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研究生:黃彥瑜
研究生(外文):Huang, Yen-Yu
論文名稱:重返秩序的超驗基礎:沃格林的法律哲學
論文名稱(外文):The Return to the Transcendental Ground of the Order: Eric Voegelin’s Philosophy of Law
指導教授:江玉林江玉林引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chiang, Yu-Lin
口試委員:高文琦劉宏恩
口試委員(外文):Kao, Wen-ChiLiu, Hung-En
口試日期:2022-07-28
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:法律學系
學門:法律學門
學類:一般法律學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2022
畢業學年度:110
語文別:中文
論文頁數:145
中文關鍵詞:沃格林法律哲學規範性神祕主義
外文關鍵詞:Eric VoegelinPhilosophy of lawNormativityMysticism
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沃格林(Eric Voegelin)認為法律規範性的來源是「本體論上的應然」(Ought in the ontological sense),或者說是⼈在超驗的真正秩序與經驗的⼈造秩序之中體驗到的張⼒。這樣的法哲學建⽴在⼀種哲學⼈類學之上,將⼈看作在超驗與經驗、彼世與此世之間的存有。⼈因來⾃超驗端的牽引,⽽體驗到規範性。這樣的法哲學是神祕主義的。此外,只有根植於超驗與經驗之間的神祕主義法哲學,才能正當地導引⼈對於絕對之物的追求。藉此,它避免法秩序衰敗為沃格林稱為「諾斯替主義」的失序,進⽽⾛向極權主義的悲劇。
Eric Voegelin considers the source of the normativity of law to be “Ought in the ontological sense”, or the tension experienced by man between the transcendental true order and the empirical man-made order. A legal philosophy of this kind presupposes a sort of philosophical anthropology that treats a human as a being between transcendence and mundanity. Man is guided by the Transcendent, and hence he experiences normativity. Such a philosophy of law is mystical. Furthermore, only a mystical philosophy of law based between transcendence and mundanity can rightfully guide man’s pursuit of the Absolute. Thereby, it prevents the legal order from decaying into disorder which Voegelin names Gnosticism and eventually collapsing into the tragedy of totalitarianism.
第⼀章 緒論 1
第⼀節 研究問題與動機 1
第⼆節 ⽂獻回顧 5
第三節 沃格林其⼈其思想概談 7
第四節 研究⽅法與章節架構安排 13

第⼆章 《法之本質》與法的超驗根源 15
第⼀節 為何閱讀《法之本質》? 15
第⼆節 試尋法之本質 17
第三節 本體論上的應然、法律的規範性與秩序的維繫 31
第四節 對現實秩序的批判與作為⽴法者的哲學家 44
第五節 ⼩結:神祕主義的法哲學 49

第三章 沃格林的神祕主義哲學 51
第⼀節 哲學家、哲學⼈類學與存有的秩序 52
第⼆節 當代社會的失序:諾斯替主義 69
第三節 沃格林筆下的神祕主義哲學家 80
⼀、柏拉圖 81
⼆、聖阿奎那 89
三、博丹 95
第四節 ⼩結 101

第四章 神祕主義法哲學:何謂⼜為何? 106
第⼀節 凱爾森問題——法應該與超越的基礎斷裂嗎? 107
第⼆節 沃格林、洪遜欣、吳經熊,與憲政主義問題 118
第三節 有序的靈魂中的法哲學 131

第五章 結論 136

參考⽂獻 140
英文、德文部分

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Ellis Sandoz, Ellis (2011). What is a Mystic Philosopher and Why does it Matter? Eric Voegelin Society, 27th Annual International Meeting, Seattle, Washington, September 2, 2011, https://sites01.lsu.edu/faculty/voegelin/wp-content/uploads/sites/80/2015/09/Ellis-Sandoz.pdf.
Finnis, John (2011). NATURAL LAW AND NATURAL RIGHTS, Oxford: Oxford Uni. Press.
Fillafer, Franz Leander and Feichtinger, Johannes (2019). Natural Law and the Vienna School: Hans Kelsen, Alfred Verdross, and Eric Voegelin, in: HANS KELSEN AND THE NATURAL LAW TRADITION, Peter Langford, Ian Bryan, John McGarry ed.
Frank, Hans (1935). Einleitung zum »Nationsozialistischen Handbuch für Recht und Gesetzgebung«, in: Rechtsfertigungen des Unrechts: Das Rechtsdenken im Nationsozialismus in Originaltexten, 2014.
Fuller, B. A. G. (1907) The Theory of God in Book Λ of Aristotle's Metaphysics, The Philosophical Review, Vol. 16, No. 2, pp. 170-183.
Fuller, Lon L. (1969). THE MORALITY OF LAW: Revised Edition, New Haven and London: Yale Uni. Press.
Gontier, Thierry (2009). From “Political Theology” to “Political Religion”: Voegelin and Schmitt, VoegelinView, September 28, 2009, https://voegelinview.com/voegelin-and-carl-schmitt/ .
Grotius, Hugo (2005). THE RIGHTS OF WAR AND PEACE, Book I, Richard Tuck eds., Indianapolis: Liberty Fund.
Hesse, Hermann (2013). Demian: Die Geschichte von Emil Sinclair Jugend, Gutenberg eBook edition.
Hughes, Glenn (1993). MYSTERY AND MYTH IN THE PHILOSOPHY OF ERIC VOEGELIN, Columbia, Missouri: University of Missouri Press.
Kelsen, Hans (1960). Reine Rechtslehre, 2. Auflage 1960, Nachdruck 1992.
Kelsen, Hans (2004). A NEW SCIENCE OF POLITICS: Hans Kelsen's Reply to Eric Voegelin's "New Science of Politics". A Contribution to the Critique of Ideology, Eckhart Arnold eds., Frankfurt, Lancaster: ontos verlag, 2004
Kelsen, Hans (2006). Verteidigung der Demokratie, herausgeben von Matthias Jestaedt und Oliver Lepsius, Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck.
Kelsen, Hans (2012). SECULAR RELIGION: A POLEMIC AGAINST THE MISINTERPRETATION OF MODERN SOCIAL PHILOSOOHY, SCIENCE AND POLITICS AS “NEW RELIGIONS”, Wien, New York: Springer.
Lisska, Anthony J. (2010). Contemporary Natural Law Theory, in: THE ROUTLEDGE COMPANION TO ETHICS, John Skorupski eds. London and New York: Routledge.
Martin, Patrick H. (2002). Natural Law: Voegelin and The End of [Legal] Philosophy, Louisiana Law Review, Vol. 62, No. 3, pp. 879-96.
Ott, Walter and Buob, Franziska (1993). Did Legal Positivism Render German Jurists Defenceless During the Third Reich ? Social and Legal Studies, Vol. 2, pp. 91-104.
Passos, Eduardo Schmidt (2009) Eric Voegelin and the Natural Law Tradition, Perspectives on Political Science, Vol. 48, No. 3, pp. 210-7, doi: 10.1080/10457097.2019.1612506.
Petropulos, William (2000). The Person as ‘Imago Dei’: Augustine and Max Scheler in Eric Voegelin’s ‘Herrschaftslehre’ and ‘The Political Religions’, OCCASIONAL PAPERS, Eric-Voegelin-Archiv, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München.
Preuss, Lawrence (1934). Germanic Law versus Roman Law in National Socialist Legal Theory, Journal of Comparative Legislation and International Law, Vol. 16, No. 4, pp. 269-75.
Sandoz, Ellis (2010). The Spirit of Voegelin’s Late Works, Voegelin View, https://voegelinview.com/the-spirit-of-voegelins-late-work-pt-1/ .
Schram, Glenn (1992). Critical Notice: The Nature of the Law and Related Legal Writings, Canadian Journal of Law & Jurisprudence, Volume 5, Issue 2, pp. 357-67.
Sigwart, Hans-Jörg (2005). Some Principles of Voegelinian Hermeneutics – Eric Voegelin ́s Reading of Jean Bodin, Paper presented at the 21st annual meeting of the Eric Voegelin Society, at the annual conference of the American Political Science Association, 2005, Washington, D.C. https://sites01.lsu.edu/faculty/voegelin/wp-content/uploads/sites/80/2015/09/Sigwart2.pdf .
Stradaioli, Nicoletta (2005). Philosophical Anthropology: Voegelin's debt to Max Scheler, https://sites01.lsu.edu/faculty/voegelin/wp-content/uploads/sites/80/2015/09/Nicoletta-Stradaioli2.pdf
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Voegelin, Eric (1952). THE NEW SCIENCE OF POLITICS, Uni. Chicago Press, 1974 Ninth Impression.
Voegelin, Eric (1978). ANAMNESIS, transl. & ed. by Gerhart Niemeyer, University of Notre Dame Press.
Voegelin, Eric (1991) The Theory of Legal Science: A Review, CW 27.
Voegelin, Eric (1991). Supplementary Notes for Students in Jurisprudence Course, LSU Law School 1954-1957, CW 27.
Voegelin, Eric (1991). THE NATURE OF THE LAW AND RELATED LEGAL WRITINGS, Robert Anthony Pascal, James Lee Babin, John William Corrington ed., CW 27.
Voegelin, Eric (1998). HISTORY OF POLITICAL IDEAS, Vol. II: The Middle Ages to Aquinas, CW 20.
Voegelin, Eric (1998). HISTORY OF POLITICAL IDEAS, Vol. V: Religion and the Rise of Modernity, CW 23. 中譯本:《政治概念史稿・卷五》,霍偉岸翻譯,上海:華東師範大學出版社,2019年。
Voegelin, Eric (1999). HISTORY OF POLITICAL IDEAS, Vol. VI: Revolution and the New Science, CW 24.
Voegelin, Eric (1999). THE AUTHORITARIAN STATE: AN ESSAY ON THE PROBLEM OF THE AUSTRIAN STATE, Ruth Hein transl., CW 4
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Voegelin, Eric (2001). ORDER AND HISTORY, Vol. I: Israel and Revelation, CW 14.
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