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研究生:吳金鳳
研究生(外文):WU,JIN-FENG
論文名稱:遭受家庭暴力婦女求助行為模式研究
論文名稱(外文):Rsearch on the Help-Seeking Behavior Pattern of Women Suffering from Domestic Violence
指導教授:王篤強王篤強引用關係
指導教授(外文):WANG,DUU-CHIANG
口試委員:陳琇惠呂朝賢廖美蓮趙善如
口試委員(外文):CHEN,HSIU-HUILEU,CHAO-HSIENLIU,MIRIAM MEI-LINCHAO,SHAN-RU
口試日期:2021-01-23
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:東海大學
系所名稱:社會工作學系
學門:社會服務學門
學類:社會工作學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2021
畢業學年度:109
語文別:中文
論文頁數:180
中文關鍵詞:家庭暴力婚姻暴力求助行为社会工作策略华人文化
外文關鍵詞:Domestic ViolenceMarital ViolenceHelp-Seeking BehaviorSocial work strategyChinese Culture
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婦女遭受暴力是個全球性的議題,其帶來廣泛的健康與社會經濟後果的負面影響。瞭解受暴婦女求助行為並提供適切的服務及制定相關政策是婦女社會工作服務和研究發展的重要一環。本研究目的在於:(1)探究遭受婚姻暴力婦女的求助過程;(2)探究受暴婦女求助障礙以及應對策略;(3)探究華人文化下受暴婦女求助行為模式;(4)提升反家庭暴力預防及干預等服務輸送的品質,提供反家庭暴力相關政策建議。
本研究以建構的紮根理論為研究方法,以圍繞受暴持續時間、家暴樣態、婚姻狀態、受暴類型、求助經歷五個維度進行理論性抽樣,對20位受暴婦女進行質性訪談,從過程視角探索受暴婦女求助中的認知、影響因素、求助障礙以及求助成效。研究結果包括:
第一, 受暴婦女的求助包含過程視角,受暴婦女的求助行為分為求助前的知覺並定義暴力問題、決定尋求幫助、確定適當的求助對象,過程視角將求助視為非線性的過程,並包含一個回饋迴圈;
第二,受暴婦女會依個人需求、暴力的時間以及求助成效使用非正式或正式支持系統;
第三,受暴婦女的求助行為受到施助者、施暴者三方的互動所影響,三方的交互作用對受暴婦女求助行為產生促進或阻礙因素;
第四,華人文化在求助行為不同階段都呈現抑制效應,家庭本位及自力更生的求助觀念,通過集體主義與面子文化、人情文化、孝道文化深刻影響受暴婦女的求助行為,父權社會建構下的文化具有高度的性別壓迫性,影響受暴婦女從認識及定義暴力問題到求助行動整個歷程,並通過受暴婦女、施助者及施暴者三方的互動滲透到各個過程,影响求助成效;最後受暴婦女在障礙中亦能運用臉面文化,發揮個人主體性,發展個人的求助應對策略。
基於以上結論,本研究從政策面再到實務面提出破除障礙的建議。
Violence against women is a global issue, which has a wide range of negative health and socio-economic consequences.
Understanding battered women's help-seeking behavior, providing appropriate services and formulating relevant policies are an important part of women's social work services and research development.The purpose of this research is to :(1) explore the process of seeking help for women who are victims of marital violence;(2) Exploring the process barriers and coping strategies of abused women seeking help;(3) To explore the help-seeking behavior pattern of abused women in Chinese culture;(4) Improve the quality of anti-domestic violence prevention and intervention services, and provide anti-domestic violence related policy recommendations.
This research takes the grounded theory of construction as the research method,and conducts theoretical sampling on five dimensions of help-seeking experience, duration of violence, domestic violence, marital status, and type of violence, and qualitative interviews with 20 women who have been victims of violence . From a process perspective, explore the cognition, influencing factors, barriers to help seeking and the effectiveness of seeking help for women victims of violence.
Findings include:
Firstly, the help-seeking behavior of abused women includes the process perspective. The help-seeking behavior of abused women includes the perception and definition of violence problem before help-seeking, the decision to seek help, and the determination of appropriate help-seeking objects. The process perspective regards the help-seeking as a nonlinear process and contains a feedback loop.
Second, battered women use informal or formal support systems, depending on their personal needs, the timing of the violence, and the effectiveness of the help.
Third, the help-seeking behavior of battered women is affected by the interaction between the helper and the abuser, which promotes or hinders the help-seeking behavior of battered women.
Fourthly, Chinese culture has inhibitory effect on help-seeking behavior at different stages.The family-based and self-reliant help-seeking concept has profoundly influenced the help-seeking behavior of women victims of violence through collectivism,“mianzi”culture, “renqing” culture, and filial piety culture.The culture under patriarchal society has a high degree of gender oppression, which affects the whole process of women who are victims of violence from understanding and defining the problem of violence to seeking action.and permeates into each process through the interaction of women victims of violence, the helper and the abuser, and affects the effectiveness of seeking help.Finally, battered women can use face culture to develop their own coping strategies for seeking help.
Based on the above conclusions, this study puts forward some suggestions from policy to practice.
第一章 緒 論 1
第一節 問題陳述 1
一、家庭暴力流行率 1
二、家庭暴力帶來的負面影響 2
三、求助於正式或非正式社會支援網路在婦女揭露家庭暴力中的作用 4
四、受暴婦女的求助現狀不容樂觀 5
五、受暴婦女求助行為深受文化影響 6
六、研究中國大陸受暴婦女求助行為的重要性 7
第二節 研究動機 8
一、學術動機 8
二、實務動機 9
第三節 研究目的 10
第四節 重要名詞解釋 11
第二章 文獻綜述 13
第一節 家庭暴力概念意涵、理論解釋 13
一、家庭暴力的概念界定 13
二、家庭暴力的理論解釋 16
第二節 受暴婦女求助行為相關研究 21
一、求助行為的概念界定 21
二、受暴婦女求助行為的理論解釋 25
三、受暴婦女求助行為影響因素研究 31
四、受暴婦女求助行為的跨文化研究 38
五、現有研究的綜合檢視 39
第三節 華人文化下的受暴婦女的求助行為探討 41
一、華人文化下求助行為邏輯 41
二、過程視角下受暴婦女求助行為模式研究思路 45
第三章 研究方法與研究設計 47
第一節 研究範式 47
第二節 研究方法 48
第三節 研究場域與研究對象 51
第四節 研究信度與效度 56
第五節 研究倫理 57
第四章 研究發現 59
第一節 研究對象的基本資訊 59
一、受訪對象基本資訊 61
二、受暴經驗 61
第二節 求助歷程:求助前 63
一、求助前:正常化暴力或高度容忍暴力 63
二、影響因素 65
第三節 求助歷程:決定求助 72
一、關鍵事件 72
二、促進因素 73
三、小結 77
第四節 求助歷程:求助對象選擇 77
一、求助對象 78
二、求助需求 86
三、求助對象選擇影響因素 96
五、小結 103
第五節 受暴婦女求助障礙 104
一、個體因素 105
二、施暴者行為 108
三、外部回應 109
四、文化 112
第六節 求助成效及應對策略 114
一、求助成效及特點 114
二、華人文化對施助者干預受暴婦女的影響 129
三、受暴婦女應對策略 131
三、小結 136
第七節 華人文化下受暴婦女求助行為模式建構 137
第五章 結論與建議 139
第一節 結論 139
第二節 建議 141
一、政策面 142
二、實務面 147
附錄 151
附錄一:訪談大綱 151
附錄二:訪談同意書 153
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