&site=eds-live
The Qur’an translated by Maulana Wahiduddin Khan. 1st ed. Goodword Books; 2009
Thiele, L. (2016). How to Recycle a Menstrual Cup. Ruby Cup. http://rubycup.com/blog/how-to-recycle-a-menstrual-cup/
Tilley, E., Bieri, S., & Kohler, P. (2013). Sanitation in developing countries: a review through a gender lens. Journal Of Water, Sanitation And Hygiene For Development, 3(3), 298-314. doi: 10.2166/washdev.2013.090
UNICEF. (2020). Safer sanitation and hygiene. UNICEF Bangladesh. https://www.unicef.org/bangladesh/en/better-access-safe-drinking-water/safer-sanitation-and-hygiene.
Unicomb, L., Islam, K., & Noor, K. A. (2014, June). Bangladesh National Hygiene Baseline Survey. https://www.unicef.org/bangladesh/sites/unicef.org.bangladesh/files/2018-10/Bangladesh%20National%20Hygine%20Baseline%20Survey%202014.pdf.
United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) (2019). Guidance on Menstrual Health and Hygiene. Retrieved January 13th, 2021, from https://www.unicef.org/wash/files/UNICEF-Guidance-menstrual-health-hygiene-2019.pdf
United Nations Human Rights Office of The High Commissioner (2014). Every woman's right to water, sanitation, and hygiene http://www.ohchr.org/EN/NewsEvents/Pages/Everywomansrighttowatersanitationandhygiene.aspx Retrieved February 21, 2018.
United Nations. World contraceptive patterns. http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/publications/pdf/family/worldContraceptivePatternsWallChart2013.pdf2013.
Upashe, S. P., Tekelab, T., & Mekonnen, J. (2015). Assessment of knowledge and practice of menstrual hygiene among high school girls in Western Ethiopia. BMC Women’s Health, 15(1), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1186/s1290 5-015-0245-7.
US Food and Drug Administration. Manufacturer and user facility device experience database (MAUDE). Oct 6, 2019. https://www.fda.gov/medicaldevices/deviceregulationandguidance/postmarketrequirements/reportingadverseevents/ucm127891.htm (accessed June 20, 2019).
Whelan, E. M. (1975). Attitudes toward Menstruation. Studies in Family Planning, 6(4), 106-108.
Women's Environmental Network (2017) About Environmenstrual- Why are we Seeing Red? Available from: https://www.wen.org.uk/about-environmenstrual-campaign/ [Accessed 10/11/2018].
World Bank. (2020). GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$) | Data. Retrieved 2 January 2020, from https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/ny.gnp.pcap.cd?year_high_desc=true
World Bank. (2020, September 09). Population Estimates and Projections. Retrieved December 19, 2020, from https://knoema.com/WBPEP2018Oct/population-estimates-and-projections
World Health Organization. (2016). Dioxins and their effects on human health. Fact sheets. http://www.who.int/en/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/dioxins-and-their-effects-on-human-health.
Yoshida, H., Sakamoto, H., Leslie, A., Takahashi, O., Tsuboi, S., & Kitamura, K.. (2016). Contraception in Japan: Current trends. Contraception, 93(6), 475–477. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.contraception.2016.02.006
連結至畢業學校之論文網頁點我開啟連結
註: 此連結為研究生畢業學校所提供,不一定有電子全文可供下載,若連結有誤,請點選上方之〝勘誤回報〞功能,我們會盡快修正,謝謝!
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
無相關期刊