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研究生:張宇伶
研究生(外文):Yu-Ling Chang
論文名稱:自組裝超分子複合材料於薄膜分離之應用
論文名稱(外文):Self-Assembling Supramolecular Polymer Composites for Membrane Separation
指導教授:賴君義賴君義引用關係鄭智嘉
指導教授(外文):Juin-Yih LaiChih-Chia Cheng
口試委員:賴君義謝永堂劉英麟陳建光鄭智嘉
口試委員(外文):Juin-Yih LaiYeong-Tarng ShiehYing-Ling LiuJem-Kun ChenChih-Chia Cheng
口試日期:2021-07-22
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣科技大學
系所名稱:應用科技研究所
學門:自然科學學門
學類:其他自然科學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2021
畢業學年度:109
語文別:中文
論文頁數:115
中文關鍵詞:超分子聚合物聚己二酸對苯二甲酸丁二酯氫鍵複合材料薄膜分離
外文關鍵詞:Supramolecular polymerpoly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate)Hydrogen bondcompositesMembrane separation
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目錄
摘要 I
Abstract II
誌謝 IV
目錄 VI
圖目錄 XI
表目錄 XIV
第一章、 緒論 1
1-1 研究背景 1
1-2 研究動機 3
第二章、 文獻回顧 5
2-1 超分子化學(Supramolecular chemistry) 5
2-1-1 分子自組裝(Self-assembly) 6
2-2 非共價鍵(Noncovalent Bonding) 8
2-2-1 氫鍵 8
2-2-2 π-π作用力 11
2-3 腺嘌呤(Adenine) 13
2-4 聚酯(polyester) 16
2-4-1 聚己二酸對苯二甲酸丁二酯(Poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate), PBAT) 18
2-4-2 複合材料(Composite material) 20
2-4-3 PBAT複合材料之應用 20
2-5 薄膜(Membrane) 22
2-5-1 薄膜技術概述 22
2-5-2 氣體分離(Gas separation) 24
2-6 文獻回顧總結 27
第三章、 實驗材料與方法設計 28
3-1 研究設計 28
3-2 實驗藥品 29
3-3 實驗溶劑 32
3-4 實驗儀器與設備參數 35
3-4-1 旋轉塗佈機(Spin Coaters) 35
3-4-2 傅里葉轉換紅外光譜(Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, FTIR) 35
3-4-3 熱重分析儀(Thermogravimetric analysis, TGA) 36
3-4-4 差示掃描量熱儀(Differential scanning calorimetry, DSC) 36
3-4-5 斜式旋轉濃縮機(Rotary Evaporation) 37
3-4-6 水滴接觸角量測儀 (Water Contact angle) 37
3-4-7 膠體滲透層析儀(Gel Permeation Chromatography, GPC) 38
3-4-8 X-Ray繞射儀 (D2 PHASER X-Ray Powder Diffractometer) 38
3-4-9 液態核磁共振光譜(Nuclear Magnetic Resonance spectrometer, NMR) 39
3-4-10 高解析度場發射掃描式電子顯微鏡(Scanning Electron Microscope, SEM) 39
3-4-11 原子力顯微鏡(Atomic Force Microscope, AFM) 40
3-4-12 氣體透過率分析儀(Gas Permeation Analysis, GPA) 41
3-4-13 氣相層析儀(Gas chromatography, GC) 41
3-4-14 基質輔助雷射脫附游離飛行時間式質譜儀(Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight, MALDI-TOF MS) 42
3-4-15 流變儀(Rheometer) 42
3-4-16 拉伸試驗機 43
3-4-17 庫侖卡爾費雪滴定儀(Karl Fischer Titrators, KFT) 43
3-5 實驗合成步驟 44
3-5-1 合成單體前驅物AMA 44
3-5-2 合成AMA-Jeffamine (AJ) 45
3-6 高分子複合薄膜製備 46
第四章、 結果與討論 47
4-1 材料鑑定 47
4-1-1 單體前驅物AMA合成之分析 49
4-1-2 AMA-Jeffamine (AJ)合成之分析 50
4-1-3 高分子材料小角度散射(SAXS)與廣角X-射線繞射(XRD)分析 54
4-1-4 高分子材料熱性質分析 57
4-1-5 高分子材料之流變分析(Rheometer test) 60
4-1-6 高分子材料透過傅立葉轉換紅外光譜 (FTIR)之分析 62
4-2 複合薄膜性質鑑定及比較 63
4-2-1 複合薄膜之X-射線繞射(XRD)分析 63
4-2-2 複合薄膜之熱性質分析 65
4-2-3 複合薄膜之機械性質分析 68
4-3 複合薄膜表面分析 70
4-3-1 水接觸角 (Water Contact angle) 70
4-3-2 掃描式電子顯微鏡 (SEM)與原子力顯微鏡 (AFM) 71
4-4 複合薄膜之應用 77
4-4-1 氣體分離 77
4-4-2 油水分離 80
第五章、 結論 82
第六章、 未來展望 84
第七章、 參考文獻 85
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