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研究生:黃騰輝
研究生(外文):HUANG, TENG-HUI
論文名稱:消防設備師士對水成膜泡沫含氟物質處置知識、態度及意圖之研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study on Knowledge, Attitude and Intention of Fire-Fighting Technicians on the Disposal of Fluorine-Containing Substance in AFFF
指導教授:周中祺
口試委員:陳宜清蔡佳洲周中祺葉啟輝
口試日期:2022-07-28
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:大葉大學
系所名稱:環境工程學系研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:環境工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2022
畢業學年度:110
語文別:中文
論文頁數:98
中文關鍵詞:水成膜泡沫全氟辛烷磺酸消防水成膜全氟辛酸環境荷爾蒙
外文關鍵詞:AFFFAcute Stress DisorderPost-Traumatic Stress DisorderVariable Risk Factor ModelBrief Symptom Rating Scal
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2022年在台南東區某一棟大樓,發生泡沫污染民生用水,一般民眾在不知情的狀況下沐浴造成皮膚紅腫。消防水成膜泡沫美麗的外衣下,含有全氟辛酸,這是2020年環保署增訂為第一類毒性化學物質。從第一支泡沫滅火器,一直演進到水成膜泡沫,大型油類火災才得以迅速撲滅,這必須歸功於水成膜泡沫。水成膜泡沫之所以這麼優秀,主要是調聚氟化物PFAS,它的疏油、疏水及減少表面張力,增加火災的撲滅效果。本研究希望第一線的消防設備師士對水成膜泡沫含氟聚合物和對污染環境進而影響健康的瞭解,宣導一般民眾,從源頭管制依循國際處置方式,並探究消防設備師士對水成膜泡沫含氟聚合物的知識、態度、意圖的瞭解程度。研究結論可知,消防專技人員對水成膜泡沫含氟物質處置態度與含氟處置意圖相關情形以皮爾森(Pearson)積差相關的統計結果,兩者之間的相關係數為0.84(Pearson>0.7)屬於高度相關,顯著性的值0.00(P<0.05)達顯著性標準,氟聚合物處置態度表現愈好,氟聚合物處置意圖的表現也會愈正向、積極。
In 2022, in a building in the East District of Tainan, foam polluted the water for people's livelihood, and ordinary people bathed without knowing it, causing red and swollen skin. Under the beautiful coat of fire-fighting AFFF, it contains perfluorooctanoic acid, which is a Category 1 toxic chemical added by the EPA in 2020. From the first foam fire extinguisher to the AFFF, large oil fires were quickly extinguished, which must be attributed to AFFF. The reason why the AFFF is so excellent is mainly the telomerized fluoride PFAS, which is oleophobic, hydrophobic and reduces surface tension, increasing the fire fighting effect.This research hopes that front-line fire-fighting equipment specialists will have an understanding of the environmental pollution and health impacts of AFFF fluoropolymers, educate the general public, control the source and follow international disposal methods, and explore the effects of fire-fighting equipment specialists on water pollution. The level of knowledge, attitudes, and intentions of film-forming foam fluoropolymers. The conclusion of the study shows that there is a significant positive correlation between the knowledge, attitudes and intentions of AFFF fluoropolymers among all fire equipment technicians. The better the attitude performance of polymer disposal; the better the attitude performance of fluoropolymer disposal, the more positive and positive the performance of fluoropolymer disposal intention will be.


目錄

封面內頁
簽名頁
中文摘要 iii
ABSTRACT iv
誌謝 v
目錄 vii
圖目錄 ix
表目錄 x

第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究動機與研究問題 1
1.2 名詞解釋 2
1.3 研究流程 3
第二章 文獻回顧 5
2.1 泡沫滅火的初始 5
2.2 水成膜泡沫含氟對環境的影響 8
2.3 國內、國外全氟辛酸監管、回收處理規範 15
2.4問卷調查法 20
2.5 編製問卷 21
第三章 研究方法 22
3.1 研究流程 22
3.2 研究架構 25
3.3 研究對象 25
3.4 研究工具與問卷設計 26
3.5 研究範圍與研究限制 38
第四章 結果與討論 39
4.1 研究對象的基本資料 39
4.2 水成膜泡沫含氟物質處置知識測試結果分析 42
4.3 水成膜泡沫含氟物質處置態度測試結果分析 44
4.4 水成膜泡沫含氟物質處置意圖測試結果分析 50
4.5 信度分析 59
4.6 不同背景屬性之專技人員差異分析 60
4.7 全體受測專技人員的相關分析 67
4.8 結論 69
第五章 結論與建議 70
5.1 研究結論 70
5.2 研究建議 72
參考文獻 74
附錄 82


參考文獻

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