跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(44.200.171.156) 您好!臺灣時間:2023/03/22 01:01
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:Claudia Bermudez
論文名稱:推動女性平權的案例研究:尼加拉瓜的 XtraOrdinary Women NGO
論文名稱(外文):Promoting Development through Women’s Empowerment In Nicaragua: A Case Study on XtraOrdinary Women NGO
指導教授:張懿文張懿文引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chang, I-Wen
口試委員:林亞婷賴嘉玲
口試委員(外文):Lin, YatinLai, Chia-Ling
口試日期:2021-07-06
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北藝術大學
系所名稱:文創產業國際藝術碩士學位學程(IMCCI)
學門:藝術學門
學類:藝術行政學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2021
畢業學年度:109
語文別:英文
論文頁數:154
外文關鍵詞:WomenDevelopmentPatriarchyNicaraguaDomestic Violence
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:60
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:4
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
Abstract
Women’s empowerment is a sensitive and special topic for me because I had the
privilege of being raised by incredibly strong female figures who became my role models and shaped the person I am today. Therefore, I feel the necessity to fight for women’s rights, and to create a community of strong women that work hard to overcome difficulties.

The purpose of this investigation is to analyze the work of the non-profit organization XtraOrdinary Women NGO to understand its impact on women’s empowerment in Nicaragua. Consequently, this research includes several problems affecting the country, the region and the world when it comes to gender equality. I am aware that women’s empowerment is a broad and
complex topic, thus, this research only covers organizations working with women in Nicaragua. The methodology used for data collections is through a case study, which is an in-depth analysis of data including websites and summary reports of the organization, and conducting interviews
to people that were directly or indirectly connected to the association.

I argue that women’s empowerment plays an important role in the development of
societies and that by achieving gender equality economies grow. Sadly, it is not as easy as it sounds, among the many problems I found with this study are: the lack of formal education, poverty, and machismo. I learned that women are naturally empowered leaders forced by a patriarchal system to believe the opposite and these problems are more evident in developing countries such as mine. Through the honest testimonies of several women, I learned that if given
the opportunity, women thrive, but we have to change the system we are used to before we can see women and men equally shine.
Table of Contents
Abstract 4
Acknowledgements 5
Table of Contents 6
List of Figures 8
List of Tables 9
Chapter 1: Introduction 11
1.1 Motivation 12
1.2 Women Empowerment in Nicaragua 14
1.3 Domestic Violence 18
1.4 XtraOrdinary Women 22
1.5 Research Question 25
1.6 Argument 26
1.7 Purpose of Study 27
Chapter 2: Literature Review 29
2.1 Women’s Oppression 29
2.2 Women’s Empowerment 36
2.3 History of Women’s Movements in Nicaragua 39
2.4 Women in Sustainable Development 44
2.5 Women in Business 53
Chapter 3: Methodology 57
3.1 Case Study 58
3.2 Interview 60
3.3 Limitations 67
Chapter 4: Is Women’s Empowerment A Matter of Education? 69
4.1 XtraOrdinary Women NGO Background 69
4.2 Chureca Chic 75
4.3 XtraOrdinary Team 77
4.4 XtraOrdinary Network 79
4.5 XtraOrdinary Programs 82
4.6 Covid-19 Pandemic 86
Chapter 5: Development, Poverty and Machismo 90
5.1 Measuring Women’s Empowerment 95
5.2 Economical Impact 102
5.3 Psychological Impact 103
5.4 Is Women’s Empowerment the Solution for Economic Development? 106
5.5 Female Entrepreneurship 108
Chapter 6: Flipping the Odds and Changing the System 113
6.1 Findings and Limitations 114
6.2 Future Research 116
References 117
Bibliography 117
Appendix 1 123
Appendix 2 150
REFERENCES
BIBLIOGRAPHY

AECID. 2014. “AECID Memoria 2007-2014.”

Albornoz Pollmann, Laura. 2017. “Empowering Women , Enhancing Prosperity.”
Asale, R.-, & Rae. (2021). machismo: Diccionario de la lengua española. "Diccionario de la lengua española" - Edición del Tricentenario. https://dle.rae.es/machismo.
Babb, Florence E. 2020. “Nicaraguan Legacies: Advances and Setbacks in Feminist and LGBTQ Activism.” In A Nicaraguan Exceptionalism? Debating the Legacy of the Sandinista Revolution. University of London Press.

Bakshi, Avantika, Achieving Sustainable Development Through Ecofeminism (November 11, 2017).

Barquero, Belinda. 2021. Questionnaire by author. May 4, 2021.

Beauvoir, Simone de. 1949. The second sex. New York: Vintage Books.

Bejarano, Manuel. 2018. “Casi 50% de Las Mujeres Participan En La Actividad Económica Del Pais.” El Nuevo Diario. https://www.elnuevodiario.com.ni/economia/457862-dia-internacional-mujer-nicaragua/.

Bolaños, Jose. 2021. Interview by author. Nicaragua and Taiwan. February 2, 2021.

Bonino Méndez, Luis. 2002. “Masculinidad Hegemónica e Identidad Masculina.” Dossiers Feministes 0 (6): 7–35.

Brandt, Rikke. 2013. “Land Administration, Gender Equality and Development Cooperation: Strengthening Women’s Rights to and Control over Land in Nicaragua.”

Burkett, Elinor. n.d. “Britannica.” Britannica. https://www.britannica.com/topic/feminism.
Burki, Talha. 2020. “The Origin of SARS-CoV-2.” The Lancet. Infectious Diseases 20 (9): 1018–19. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1473-3099(20)30641-1.

Butler, Judith. Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. New York: Routledge, 1990.

Calvès, Anne-Emmanuèle. 2009. “Empowerment: The History of a Key Concept in Contemporary Development Discourse.” Cairn.Info. 2009. https://www.cairn-int.info/article-E_RTM_200_0735--empowerment-the-history-of-a-key-concept.htm.

CEJIL. 2013. “Diagnóstico Sobre Los Crímenes de Odio Motivados Por La Orientación Sexual e Identidad de Género: Costa Rica, Honduras y Nicaragua.”

Chureca Chic. n.d. “Chureca Chic.” Accessed April 15, 2021. https://www.churecachic.com/.

Clement, Joel. 2018. “Las Sandinistas.” Fortright Radio. 2018. https://forthright.media/2018/04/18/jenny-murray-las-sandinistas/.

Crenshaw, Kimberle. "Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics, and Violence against Women of Color." Stanford Law Review 43, no. 6 (1991): 1241-299.

Cuadra Lira, Elvira. 2010. “El Movimiento de Mujeres y La Lucha Por Sus Derechos En Nicaragua. Movimientos Sociales y Ciudadanía En Centroamérica,” 80. http://cinco.org.ni/archive/232.pdf.

Cuadra Lira, Elvira. 2021. Interview by author. Nicaragua and Taiwan. May 18, 2021.
Deem, Rosemary. 1988. Work, Unemployment and Leisure. Routledge.

D’Eaubonne, Françoise. 1974. “Le Féminisme Ou La Mort,” 7–12.

Delgado, Martha, and Fre Sia. 2019. “El Movimiento de Mujeres En Nicaragua, Una Historia de Entereza y Determinación.” 2019. https://www.laquimerafeminista.com/el-movimiento-de-mujeres-en-nicaragua-una-historia-de-entereza-y-determinacion/.

Delgado, Violeta, and Amalia Barrios. 2012. “Mujeres y Modelos Alternativos Para El Desarrollo Rural.” Managua.

Duflo, Esther. 2012. “Women Empowerment and Economic Development” 50 (4): 1051–79.

Earth Education Project. 2013. EEP Art for Women 2013 - International Women’s Day 2013. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4pSIomrnaRI.

Editor, Book, Liz Kelly, Thomas Meysen, and Verlag Barbara. n.d. “Violence Chapter 14 Making Visible : Employing Art in Researching Intervention against Violence.”
“Empowerment: Definition of Empowerment by Oxford Dictionary on Lexico.com.” (n.d) Lexico Dictionaries | English. Lexico Dictionaries. Accessed October 22, 2020. https://www.lexico.com/definition/empowerment.
Espinosa, Tania, and Federico Parra. 2017. “PROYECTO DE RECONOCIMIENTO DE LA SITUACIÓN DE DERECHOS HUMANOS DE LOS RECICLADORES EN LATINOAMÉRICA.”
Friedan, Betty. The Feminine Mystique. New York :Norton, 1963.

Freire, Paulo. 2013. Pedagogy of the Oppressed. The Applied Theatre Reader. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203891315-58.

FUNIDES. 2020. “Proyecciones Socioeconómicas 2020.” Revision a: 1–11.

FUNIDES. 2019. “SITUACIÓN DE LAS MUJERES EN EL MERCADO LABORAL EN 2019.”

Gonzalez, Ana Patricia. 2021. Interview by author. Nicaragua and Taiwan. March 3, 2021 and May 12, 2021.

Gounder, Sam. 2004. “Chapter 3 - Research Methodology and Research Questions.” Research Methodology and Research Method, no. March 2012: 84–193.

Grabe, Shelly. 2010. “Promoting Gender Equality: The Role of Ideology, Power, and Control in the Link between Land Ownership and Violence in Nicaragua.” Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy 10 (1): 146–70. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1530-2415.2010.01221.x.
Grady , Constance. “The Waves of Feminism, and Why People Keep Fighting over Them, Explained.” Vox. Vox, July 20, 2018. https://www.vox.com/2018/3/20/16955588/feminism-waves-explained-first-second-third-fourth.
Guidant Financial. 2020. “2020 Trends for Women in Business.” 2020. https://www.guidantfinancial.com/small-business-trends/women-in-business/.

Haraway, Donna. 1988. “Situated Knowledges : The Science Question in Feminism and the Privilege of Partial Perspective Linked References Are Available on JSTOR for This Article :” Feminist Studies 14 (3): 575–99.

Lexico. 2020. “Oxford English and Spanish Dictionary.” Léxico. 2020. https://www.lexico.com/definition/empowerment.

Mahler, Anne Garland. 2017. “Global South” 5 (October): 490–490. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-95867-5_300072.

Managua, Furiosa. 2019. “Andrea Paltzer: Moda Para Empoderar.” Managua Furiosa. 2019. http://www.managuafuriosa.com/andrea-paltzer-moda-para-empoderar/.

MEC. 2014. “Movimiento de Mujeres Trabajadoras y Desempleadas ‘Maria Elena Cuadra.’” 2014. https://www.mec.org.ni/?p=1436.
Mensa, M., & Grow, J. (2019). Women Creatives and Machismo in Mexican Advertising: Challenging Barriers to success. European Review of Latin American and Caribbean Studies | Revista Europea De Estudios Latinoamericanos y Del Caribe, (107), 27. https://doi.org/10.32992/erlacs.10359
McRea, Vledya. 2021. Interview by author. Nicaragua and Taiwan. May 21, 2021.

Miranda, Elaine. 2021. Questionnaire by author. Nicaragua and Taiwan. June 6, 2021.

Montenegro, Rosario. 2012. “El Voto Femenino En Nicaragua,” no. 91: 91–115.

Montenegro, Sofía. 2016. La Masculinidad Hegemónica En Los Jóvenes de La Posrevolución. https://cinco.org.ni/archive/569.pdf.

Moses, Claire Goldberg. 2012. “‘ What ’ s in a Name ?’ On Writing the History of Feminism Author ( s ): Claire Goldberg Moses Published by : Feminist Studies , Inc . Stable

Muñoz, Francella. 2021. Interview by author. Nicaragua and Taiwan. February 5, 2021.

Neumann, Pamela. 2016. “En Búsqueda de Justicia: La Violencia Contra La Mujer y El Sistema Legal En Nicaragua.” In , 2:3–14.
Oxford English Dictionary. (2021). Machismo: Definition of Machismo by Oxford Dictionary on Lexico.com also meaning of Machismo. Lexico Dictionaries | English. https://www.lexico.com/en/definition/machismo.
Paltzer, Andrea. 2020. Interview by author. Nicaragua and Taiwan. November 19, 2020 and May 17, 2021.

Pisani, Michael. 2018. “Contemporary Female Entrepreneurship in Nicaragua.” AD-Minister, no. 33: 5–20. https://doi.org/10.17230/ad-minister.33.1.
Regan, Sarah. “How Gender & The Environment Are Intrinsically Linked.” mindbodygreen. mindbodygreen, June 22, 2020. https://www.mindbodygreen.com/articles/ecofeminism-history-and-principles?fbclid=IwAR0veTAohCURVf-Vufc7TipRGTCAlL9bER5BKSGJZRhU4K7eySKZPMKqYlg.
REN. n.d. “Quienes Somos?” https://ren.org.ni/about/.

Salazar, Maynor. 2017. “La Vida Despues de La Chureca.” Confidencial, June 12, 2017. https://www.confidencial.com.ni/nacion/la-vida-despues-la-chureca/.

The World Bank. 2020. “The World Bank In Nicaragua.” 2020. https://www.worldbank.org/en/country/nicaragua/overview.

UNDP. 2020. “The Next Frontier: Human Development and the Anthropocene.” Human Development Report 2020, 130–58. http://hdr.undp.org/en/2020-report.

UNECE. 2012. “Empowering Women for Sustainable Development United Nations.”

UNITED NATIONS. 2014. “Francisca Ramirez.” Together We Defend Human Rights. 2014. https://togetherwedefend.org/defenders/francisca-ramirez.

UNITED NATIONS. 2007. “CRIME AND DEVELOPMENT IN CENTRAL AMERICA Caught in the Crossfire.”

UNITED NATIONS. 2020. “Progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals.” Vol. 06176.

UNITED NATIONS. n.d. “Work and Priorities.” Accessed October 23, 2020. https://www.unwomen.org/en/about-us/about-un-women.

UNITED NATIONS. n.d. “Charter of the United Nations.” Accessed October 23, 2020. https://www.un.org/en/sections/un-charter/chapter-i/index.html.

UNITED NATIONS. 2012. “Empowerment: What Does It Mean to You?”

University, Cambridge. 2021. “Cambridge Dictionary.” 2021. https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/feminism?q=feminism+.

Valdez, Teresa, and Enrique Gomariz. 1993. “Mujeres Latinoamericanas En Cifras: Nicaragua.”

Victor, Daniel. 2016. “Women in Company Leadership Tied to Stronger Profits, Study Says,” 2016. https://www.nytimes.com/2016/02/10/business/women-in-company-leadership-tied-to-stronger-profits.html?_r=3&auth=linked-google1tap&mtrref&ref=nyt-es.

Wertz, Jia. 2020. “Female Entrepreneurs Put People First, Leading To Healthier Profits,” 2020. https://www.forbes.com/sites/jiawertz/2020/02/18/female-entrepreneurs-people-first-healthier-profits/?sh=2bfb4e76654f.

WHO. 2005. “WHO Multi-Country Study on Women ’ s Health and Domestic Initial Results on Prevalence.” Who. Vol. 151. http://www.cabdirect.org/abstracts/20063002089.html.

WHO. 2012. “WHO: Femicide.” World Health Organization, 8.

Woetzel, Jonathan, Anu Madgavkar, and Kweilin Ellingrud. 2015. “THE POWER OF PARITY: HOW ADVANCING WOMEN’S EQUALITY CAN ADD $12 TRILLION TO GLOBAL GROWTH.” Mckinsey&Company. https://doi.org/10.7591/cornell/9780801453687.003.0006.

Wollstonecraft, Mary. 1792. A VINDICATION OF THE RIGHTS OF WOMAN Mary Wollstonecraft.

WOMEN, UN. “Work and Priorities.” Accessed October 23, 2020. https://www.unwomen.org/en/about-us/about-un-women.

World Bank. 2020. “The World Bank In Nicaragua.” 2020. https://www.worldbank.org/en/country/nicaragua/overview#:~:text=In 2017 Nicaragua maintained a,in 2018 and 2019%2C respectively.

Xtraordinary Women. n.d. “XtraOrdinary Women.” http://xtraordinary.org/.

Xtraordinary, Women. 2019. “XtraOrdinary-Women-2019-Operational-Summary.”

Xtraordinary, Women. 2019. “Resumen Operativo de Mujeres Xtraordinarias.”















QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
無相關期刊