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研究生:蔣昕恆
研究生(外文):Hsin-Heng Chiang
論文名稱:豬流行性下痢病毒核酸於田間豬場的環境分布
論文名稱(外文):Environmental Distribution of Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus Nucleic Acid in Field Pig Farms
指導教授:郭鴻志郭鴻志引用關係吳青芬
指導教授(外文):Kuo, Hung-ChihWu, Ching-Fen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立嘉義大學
系所名稱:獸醫學系研究所
學門:獸醫學門
學類:獸醫學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2021
畢業學年度:110
語文別:中文
論文頁數:82
中文關鍵詞:豬流行性下痢環境監測生物安全生物安全評分即時定量聚合酶鏈鎖反應
外文關鍵詞:porcine epidemic diarrheaenvironmental monitoringbiosecuritybiosecurity scorereal-time quantitative PCR polymerase chain reaction
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中文摘要 I
Abstract II
目  錄 IV
表  次 VIII
圖  次 IX
縮 寫 表 X
第一章 緒論 1
第二章 文獻探討 2
第一節 豬流行性下痢之介紹 2
2.1.1 病原特徵 2
2.1.2 臨床症狀 2
2.1.3 病變 3
2.1.4 傳播途徑 3
2.1.4.1 直接傳播 3
2.1.4.2 間接傳播 3
2.1.4.3 空氣傳播 4
2.1.5 環境穩定性 4
2.1.6 消毒 5
第二節 生物安全之介紹 5
2.2.1 畜牧場生物安全概念之歷史 5
2.2.2 畜牧場生物安全概念重要性 6
2.2.3 畜牧場實施生物安全措施的瓶頸 7
第三節 養豬場之生物安全 8
2.3.1 養豬場生物安全之分類 8
2.3.2 養豬場外部生物安全 8
2.3.2.1 購買種豬或仔豬 8
2.3.2.2 購入精液 8
2.3.2.3 交通工具與疾病傳播 9
2.3.2.4 飼料及水與疾病傳播 9
2.3.2.5 人與動物間的疾病傳播 10
2.3.2.6 外來物品與疾病傳播 10
2.3.2.7 豬場其他生物防控 11
2.3.2.8 豬場位置與疾病爆發的風險 11
2.3.3 養豬場內部生物安全 12
2.3.3.1 統進統出 12
2.3.3.2 發病豬隻與屍體處理 12
2.3.3.3 疫苗接種 13
2.3.3.4 母豬與仔豬管理 13
2.3.3.5 豬場作業順序 13
2.3.3.6 豬場器械設備使用管理 13
2.3.3.7 畜舍之清潔與消毒 14
2.3.3.8 雨鞋及消毒踏槽 14
第四節 豬流行性下痢與豬場生物安全 14
第五節 研究動機 15
第三章 材料與方法 17
第一節 牧場挑選 17
第二節 環境病原檢測 17
3.2.1 環境樣本採集 17
3.2.2 核酸萃取 18
3.2.3 即時定量聚合酶鏈鎖反應 18
3.2.4 統計分析 19
第三節 問卷調查 19
第四章 結果 20
第一節 牧場挑選 20
第二節 環境病原檢測 20
4.2.1 分娩舍設施 21
4.2.2 已消毒分娩舍設施 21
4.2.3 分娩舍所使用相關器具 22
4.2.4 保育舍及肉豬舍 22
4.2.5 人員 22
4.2.6 外部區域 22
4.2.7 母豬糞便 22
第三節 問卷調查 23
第五章 討論 24
第一節 環境病原檢測 24
5.1.1 分娩舍設施 25
5.1.2已消毒分娩舍設施 27
5.1.3 分娩舍所使用相關器具 30
5.1.4 保育舍及肉豬舍 30
5.1.5 人員 31
5.1.6 外部區域 32
5.1.7 母豬糞便 32
第二節 問卷調查 33
第三節 試驗豬場生物安全建議 34
5.3.1 A場 34
5.3.2 B場 34
5.3.3 C場 35
5.3.4 D場 35
第六章 結論 37
參考文獻 38
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