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研究生:邱靖雅
研究生(外文):QIU, JING-YA
論文名稱:銀資源循環高值化與物質流布分析之研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study of High Value-Added Recycling and the Material Flow Analysis of Silver
指導教授:張添晉張添晉引用關係
指導教授(外文):CHANG, TIEN-CHIN
口試委員:陳良棟王立邦張添晉
口試委員(外文):CHEN, LIANG-TUNGWANG, LI-PANGCHANG, TIEN-CHIN
口試日期:2021-06-16
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北科技大學
系所名稱:環境工程與管理研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:環境工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2021
畢業學年度:109
語文別:中文
論文頁數:104
中文關鍵詞:貴金屬物質流布分析高值化
外文關鍵詞:Precious MetalSilverMaterial Flow AnalysisHigh Value-Added
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貴金屬被廣泛使用於工業、醫療、珠寶及金融投資等領域中,其獨特之物理及化學特性,成為科技發展之關鍵物料,且全球貴金屬資源稀少及價格昂貴,被各國視為戰略物資。然而臺灣缺乏貴金屬資源,科技發展及產業製造所需之貴金屬原料皆以仰賴進口,為此本研究透過分析貴金屬資源運用現況,並針對貴金屬之銀(Ag)進行產業鏈與高值化剖析,進而探討銀之循環價值,作為臺灣貴金屬資源管理策略及高值化發展之依據。
本研究採用文獻蒐集及特定元素物質流布分析,藉由財政部關務署、經濟部工業局及行政院環保署等官方資訊,調查臺灣銀物質流布情形。而研究結果得知,2019年臺灣銀總進口量約為911公噸,總出口量約為513公噸,總製造量約為611公噸,總貯存量約為174公噸,總廢棄量約為70公噸,若將廢棄量全數回收,可帶來高值化效益約新台幣12億元。另本研究透過文獻蒐集含銀廢棄物之循環技術,以分析各循環技術之優勢,並探討國外貴金屬資源管理及循環模式,作為臺灣未來推動貴金屬管理及循環方向之參考。
Precious metals are widely used in industry, medical industry, jewellery and financial investment and other fields. Due to the unique physical and chemical properties, they have become critical materials for development of science and technology. Precious metal resources are scarce and expensive in the world, and are regarded as strategic materials by all countries. However, there is a lack of precious metal resources in Taiwan, and its raw materials are rely on imports. Therefore, this study analyzed the current situation of precious metal resources utilization, and analyzed the industrial chain and high value of precious metal silver (Ag), so as to explore the recycling value of silver as the basis for the management strategy and high value-added development of precious metal resources in Taiwan.
The study focus on literature analysis and substance flow analysis methods. The data of silver material flow analysis in Taiwan were collected from Customs Administration, Ministry of Finance, Industrial Development Bureau, Ministry of Economic Affairs, and Environmental Protection Administration, Executive Yuan. Based on the research results in Taiwan, the total import amount of silver in 2019 was about 911 metric tons, the total export amount was about 513 metric tons, the total manufacturing amount was about 611 metric tons, the total torage amount was about 174 metric tons, and the total waste amount was about 70 metric tons. Assumed all the waste were fully recycled, the amount of high value-added benefits simply from recycling Ag could be as much as NT$1.2 billion per year. In addition, this study used literature to collect silver recycling technology form waste to analyze the advantages of each recycling technology, and explore the management and recycling mode of precious metal resources in foreign, so as to provide a reference for promoting the direction of precious metal management and recycling in Taiwan.
摘要 i
ABSTRACT ii
誌謝 iv
目錄 v
表目錄 vii
圖目錄 ix
第一章 前言 1
1.1 研究緣起 1
1.2 研究目的 2
1.3 研究流程 3
第二章 文獻回顧 5
2.1 全球貴金屬資源剖析 5
2.1.1 貴金屬之範疇與界定 6
2.1.2 全球貴金屬儲量分布 8
2.1.3 貴金屬之應用及現況 10
2.2 貴金屬銀之現況探討 13
2.2.1 銀金屬之特性及應用 13
2.2.2 全球銀礦分布與產量 14
2.2.3 銀之市場現況與趨勢 18
2.3 銀資源循環技術探討 24
2.3.1 銀資源循環現況 24
2.3.2 含銀廢棄物種類 26
2.3.3 銀資源循環技術 29
2.4 物質流布分析之理論 33
2.4.1 物質流布分析之定義及分類 33
2.4.2 特定元素物質流布分析應用 38
第三章 研究內容及方法 41
3.1 研究內容及流程 41
3.2 物質流布分析步驟 42
第四章 結果與討論 47
4.1 銀金屬產品之研析 47
4.1.1 含銀產品進口量及出口量 48
4.1.2 含銀產品製造量及廢棄量 55
4.1.3 含銀產品銷售量及貯存量 60
4.2 銀金屬物質流布分析 63
4.2.1 各階段含銀產品之含銀比例 63
4.2.2 銀原料及含銀產品數據分析 67
4.2.3 銀金屬物質流布之綜合評析 75
4.3 銀資源循環高值化分析 78
4.3.1 含銀產品高值化分析 78
4.3.2 國內外循環技術研析 79
4.3.3 銀資源循環發展研析 83
4.4 貴金屬資源管理之策略 87
4.4.1 貴金屬管理及儲備分析 87
4.4.2 貴金屬資源循環策略 89
第五章 結論與建議 92
5.1 結論 92
5.2 建議 94
參考文獻 95
附件一 101

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