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研究生:李韋良
研究生(外文):Li, Wei-Liang
論文名稱:區塊鏈技術如何促進國際貿易與永續發展?
論文名稱(外文):How Can Blockchain Technology Facilitate International Trade and Sustainability Development?
指導教授:何靜嫺何靜嫺引用關係
口試委員:翁世芳黃智聰
口試日期:2022-06-24
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:經濟學系
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:經濟學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2022
畢業學年度:110
語文別:英文
論文頁數:49
中文關鍵詞:區塊鏈國際貿易環境永續政策
外文關鍵詞:BlockchainInternation tradeSustainable environmentPolicy
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  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:368
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  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
區塊鏈技術具有成為大眾接受(不可竄改)及去中心化的特色。近年來,大部分政府與環境當局已經在催促區塊鏈應用以促進國際貿易與環境保護。我們的第一個模型分析智能合約應用於國際貿易。我們的第二個模型提出一個全球環境的架構,將區塊鏈用於記錄成員國的環境永續的程度,這些紀錄將會廣播給所有區塊鏈的成員,並用於決定出口至其他國家的程度。我們分析每一個國家在此架構加入的動機,並證明環境永續的程度在區塊鏈的架構會比有考慮社會福利對其他國家的外部性,即社會規範或外溢效果的時候高。
Blockchain technology has the properties of being public members (cannot be changed) and decentralized. Recently, many governments and environmental authorities have been urging the applications of blockchain to facilitate international trade and environmental protection. Our first model analyzes the application of smart contracts to international trade. Our second model proposes a global environmental scheme where blockchain technology is used to record member counties' environmental sustainability levels. These records will be broadcasted to all members of the blockchain and will be used to determine the level of exports to other countries. We analyze each country's incentive to join this scheme and show that the levels of environmental sustainability are higher than those obtained by considering welfare externalities across countries, e.g., from a spillover or social norm effects.
List of Tables v
List of Figures vi
1. Introduction 1
2. Related Literature 5
2.1 Features of Blockchains 5
2.2 Related Literature on Blockchains 9
2.3 Government Policies and Environmental Regulations 13
3. Cross-Blockchain Trade 14
3.1 Characterization of Equilibrium 17
4. International Trade and Sustainable Environment in Blockchain 21
4.1 Before Joining Blockchain 23
4.1.1 Free Trade 23
4.1.2 Unilateral Firmamental Trade Regulations 25
4.1.3 Bilateral Firmamental Trade Regulations 31
5. Joining the Blockchain 33
5.1 Proportinoal Output 34
5.2 Proportional Profit 36
5.3 Comparison to the Centralized Coalition 37
6. Concluding Remarks 39
References 41
Appendix 48
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