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研究生:黃育珮
研究生(外文):HUANG, YU-PEI
論文名稱:利用氧化石墨烯與還原氧化石墨烯吸附廢水中染料之研究
論文名稱(外文):Using Graphene Oxide and Reduced Graphene Oxide to Adsorb the Dyes of Wastewater
指導教授:章日行
指導教授(外文):Jih-Hsing Chang
口試委員:陳谷汎楊佩玉
口試委員(外文):Ku-Fan ChenPei-yu Yang
口試日期:2022-06-02
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:朝陽科技大學
系所名稱:環境工程與管理系
學門:工程學門
學類:環境工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2022
畢業學年度:110
語文別:中文
論文頁數:73
中文關鍵詞:氧化石墨烯還原氧化石墨烯亞甲基藍甲基橙孔雀石綠吸附模型
外文關鍵詞:Graphene oxideReduced graphene oxideMethylene blueMethyl orangeMalachite greenAdsorption model
相關次數:
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  • 下載下載:73
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本文主要研究Hummers製備氧化石墨烯以及水熱法合成還原氧化石墨烯後,對亞甲基藍、甲基橙與孔雀石綠的降解特性研究。在製備氧化石墨烯(Graphene oxide, GO)與還原氧化石墨烯(Reduced graphene oxide, rGO),並用XRD、SEM、EDS對樣品進行了一系列分析。以試驗吸附三種染料,結果表明,兩種吸附劑對亞甲基藍的吸附效果最好,後續針對亞甲基藍實驗條件pH、染料初始濃度對吸附效果影響,兩種吸附劑吸附量相差不大,脫色效果為還原氧化石墨烯好,同樣在pH8,還原氧化石墨烯吸附容量較氧化石墨烯好,最大吸附容量分別為5.91mg/L、28.99 mg/L,各吸附體系中的吸附行為都符合Langmuir等溫吸附模型,能更好地描述該吸附過程。
This article mainly studies Hummers to prepare graphene oxide and hydrothermal synthesis and reduced graphene oxide, and study the degradation characteristics of methylene blue, methyl orange and malachite green. The sample analysis was analyzed in the samples of XRD, SEM, and EDS in the preparation of graphene oxide (GO) and reducing oxide graphene (rGO), and using XRD, SEM, EDS. Three dyes with test adsorption, the results show that the two adsorbents have the best adsorption effect on methylene blue. In the future, the adsorption effect on the adsorption of the methylene blue Experimental pH and the initial concentration of dyes. The reduced graphene oxide is good. It is also in pH8. Reduced graphene oxide is better than graphene oxide. The maximum adsorption capacity is 5.91mg/L, 28.99 mg/L. The adsorption behavior in each adsorption system is in line with the temperature adsorption model of langmuir, which can better describe the adsorption process.
目錄
中文摘要 i
英文摘要 ii
致謝 iii
目錄 iv
表目錄 vii
圖目錄 viii
第一章 緒論 1
1-1 前言 1
1-2 研究目的 3
第二章 文獻回顧 4
2-1染料廢水特性 4
2-1-1染料廢水處理方法 4
2-2 石墨烯特性與應用 7
2-2-1 石墨烯起源 7
2-2-2 石墨稀結構特性 9
2-3 石墨烯的合成方法 10
2-3-1 機械剝離法 10
2-3-2 化學剝離法 12
2-3-3 磊晶成長法 12
2-3-4 化學氣相沉積法 13
2-3-5 切割奈米碳管法 14
2-3-6 電解石墨法 15
2-4 吸附現象 16
2-4-1 吸附原理 16
2-4-2 吸附模型 17
2-4-3 吸附質的性質 19
第三章 試驗材料與方法 21
3-1 實驗架構圖 21
3-2 實驗儀器設備 22
3-3 試驗材料及儀器設備 24
3-3-1 亞甲基藍化學性質及用途 26
3-3-2 甲基橙化學性質及用途 26
3-3-3 孔雀石綠化學性質及用途 27
3-3-4 實驗分析儀器原理 28
3-4 氧化石墨烯製備步驟 36
3-5 還原氧化石墨烯製備步驟 37
3-6 製備與吸附實驗 38
3-6-1製備氧化石墨烯 38
3-6-2製備還原氧化石墨烯 39
3-6-3染料吸附試驗 40
3-6-4 不同pH初始值亞甲基藍吸附 42
3-7 吸附量的測定 43
3-8 UV-VIS全波長掃描 44
第四章 結果與討論 46
4-1 氧化石墨烯與還原氧化石墨烯樣品分析 46
4-1-1表面成像、表面元素分析 46
4-1-2 晶體結構分析 51
4-2 分光光度計分析 52
4-2-1亞甲基藍吸附測試數據分析 52
4-2-2甲基橙吸附測試數據分析 54
4-2-3孔雀藍綠吸附測試數據分析 55
4-3 PH、亞甲基藍初始濃度對氧化石墨烯和還原氧化石墨烯吸附能力的影響 56
4-4 亞甲基藍吸附等溫線 60
第五章 結論 64
5-1建議 65
參考文獻 66

表目錄
表3- 1實驗儀器設備 22
表3- 2藥劑名稱與廠牌 24
表3- 3器具與耗材 25
表3- 4實驗藥劑 25
表4- 1GO及rGO元素分析結果……………………………………………..48
表4- 2等溫吸附模型擬合參數 61

圖目錄
圖3- 1實驗架構 21
圖3- 2 X射線繞射分析儀 28
圖3- 3場發射掃描式電子顯微鏡 (中興大學) 29
圖3- 4 SEM主要構造示意圖 30
圖3- 5紫外光/可見光分光光度計 31
圖3- 6測定吸光度結構 32
圖3- 7酸鹼度測定計(pH meter, SUNTEX SP-701)主機正面 34
圖3- 8量測電位與溶液 pH 值關係 35
圖3- 9 Hummers合成氧化石墨烯製備流程 38
圖3- 10水熱法合成還原石墨烯製備流程 39
圖3- 11不同pH初始值亞甲基藍吸附 42
圖3- 12亞甲基藍在UV-vis全波長掃顯示 44
圖3- 13甲基橙在UV-vis全波長掃顯示 45
圖3- 14甲基橙在UV-vis全波長掃顯示 45
圖4- 1氧化石墨烯表面成像…………………………………………………47
圖4- 2還原氧化石墨烯表面成像 47
圖4- 3氧化石墨稀表面元素分析 49
圖4- 4還原氧化石墨稀表面元素分析 50
圖4- 5 GO和rGO XRD圖譜 51
圖4- 6氧化石墨烯對不同濃度亞甲基藍吸附 53
圖4- 7還原氧化石墨烯對不同濃度亞甲基藍吸附 53
圖4- 8氧化石墨烯與還原氧化石墨烯對10(mg/L)甲基橙吸附 54
圖4- 9氧化石墨烯與還原氧化石墨烯對10(mg/L)孔雀石綠吸附 55
圖4- 10不同pH對氧化石墨烯吸附亞甲基藍之吸附平衡曲線 57
圖4- 11不同pH對還原氧化石墨烯吸附亞甲基藍之吸附平衡曲線 57
圖4- 12不同pH對氧化石墨烯吸附亞甲基藍 58
圖4- 13不同pH對還原氧化石墨烯吸附亞甲基藍 59
圖4- 14 GO Langmuir等温吸附線(pH8) 62
圖4- 15 rGO Langmuir等温吸附線(pH8) 62
圖4- 16 GO Freundlic等溫吸附線(pH8) 63
圖4- 17 rGO Freundlic等溫吸附線(pH8) 63
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