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研究生:韓天佑
研究生(外文):HAN, TIEN-YU
論文名稱:磷酸銀/釩酸鉍複合光觸媒之表面特性及廢水處理應用研究
論文名稱(外文):Synthesis of Ag3PO4/BiVO4 hybrid photocatalyst: Determinations of surface properties and wastewater applications
指導教授:吳忠信吳忠信引用關係
指導教授(外文):WU, CHUNG-HSIN
口試委員:林正芳吳萬益吳忠信
口試委員(外文):LIN, CHENG-FANGWU, WAN-IWU, CHUNG-HSIN
口試日期:2022-05-16
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄科技大學
系所名稱:化學工程與材料工程系
學門:工程學門
學類:化學工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2022
畢業學年度:110
語文別:中文
論文頁數:169
中文關鍵詞:磷酸銀釩酸鉍光催化光觸媒
外文關鍵詞:Ag3PO4BiVO4photodegradationphotocatalyst
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:94
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摘要 i
Abstract iii
致謝 v
目錄 vi
表目錄 x
圖目錄 xi
第一章 緒論 1
1-1 研究動機 1
1-2 研究目的及內容 2
第二章 文獻回顧 3
2-1 高級氧化處理法 3
2-1.1 光催化 4
2-2 偶氮染料 5
2-3 磷酸銀(Ag3PO4) 6
2-3.1 Ag3PO4金屬氧化物改質 10
2-4 釩酸鉍(BiVO4) 18
2-4.1 BiVO4金屬氧化物改質 22
第三章 實驗方法 26
3-1 研究架構 26
3-2 藥品及儀器 27
3-3 觸媒命名及合成流程 29
3-3.1 觸媒之命名 29
3-4 物性分析 42
3-4.1 X光繞射分析儀(X-Ray Diffraction, XRD) 42
3-4.2 穿透式電子顯微鏡(Transmission Electron Microscope, TEM) 43
3-4.3 掃描式電子顯微鏡(Scanning Electron Microscope, SEM) 43
3-4.4 粒徑分析儀(Particle Size Analyzer) 43
3-4.5 界達電位儀(Zeta Potential) 44
3-4.6 光激螢光分光光譜儀(Photoluminescence, PL) 44
3-4.7 比表面積分析儀(Brunauer-Emmett-Teller, BET) 44
3-4.8 感應耦合電漿發射光譜儀(Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectrometry, ICP-OES) 46
3-4.9 X光射線光電子能譜(X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy, XPS) 46
3-4.10 紫外光-可見光光譜儀(Ultraviolet-Visible Spectroscopy, UV-Vis) 46
3-5 光催化活性實驗 48
3-5.1 直接光催化實驗 50
3-5.2 暗吸附實驗 50
3-5.3 紫外光催化實驗 50
3-5.4 可見光催化實驗 51
3-5.5 pH值效應實驗 51
3-5.6 活性物種捕捉實驗 52
3-5.7 觸媒重複再使用實驗 53
3-5.8 金屬溶出實驗 53
3-5.9 太陽光催化實驗 53
3-5.10 反應動力學模擬 54
第四章 結果與討論 55
4-1 單一及複合觸媒 55
4-2 表面特性分析 56
4-2.1 晶相分析 56
4-2.2 掃描式電子顯微鏡分析 64
4-2.3 穿透式電子顯微鏡分析 70
4-2.4 元素組成與鍵結分析 73
4-2.5 電子-電洞對再結合率分析 83
4-2.6 表面電性分析 84
4-2.7 觸媒光譜吸收範圍及能隙值分析 85
4-2.8 比表面積及孔徑分析 87
4-3 光催化活性實驗結果 88
4-3.1 直接光解 88
4-3.2 Ag3PO4光催化實驗結果 89
4-3.3 BiVO4光催化實驗結果 92
4-3.4 一步驟水熱法複合兩觸媒光催化之實驗結果 92
4-3.5 固液二步驟觸媒複合最佳化測試 96
4-3.6 物理混合光催化實驗 98
4-3.7 觸媒再現性實驗 98
4-3.8 觸媒重覆再使用實驗 99
4-3.9 pH效應實驗 102
4-3.10 金屬溶出實驗 103
4-3.11 太陽光直接催化實驗 105
4-3.12 活性物種捕捉實驗 108
4-3.13 觸媒光催化反應動力學模擬 109
4-4 光觸媒催化反應降解機制 112
4-5 光催化實驗後樣品觸媒之表面分析 114
4-5.1 反應後之晶相分析 114
4-5.2 反應後樣品觸媒之掃描式電子顯微鏡分析 117
4-5.3 反應後樣品觸媒之穿透式電子顯微鏡分析 130
4-5.4 反應後回收樣品觸媒之比表面積分析 136
第五章 結論與建議 138
5-1 結論 138
5-2 建議 139
參考文獻 140






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