跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(44.192.247.184) 您好!臺灣時間:2023/01/30 12:31
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:許榮家
研究生(外文):Hsu,Jueng-Chia
論文名稱:船用吸音材的效率檢測與佈置研究
論文名稱(外文):Research on Efficiency Testing and Installation of Sound-Absorbing Materials for Ships
指導教授:吳佳璋
指導教授(外文):Wu,Jia-Jang
口試委員:王翰韜盧建仲吳佳璋
口試日期:2021-12-23
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄科技大學
系所名稱:輪機工程系
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2021
畢業學年度:110
語文別:中文
論文頁數:83
中文關鍵詞:全無迴響室阻抗管吸音材料穿透損失垂直入射吸音係數
外文關鍵詞:Anechoic chamberImpedance tubeAbsorptive materialTransmission lossNormal Incident Sound Absorption Coefficient
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:67
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:10
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
由於製作技術上的限制,吸音材在製作的過程中,要將每一單位面積的聲學特性控制的完全相同,是很困難的,換句話說,吸音材在每一單位面積的聲學特性是不一樣的。本研究的主要目的在於針對計畫委託單位所提供的船用吸音材進行聲學參數檢測(包括:穿透損失與垂直入射吸音係數),並提供吸音材的聲學參數變化範圍,以利船舶聲學工程師可以進行更深入的船舶聲學設計。為達上述目的,本計畫將製作圓桶形隔音箱一個,並配合現有的全無迴響室,來進行吸音材的穿透損失檢測,為確認上述結果的可靠性,本研究也將利用阻抗管來進行吸音材的穿透損失量測,然後將上述兩種方法所獲得的穿透損失結果加以比對,以探討吸音材在不同環境下之穿透損失的變化範圍。此外,本研究也將利用阻抗管來進行吸音材的垂直入射吸音係數試驗,此試驗將進行多次,以利獲得吸音材之垂直入射吸音係數的變化範圍。由本研究所進行的量測結果可以發現,吸音材料每一單位面積的穿透損失與垂直入射吸音係數都有變化範圍,尤其是垂直入射吸音係數,變化範圍很大。本研究所提供的資料,可用來協助聲學工程師評估某特定吸音材對船舶隔音、吸音與降噪的能力,對船舶聲學設計有助益。
Due to the manufacturing limitations, it is very difficult to control the acoustic characteristics for each unit area of the sound-absorbing materials. In other words, the acoustic characteristics for each unit area of sound-absorbing materials are different. The main purpose of this research is to measure the acoustic parameters, such as transmission loss and normal incident sound absorption coefficient, of the sound-absorbing materials for ships provided by project supporting company. In addition, this research also investigated the variation ranges for acoustic parameters of the sound-absorbing materials, so that the ship acoustic engineers can develop better ideas for acoustic design of ships. To the last end, this research will construct a sound isolation cylinder, and cooperate with the existing anechoic chamber, in order to carry out the transmission loss measurement of sound-absorbing materials. In order to confirm the reliability of the above measurement results, this research will also use an impedance tube to measure the transmission loss of sound-absorbing materials, and then compare the transmission loss obtained by the above two methods in order to investigate the variation ranges for transmission loss of the sound-absorbing materials in different environments. In addition, this research will also carry out multiple measurements for normal incident sound absorption coefficient of sound-absorbing materials in order to obtain the variation ranges for sound absorption coefficient of sound-absorbing materials. From the measurement results of this research, it can be found that it exists some variation ranges for transmission loss and normal incident sound absorption coefficient of each unit area of the sound-absorbing materials. For the normal incident sound absorption coefficient of the sound-absorbing materials, their variation ranges are significant. The information provided by this research can be used to assist acoustic engineers in assessing the sound insulation, sound absorption and noise reduction capabilities of a specific sound-absorbing material which is helpful to the acoustic design of ships.
摘 要 ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… I
ABSTRACT …………………………………………………………………………………………………… II
誌 謝 ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… III
目 錄 ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… IV
圖目錄 ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… VI
表目錄 ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… IX
第一章 緒論 ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 1
1.1. 背景分析與目的 …………………………………………………………… 1
1.2. 文獻回顧 …………………………………………………………… 3
1.3. 論文架構 …………………………………………………………… 6
第二章 聲音的基本概念 ……………………………………………………………7
2.1. 聲音的傳播 ……………………………………………………………7
2.2. 聲音的週期與頻率 ……………………………………………………………8
2.3. 聲音的波長與聲速 ……………………………………………………………8
2.4. 聲壓、聲強與聲功率 ……………………………………………………………9
2.5. 聲壓位準、聲強位準與聲功率位準…………………………………………11
第三章 吸音材料的聲學參數量測方法 ………………………………………… 13
3.1. 吸音材料的聲學參數 ………………………………………………………… 13
3.2. 全無迴響室的吸音材料穿透損失量測 …………………………………13
3.3. 阻抗管的吸音材料穿透損失量測方法 …………………………………24
3.4. 阻抗管的吸音材料吸音係數量測方法 …………………………………26
第四章 隔音箱的設計與製作 …………………………………………………………27
4.1. 圓筒形隔音箱的設計與製作 …………………………………………………27
4.2. 圓筒形隔音箱的隔音效果 …………………………………………………31
第五章 吸音材料A的聲學特性量測 …………………………………………………33
5.1. 吸音材料A的全無迴響室穿透損失測試 ……………………………33
5.2. 吸音材料A的阻抗管穿透損失測試 ……………………………42
5.3. 吸音材料A的吸音係數測試 …………………………………………………46


第六章 吸音材料B的聲學特性量測 ……………………………………………………50
6.1. 吸音材料B的全無迴響室穿透損失測試 ……………………………50
6.2. 吸音材料B的阻抗管穿透損失測試 ……………………………59
6.3. 吸音材料B的吸音係數測試 …………………………………………………63
第七章 結論 ………………………………………………………………………………………………………67
參考文獻 …………………………………………………………………………………………………………69

[1] R. W. Guy, A. De Mey, P. Sauer, The Effect of Some Physical Parameters Upon the Laboratory Measurement of Sound Transmission Loss, C.B.S. Report No. 105., October 1983.
[2] ANSI/ASTM E90-75, Laboratory Measurement of Airborne Sound Transmission Loss of Building Partions.
[3] K. Ruber, S. Kanapathipillai and R. Randall, Sound Transmission Loss of a Panel Backed by a Small Enclosure, Journal of low frequency noise, vibration and active control, Vol. 34, 2015, pp. 549-568.
[4] O. Robina, N. Atalla and A. Berry, Estimating transmission loss in coupled reverberant-anechoic rooms by measuring sound intensity with and without a test specimen, The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Vol. 141, 2017.
[5] Charles Moritza, Jennifer Shaw, Armando Carrera, Keyu Chen and Measurement and David Herrin, Prediction of the Sound Transmission Loss for Various Sample Positions, Internoise 2015, USA.
[6] J. C. S. Lai and D. Qi, Sound transmission loss measurements using the sound intensity technique Part 1: The effects of reverberation time, Applied Acoustics, Vol. 40, No. 4, pp. 311-324.
[7] M. A. Lang, J.M. Rennie, Qualification of a 94 Cubic Meter Reverberation Room Under ANS S I.21, Noise Control Engineering / September - October 1981, pp. 64-70.
[8] R. H. Lyon, G. Maidanik, Response of Ribbed Panels to a Reverberant Acoustic Field, J.A.S.A., 1962, Vol. 34, pp. 623.
[9] Per Rasmussen, Phase Errors in Intensity Measuremets", B & K Application Note, May 1984.
[10] Albert London, Methods for determining sound transmission loss in the field, Journal of Research of the National Bureau of Standards, 1941, Vol. 26, pp. 419-453.
[11] Ysbrand Wijnant, On the in-situ measurement of transmission loss using the local plane wave method, 24th International Congress on Sound and Vibration, 2017, UK.
[12] Stephen Collings and Ken Stewart, Building material panel transmission loss evaluation using an Impedance Tube, Proceedings of ACOUSTICS 2011, Paper Number 113, Australia.
[13] Sung Soo Jung, Yong Tae Kim and Yong Bong Lee, Measurement of sound transmission loss by using impedance tubes, 2008, Journal of the Korean Physical Society, Vol. 53, No. 2, pp. 596-600.
[14] Satyajeet P Deshpande and Mohan D. Rao, Development of a low cost impedance tube to measure acoustic absorption and transmission loss of materials, 2014, 121st ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, Paper ID #8776.
[15] Beis D.A. and Hansen C.H., 2009, Engineering Noise Control: Theory and Practice Fourth Edition, Spon Press, London and New York.
[16] Kin Ming Ho, Z. Yang, X.X. Zhang, Ping Sheng, Measurements of sound transmission through panels of locally resonant materials between impedance tubes, 2005, Applied Acoustics, pp. 751-765.
[17] Lee C. M., Y. Xu, A modified transfer matrix method for prediction of transmission loss of multilayer acoustic materials, 2009, Journal of Sound and Vibration, No. 326, pp. 290-301.
[18] Joseph C. S. Lai and Dan Qi, Sound transmission loss measurements using the sound intensity technique Part 1: The Effects of Reverberation Time, 1993, Applied Acoustics, Vol. 40, pp. 311-324.
[19] Song B. H., Bolton J. S., A transfer matrix approach for estimating the characteristic impedance and wave numbers of limp and rigid porous materials, 1999, Journal of Acoustics Society of American., Vol. 107, No. 3, pp. 1131-52.
[20] Yousefzadeh B., Mahjoob M., Mohammadi N. and Shahsavari A., An experimental study of Sound Transmission Loss (STL) measurement techniques using an impedance tube, 2008, Proceedings Acoustics 2008 Conference (IC), Paris, France.
[21] Vigran, T. E., 2008, Building Acoustics, Taylor and Francis, London and New York.
[22] Tae Min Kim and Jeung Tae Kim, Comparison study of sound transmission loss in high speed train, 2011, International Journal of Railway, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 19-27.
[23] Kim, J. C. and Kim. K. J. Prediction of interior noise for tilting train by using transmission loss, 2007, Journal of the Korea Society for Railway, Vol. 10, No. 4, pp. 405-408.
[24] Park, J. K. and Kim, J. T. Evaluation method of the transmission loss using small reverberation room, 1999, Proceedings of the KSNVE Annual Autumn Conference, pp. 870-875.
[25] Kim, W. K., Kim, J. T. and Kim, S. H. Evaluation of the sound transmission loss of a light weight honeycomb structure, 2002, Proceedings of the Korea Society for Railway Annual Spring Conference, pp. 1316-1320.
[26] Kim, W. K. and Kim, J. T. Evaluation method of the transmission loss for railway vehicle structures, 2001, Proceedings of the Korea Society for Railway Annual Spring Conference, pp. 155-161.
[27] Standard Test Method for Impedance and Absorption of Acoustical Materials Using A Tube, Two Microphones and A Digital Frequency Analysis System, E 1050-98, American Society for Testing and Materials.

QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top