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研究生:呂紹賢
研究生(外文):LU, SHAO-HSIEN
論文名稱:疫情影響下流域城鎮韌性探討 : 以中台灣大安溪流域為例。
論文名稱(外文):Discussion on town resilience under the influence of pandemic situation: Taking Da-an river basin in Central Taiwan as an example.
指導教授:洪啟東洪啟東引用關係
指導教授(外文):HONG, CI-DONG
口試委員:林文苑洪鴻智
口試委員(外文):LIN, WUN-YUANHONG, HONG-JHIH
口試日期:2022-06-13
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:銘傳大學
系所名稱:都市規劃與防災學系碩士班
學門:建築及都市規劃學門
學類:都市規劃學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2022
畢業學年度:110
語文別:中文
論文頁數:126
中文關鍵詞:新冠疫情城鎮韌性公衛危機大安溪流域空間分析
外文關鍵詞:COVID-19urban resiliencepublic health crisisDa-an River Basinspatial analysis
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台灣流域相關災防研究多以硬式工程與傳統水資源管理為主,尤其探討流域中上游地區結構物的衝擊與損害風險,提及流域內之都市規劃與社會經濟、生態環境等層面較不重視,且流行疫病傳染影響下城鎮韌性表現更是著墨甚少。大安溪流域為為台灣中部地區重要產業、文化、民生聚集地區,流域境內產業形式多元,流域內具宗教文化中心(大甲鎮瀾宮)以及科技工廠地區(中部科學園區),除了盛產芋頭等雜糧農產外,還發展花卉、蔬果等精緻農產。2021年5月各台灣城市進入新冠疫情第三級警戒,延伸出有別於過往極端天氣衝擊下的公衛危機,如:無法負荷大量的醫療需求導致系統崩潰(system collapse);觀光人口銳減導致餐飲業歇業問題。
本研究希望能了解疫情對於城鎮之間的衝擊影響,並透過空間分析方法以及指標評估來進行分析,了解流域城鎮在疫情衝擊的主要問題以及空間變化,本研究主要目的包括:(1).探討臺中市與苗栗縣交界之大安溪流域城鎮在疫情大流行背景下,城鎮衝擊影響,並對未來可能發生的公衛危機提出建議; (2).流域城鎮在不同地域空間(上游、中游、下游)具有其特點,不同城鎮的特點在災害衝擊下,是否會產生對城鎮造成加劇災害影響的脆弱性,亦或是會具有減緩與調適能力的韌性;(3).研究大安溪流域城鎮在疫情大流行前後韌性概念變化(過往自然災害衝擊與疫病公衛危機的不同),以及城鎮的韌性在流域空間中的差異性。研究方法分為量化方法與質化方法並行,量化研究主要進行韌性的指標評估與空間分析,質化方法透過文獻分析、實地調查與訪談來補充以及驗證量化方法研究成果。透過田野調查訪談、韌性指標評估以及迴歸模型等方法,研究發現大安溪流域中的城鄉差異會導致疫情衝擊影響有所變化(例如,下游城鎮芋農比起中游城鎮的果農更容易受到疫情影響、上游偏鄉聚落的就醫與資訊取得的困難問題)。研究認為未來發生相同傳染性疫病造成的公衛危機時,透過韌性評估與空間分析方法鎖定重點城鎮,以達到減災與提升地區韌性之效果是可行的,透過全面性的評估與整合政府與利害關係人的調適能力與脆弱表徵,可以降低疫情帶來的衝擊影響以及做出因地制宜的城鎮規劃。
Taiwan Basin related disaster prevention research mostly focuses on hard engineering and traditional water resource management, especially on the impact and damage risk of structures in the middle and upper reaches of the basin. It is mentioned that urban planning, socio-economic, ecological environment and other aspects in the basin are less valued, and there is little attention to the resilience of cities and towns under the influence of epidemic diseases. Da-an river basin is an important industry, culture and livelihood gathering area in Central Taiwan. The industrial forms in the basin are diverse. There are religious and cultural centers and science and technology factories in the basin. In addition to producing cereals such as taro, it also develops delicate agricultural products such as flowers, vegetables and fruits. In May, 2021, all Taiwan cities entered the third level alert of COVID-19, extending the public health crisis different from the previous extreme weather shocks, such as: unable to load a large number of medical needs, resulting in system collapse; The sharp decline in the tourist population has led to the closure of the catering industry.
This study hopes to understand the impact of epidemic situation on towns and cities, and analyze it through spatial analysis method and index evaluation, so as to understand the main problems and spatial changes of epidemic situation in towns and cities in the river basin. The main purposes of this study include: (1) To explore the impact of epidemic situation on towns and cities in Da-an River Basin at the border of Taichung City and Miaoli County, and put forward suggestions for possible public health crisis in the future; (2) Watershed towns have their own characteristics in different geographical spaces. Under the impact of disasters, will the characteristics of different towns have the vulnerability to aggravate the impact of disasters on towns, or will they have the resilience to slow down and adjust? (3) Study the concept change of resilience of cities and towns in Da-an basin before and after epidemic situation, and the difference of resilience of cities and towns in basin space. The research methods are divided into quantitative methods and qualitative methods. The quantitative research mainly carries out index evaluation and spatial analysis of resilience, while the qualitative method supplements and verifies the research results of quantitative methods through literature analysis, field investigation and interview. Through field investigation and interview, resilience index evaluation and regression model, it is found that the urban-rural differences in Da-an River Basin will lead to changes in the impact of epidemic situation. It is considered that when the public health crisis caused by the same infectious disease occurs in the future, it is feasible to target key towns by means of resilience assessment and spatial analysis, so as to achieve the effect of reducing disaster and improving regional resilience. Comprehensive assessment and integration of the adaptability and vulnerability of the government and stakeholders can reduce the impact of the epidemic and make town planning according to local conditions.
誌謝 I
摘要 II
Abstract III
目錄 V
圖目錄 VI
表目錄 VII
附錄表目錄 VIII
第一章、緒論 1
第一節 研究緣起與背景 1
第二節 研究目的 2
第三節 研究範圍 4
第二章、文獻回顧 9
第一節 疾病地理與分析 10
第二節 流域治理的城鎮危機表徵 15
第三節 流域城鎮韌性相關研究 18
第三章、研究方法與設計 25
第一節 研究方法 25
第二節 研究設計與流程 34
第三節 流域城鎮韌性架構 36
第四節 資料來源 47
第四章、研究內容 51
第一節 城鎮影響與疫情時間軸 52
第二節 流域城鎮韌性評估 54
第三節 空間分析成果 61
第五章、研究結果與討論 81
第一節 疫病與大安溪流域韌性的城鎮空間變化 81
第二節 流域高齡勞動者之調適能力 82
第三節 未來流域城鎮規劃策略與韌性相關建議 84
參考文獻 89
一、中文文獻 89
二、英文文獻 90
三、網路資料 94
附錄 102
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