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研究生:黃奕閤
研究生(外文):Yi-Ho Huang
論文名稱:綠地層級與文化生態系統服務關係之研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study of Relationship between Green Land System and Cultural Ecosystem Services
指導教授:林寶秀林寶秀引用關係
指導教授(外文):Bau-show Lin
口試委員:林晏州張俊彥鄭佳昆周宛俞
口試委員(外文):Yann-Jou LinChun-Yen ChangChia-Kuen ChengWan-Yu Chou
口試日期:2021-01-14
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:園藝暨景觀學系
學門:農業科學學門
學類:園藝學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2021
畢業學年度:109
語文別:中文
論文頁數:114
中文關鍵詞:生態系統服務文化生態系統服務綠地層級重要度表現度
外文關鍵詞:Ecosystem servicesCultural ecosystem servicesGeen land systemImportancePerformance
DOI:10.6342/NTU202100615
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生態系統服務為人類從自然中直接或間接獲得的各種效益,包含供應、調節、支持與文化生態系統服務,其中文化生態系統服務為人類透過生態系統所獲得的非物質效益,能緩解生活壓力並促進身心健康,因此識別並量化文化生態系統服務的提供變得日益重要。綠地為提供生態系統服務的重要結構,各綠地層級提供的文化生態系統服務會因其空間屬性及層級大小而有所不同。本研究目的為瞭解綠地層級和文化生態系統服務之關係,並進行文化生態系統服務重要度及表現度分析,以瞭解文化生態系統服務在各綠地層級中認知重要度與表現度之差異情形。
研究首先統整並歸納出11項綠地層級,再根據過去文獻所提出之文化生態系統服務,對其進行定義及問項擬定,包含遊憩、知識系統、教育、文化遺產、美學、靈感啟發、象徵意義、精神信仰、娛樂、存在、贈遺、社會關係、地方感,以及文化多樣性,共計14項文化生態系統服務。研究透過網路問卷進行調查,研究結果發現不同綠地層級所提供的文化生態系統服務項目不同,且隨著綠地層級越高,其所具備的文化生態系統服務數量越多,而綠地層級與個人背景對部分文化生態系統服務的識別與認知重要度呈現顯著關係。透過重要度及表現度分析,發現整體而言文化生態系統服務的重要度顯著大於表現度,代表各綠地層級在經營管理上皆有進步的空間,而在IPA分析上發現而多數綠地層級皆重視遊憩、美學、遺贈服務,且多半表現良好,表示應持續保持維護,而存在、教育、文化遺產服務在部分綠地層級則需要優先進行改善。
Ecosystem services are the various benefits that humans obtain directly or indirectly from nature. These include provisioning, regulating, and cultural services. Cultural ecosystem services are non-material benefits that humans obtain through ecosystems, which can relieve pressure and promote physical and mental health. Therefore, it is important to identify and quantify the provision of cultural ecosystem services. Green space is an important structure that provides ecosystem services. The cultural ecosystem services provided by green land system are different depending on the spatial attributes and levels. The purpose of this research is to understand the relationship between green land system and cultural ecosystem services. To conduct an analysis of importance-performance analysis (IPA) of cultural ecosystem services, and understand the differences in the importance and performance of cultural ecosystem services in green land system.
The research summarizes 11 green lands, and then defines cultural ecosystem services and formulates based on the service structure proposed in the past literature, including recreation, knowledge systems, education, cultural heritage, aesthetics, inspiration, symbol, religion, entertainment, existence, bequest, social relationship, sense of place, and cultural diversity. The study adopted web surveys. The results of the study found that there are differences in cultural ecosystem services provided by green lands, and the higher green land system can provide more cultural ecosystem services. The importance of cultural ecosystem services by the green land system and personal background are both significantly different. Through IPA analysis, it is found that the importance of cultural ecosystem services is greater than performance, which means that each green land has room for improvement in operation and management. According to IPA analysis, it is found that interviewees attach importance to recreation, aesthetics, and bequest services. These cultural ecosystem services mostly performed well, and should be maintained. Existence, education, and cultural heritage services need to be prioritized for improvement at some green lands.
致 謝 I
摘 要 III
Abstract V
圖 目 錄 IX
表 目 錄 X
第一章、 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機 1
第二節 研究目的 3
第三節 研究流程 4
第二章、 文獻回顧 7
第一節 生態系統服務 7
一、 生態系統服務之緣起定義 7
二、 生態系統服務之分類架構 8
第二節 文化服務 14
一、 文化服務定義與項目 14
二、 文化服務之相關研究與評估方式 16
第三節 綠地系統定義分類 18
一、 綠地定義 18
二、 各國綠地系統案例分析 18
三、 綠地系統層級架構建立 23
第四節 個人背景與文化服務感知相關研究 25
第三章、研究方法 29
第一節 研究架構及假設 29
一、 研究架構 29
二、 研究假設 29
第二節 研究變項及操作型定義 32
一、 綠地層級項目 32
二、 受訪者個人背景項目 34
三、 文化服務項目 34
第三節 問卷調查設計 38
第四節 資料處理與分析方法 40
一、 受訪者個人背景分析 40
二、 文化服務調查分析 40
三、 研究假設檢定 40
四、 綠地層級文化服務重要度-表現度評分 42
五、 研究限制 43
第四章、研究結果 45
第一節 受訪者個人背景資料分析 45
第二節 各綠地層級之文化服務項目分析 48
一、 調查信度與效度分析 48
二、 綠地層級之文化服務平均數量分析 48
三、 各項綠地層級之文化服務敘述性統計 50
第三節 綠地層級與個人背景對文化服務關係之檢定 58
一、 綠地層級所提供的文化服務有差異之檢定 58
二、 不同個人背景對文化服務的識別有差異之檢定 59
第四節 綠地層級與個人背景對文化服務重要度關係之檢定 62
一、 不同綠地層級對人們認知文化服務重要度有差異之檢定 62
二、 不同個人背景對文化服務重要度有差異之檢定 77
第五節 各綠地層級之文化服務重要度-表現度分析 83
一、 認知重要與表現度的差距分析 83
二、 IPA分析 83
第五章、結論與建議 95
第一節 結論 95
一、 受訪者對綠地層級的文化服務識別情形 95
二、 綠地層級與個人背景對文化服務類型之關係 95
三、 綠地層級與個人背景對文化服務重要度之關係 96
四、 綠地層級文化服務重要度-表現度評分 97
第二節 後續研究建議 99
參考文獻 101
附錄一 調查問卷 107
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