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研究生:莊皓翔
研究生(外文):Hao-Hsiang Chuang
論文名稱:屋頂型太陽能板於不同環境之模擬與分析
論文名稱(外文):Simulations and Analysis of Solar Rooftop under different environments
指導教授:周建成周建成引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chien-Cheng Chou
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:土木工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:土木工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2022
畢業學年度:110
語文別:中文
論文頁數:109
中文關鍵詞:太陽能HEMSCFD發電效率溫度模擬
外文關鍵詞:Solar powerPower Generation EfficientTemperature SimulationHEMSCFD
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台灣經濟部已訂定在2025年再生能源發電佔比要達到20%的政策目標,且太陽能是再生能源中的首要來源,在近年來也以倍數的規模成長,而隨著太陽能在政策中不斷的提高裝置容量之外,若發電效率也提高可以發電量會有顯著的成長。
在家庭能源管理系統(Home Energy Management System, HEMS)配合再生能源系統的情況下可以更有效的降低能源成本,在政府強力推動綠能屋頂全民參與的情況下,最容易接觸到屋頂型太陽能板,在架設太陽能板前若能有效的評估和日後能有效的監測太陽能板的使用情形,如遮蔽、髒汙…等干擾,即可有效的提升太陽能板的發電效率,故本研究想藉此提出一模擬太陽能板於不同環境下的方法,以解決上述之問題。
本研究利用建築資訊模型(Building Information Modeling, BIM)得到需要模擬的外部模型,並利用計算流體力學(Computational Fluid Dynamics, CFD)進行環境模擬,加入氣候環境參數下並計算於太陽熱通量下實際對太陽能板所造成的溫度,即可得知太陽能板因熱損失的發電效率,再加入不同熱源的情形下對太陽能板所造成的溫度,以了解在不同環境下太陽能板的溫度及發電影響。
在模擬溫度的準確度上,本研究系統驗證中利用一案例2021年5月11日進行驗證,在進行太陽能板架設前於不同環境狀況下進行模擬,模擬值與實際值誤差僅2.7%,可以有效提供屋頂型太陽能板架設前的環境評估及後續的發電量追蹤。
ROC Ministry of Economic Affairs has set a goal of increasing renewable energy power generation to 20% by 2025, and solar energy becomes a primary source among renewable energy. In recent years, it has grown tremendously. As solar energy policy allows to increase the capacity of solar devices and with the improve of efficiency, there will be a significant growth in power generation.
With the coordination of Home Energy Management System (HEMS) and renewable energy system, reducing energy costs can be more effective. With the government highly promoting the participation of green energy roof for everyone, the most accessible roof-type is solar panels. When setting up the solar panels, if it can be assessed effectively and monitored its use, such as occlude, dirty and etc, it can effectively improve the power generation efficiency of solar panels. Therefore, this research is mainly about proposing the simulation of solar panels in different environments to solve the problems.
This research uses Building Information Modeling (BIM) get the model to be simulated, and Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) to simulate the environment, add the climate environmental parameters and calculates the actual temperature under the solar heat flux to know the power generation efficiency of the solar panel due to heat loss. Then add the thermal factor caused by the solar panel to understand the temperature of the solar panel and impact of power generation in different environments.
In the accuracy of the simulated temperature, the verification of this research used a case to prove on May 11, 2021, To simulate in different environments situation of the solar panel, the error between the simulated value and the actual value is only 2.7% and which can effectively provide the environmental assessment before the roof photovoltaics is erected and the subsequent power generation tracking.
摘 要 i
Abstract ii
誌 謝 iii
目 錄 iv
圖目錄 vi
表目錄 ix
第一章 緒論 1
1-1 研究背景與動機 1
1-2 研究問題與目的 3
1-3 研究範圍與限制 4
1-4 研究流程 4
1-5 論文架構 7
第二章 文獻回顧 8
2-1 Home Energy Management System 8
2-1-1 HEMS應用再生能源系統 11
2-1-2 智慧電網 13
2-1-3 物聯網 14
2-1-4 HEMS儲能系統 16
2-1-5 ZigBee 17
2-2 太陽能相關回顧 20
2-2-1 太陽能發電影響因素 21
2-2-2 太陽能板清潔 22
2-3 Building Information Modeling 23
2-3-1 Revit 23
2-3-2 Dynamo 24
2-4 Arduino 25
2-5 Computational Fluid Dynamics 27
2-6 人為熱源 30
2-7 文獻回顧總結 34
第三章 太陽能監測裝置與模擬軟體 35
3-1 太陽能監測裝置架構 35
3-1-1 太陽能板 36
3-1-2 Arduino硬體設計 36
3-1-3 Arduino軟體設計 41
3-2 BIM建築模型 42
3-2-1 示範大樓的Revit模型建立 43
3-2-2 導入Fusion 360 46
3-3 模擬太陽能板溫度環境 49
3-3-1 環境模型建立 49
3-3-2 熱源模擬 54
3-4 計算太陽能板實際發電效率 55
第四章 研究案例與成果驗證 59
4-1 裝置實作流程 59
4-1-1 資料收集 60
4-1-2 模型建立 62
4-2 模擬太陽能板溫度 63
4-3 研究案例數據分析 68
4-4 成果比較 75
第五章 結論與建議 80
5-1 結論 80
5-2 建議 81
5-3 貢獻 81
參考文獻 83
評審意見回覆表 94
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